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Tablature Tattoo

Executive Summary

Tablature Tattoo will open a small tattoo parlor in suburban Greenwood, NJ, where both tattoo newbies and collectors will be able to work with two established, talented artists. The business will provide small, introductory tattoos from existing designs, basic tattoos that can be executed in one hour, and full half-day sessions with the artists. The artists can offer extended consultations and custom design work with the customers as needed. The business will also sell a wide range of clothing items and posters featuring designs created by the two artists at the business. The founders, husband and wife Jake and Julie Hunt (a tattoo artist and retail administrator), seek a $10,000, three-year loan to launch the business.

The business needs only $22,200 to launch, due to the low capital requirements of the business and the intention to use low-cost marketing techniques and direct selling to find initial customers. This low startup cost and the high margins on tattoo work (around 75%) will lead to positive cash flow within 6 months and the ability to repay this loan easily, as well as provide impressive dividends to the owners and a generous salary to the additional freelance artist contracted by the business. Sales will exceed $300,000 by the third year based on the full-time work of these three individuals.

Tattoo parlor business plan, executive summary chart image

Objectives

Tablature Tattoo will meet the following objectives over its first three years of operation:

  • Reach annual revenues of approximately $330,000 in year three
  • Successfully create 5446 tattoos over three years
  • Earn net profits for the owners, for significant total compensation to the two owners including salaries and dividends

Mission

Tablature Tattoo will create safe, impressive tattoo art for customers in the Greenwood, NJ area both through tattoos and through other products featuring art by the shop’s tattoo artists. The business seeks to create a full-time livelihood for Jack and Julie Hunt, the owners, while sharing revenue generously with an additional employed artist who will help to build the business.

Keys to Success

Keys to success in the tattoo shop business include:

  1. Encouraging repeat customers (collectors) who return again and again for full sessions with artists they love
  2. Making the health and care of customers and tattoos a top priority to ensure the safety of the customers, employees, and business
  3. Working with talented artists and encouraging their expression and freedom
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Company Summary

Tablature Tattoo, to be located in Greenwood, New Jersey within a centrally-located major route strip mall, will be launched in 2010. The business will be founded and run by Jake Hunt, an experienced tattoo artist, and his wife, Julie Hunt, who has retail administrative experience. A second tattoo artist will be hired to expand the options for customers and to make better use of the company’s resources. The business will provide color tattoos both from original designs by the artists and basic public domain designs. Original designs which are considered the best by the artists and the customers will be printed onto t-shirts, posters, and other resale items and sold through the shop as well with Tablature Tattoo branding and signatures by the artists. Customers will include both those new to tattoos and tattoo collectors, all predominantly between the ages of 20 and 40.

Company Ownership

The business is established as a limited liability partnership between Jake and Julie Hunt with 51% ownership by Jake Hunt and 49% ownership by Julie Hunt.

Start-up Summary

Start-up expenses for Tablature Tattoo are limited. Licenses and permits include a building permit for renovation on the space, business licenses, health department permit, occupancy permit, and signage permit. Business cards and flyers include enough business cards for two years for the two tattoo artists and flyers advertising the grand opening to be distributed and posted in the area. Insurance will be secured from Tribal Ink-surance or another tattoo shop insurance provider. This offers liability of $500,000, property of $10,000, and additional insurance for the landlord. Rent is for one month for renovation of the location prior to opening. The location will be in a strip mall in Greenwood and will feature an open space for reception, waiting room and two tattoo stations, a sterilization room, a small office space, and a single bathroom. The owners will seek a space requiring minimal or no renovation to achieve this layout. 

Computer software includes a basic calendar/scheduling program, inventory program, and accounting software (basic QuickBooks). Website development is for the creation of a basic website and grand opening advertisements include small ads in local papers in the weeks preceding the opening. Tattoo supplies include chemicals (sterilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, ointments and soap), paper products, linens, towels, gloves, and skin marking supplies (thermofax, stencil paper, pens, skin scribes).

Assets required include the cash needed to reach cash flow break-even. Start-up inventory includes the inks and dyes needed to stock the store for launch. Other current assets includes a security deposit for the shop location.

Long-term assets include signage for the exterior of the shop, reception area items (a reception desk, chair, laptop, credit card reader, cash register, phone), tattoo station equipment (two tattoo chairs, mirrors, lights, tool box, sharps container, covered trash bin), waiting area furniture (loveseat, coffee table, two binders for flash art), a sound system (speakers and iPod dock), a digital camera, office equipment (printer/scanner/copier, phone), and sterilization room equipment (ultrasonic unit, autoclave, sterilization pouches).

Tattoo parlor business plan, company summary chart image

Start-up
Requirements
Start-up Expenses
Licenses and Permits $2,000
Business Cards and Flyers $1,000
Insurance $1,200
Rent $1,500
Computer Software $500
Website Development $1,000
Grand Opening Advertisements $500
Tattoo Supplies $1,000
Total Start-up Expenses $8,700
Start-up Assets
Cash Required $9,800
Start-up Inventory $2,000
Other Current Assets $1,500
Long-term Assets $5,000
Total Assets $18,300
Total Requirements $27,000

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Products and Services

Tablature Tattoo will provide the following services to customers:

  • Introductory/shop-minimum tattoos
  • Basic tattoos (~1 hour session)
  • Full sessions (2-6 hour sessions)

Introductory tattoos are for those who are new to tattoos. They are basic, small designs by the artists or standard public-domain designs. Custom designs cannot be provided as an introductory tattoo. These tattoos can generally be finished in 45 minutes and with a minimum amount of consultation with the client. For many customers who get a small tattoo, it may be the only tattoo they ever receive. Some do convert to get more tattoos in the future. Those who are more adventurous and who intend to collect tattoos will often choose the other services. The price for an introductory tattoo will be $60 at launch.

Basic tattoos offer some consultation with the client, a wider number of colors, and about an hour of work with an artist. These are not generally custom-designed tattoos, but may include some customization of existing designs. The price for this service will be $100 at launch.

Full sessions allow creative freedom for the artist to create customization of a design or an original design for a customer and freedom for the customer to know that there is a ceiling on the price he or she will pay. The price for these sessions will be $300 at launch.

Clients can view binders of the flash art (photos and images of designs by the artists and public domain designs they can work from) while sitting on the couch in the shop’s waiting area. Julie can discuss options and prices with the customers if the artists are working with customers at the moment.

Tablature Tattoo will also sell branded products in the store with designs created by the shop’s tattoo artists. These include t-shirts, hoodies, bags, caps, posters, and potentially other items. The artists will choose their best and most popular designs four times a year and have runs of these items printed. Short runs will be printed, allowing the business to respond to customer preference based on what sells (both the types of items and the types of designs). The items will be sold for an average of $20, which will vary depending on the type of item. Each item will contain the Tablature Tattoo logo and can be signed by the tattoo artist if desired.

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Market Analysis Summary

Tattoos are no longer sought out only by fringes of the market. A fall 2006 survey by the Pew Research Center found that 36% of Americans aged 18 to 25, and 40% of those ages 26 to 40, have at least one tattoo. In a working-class town like Greenwood, NJ, these numbers may be higher.

Some other statistics about the market:

  • The National Geographic News stated in April 2000 that 15% of all Americans were tattooed (or approximately 40 million people)
  • Esquire Magazine estimated in March 2002 that 1 in 8 Americans (12%) was tattooed.
  • A 2003 Harris Poll found that 16% of all adults have at least one tattoo.
  • The highest incidence of tattoos was found among the gay, lesbian and bisexual population (31%) and among Americans ages 25 to 29 years (36%) and 30 to 39 years (28%). Regionally, people living in the West (20%) are more likely to have tattoos.
  • Democrats are more likely to have tattoos (18%) than Republicans (14%) and Independents (12%) while nearly equal percentages of males (16%) and females (15%) have tattoos.

The market is segmented into:

  • Tattoo newbies or dabblers (those who get one tattoo)
  • Tattoo collectors (those who get numerous tattoos)

Market Segmentation

The market segments in the Greenwood, NJ area include residents of Greenwood and surrounding towns who may travel to Tablature Tattoo. Collectors who like the work of the artists featured at Tablature Tattoo are especially likely to do this, making this number 10,000 individuals.

Tattoo newbies: May seek out a tattoo for the experience of receiving it, to simply say they’ve done it, to commemorate a specific relationship or affiliation, or for the danger associated with it or with those who have tattoos. These individuals may become tattoo collectors, but most simply get one tattoo in their life, especially in their younger years (late teens or twenties). The popularity of tattoos among celebrities also further encourages this group to get tattoos.

Tattoo collectors: This group connects with the lifestyle associated with having tattoos. Many seek to cover large portions of their body with tattoos. This group will appreciate the work of specific artists and seek them out again. This group will seek custom designs, eschew standard, simple designs, and become used to the pain or discomfort involved.

Tattoo parlor business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
Tattoo Newbies 4% 30,000 31,200 32,448 33,746 35,096 4.00%
Tatoo Collectors 4% 10,000 10,400 10,816 11,249 11,699 4.00%
Total 4.00% 40,000 41,600 43,264 44,995 46,795 4.00%

Target Market Segment Strategy

Tablature Tattoo will seek to serve both of these key market segments in order to remain viable. Serving tattoo collectors alone may not yield a large enough market. Furthermore, it is difficult to inspire new tattoo collectors in the area without first serving tattoo newbies with introductory tattoos. The business will seek out both markets by advertising both its introductory designs and the elaborate design work they are capable of. The shop will be appropriate for tattoo collectors, with entertaining music playing and products available for sale.

Service Business Analysis

There are an estimated 20,000+ parlors operating in the United States, according to a U.S. News & World Report article, which said, on the average, an establishment is being added in the country every day. This translates into a tattoo parlor for at least every 10,000 adult Americans. The article ranked tattooing as the sixth fastest growing retail venture of the 1990s, right behind Internet, paging services, bagels, computer and cellular phone service.

Tattoo shops are generally independent ventures run by tattoo artists. Some feature just one artist and some feature a number of them (three or four is common). Generally, tattoo artists do not want to work for owners who are not artists themselves. The artists are generally freelance contractors working on 1099 and controlling their own hours and schedules, which is in keeping with the freedom they desire. However, tattoo studios are under increasing legal pressure from tax authorities to reclassify these artists as employees as most work primarily in one studio. $100 is a standard market rate for one hour with a tattoo artist and the artist generally makes 40-50% of that amount per hour. Customers are attracted through internet advertising and their websites, referrals and word-of-mouth.

In the Greenwood, NJ area, Tablature Tattoo will compete with:

  • Target Tattoo: This shop is located in an area mall and focused on introductory tattoos and short sessions. It features a revolving door of artists, as artists generally have higher aspirations than working at a shop like this. However, its price of $50 for a basic tattoo is competitive.
  • Rat-a-tat-tat: This shop features three successful artists focusing on tribal styles. This limitation of the store gives it a successful niche, but turns away customers who are interested in a wider range of styles.

Competition and Buying Patterns

In choosing between competitors, those seeking tattoos consider:

  • The body of work of the artist – Beginning with the tattoos on the body of the artist (if a customer doesn’t like these designs and the taste of the artist, he or she may have second thoughts) and including the flash art created by the artist
  • Comfort talking to the artist – Customers want to know that their wishes are understood and that the artist will work towards the goal they want and not their own ends.
  • Price – Customers are often bargain hunters, and it is up to the tattoo artist to explain the safety precautions taken and experience he or she has which explains the price charged. When customers understand that a higher price sometimes means no shortcuts are being taken, they may feel more comfortable and price becomes less of a concern. Of these concerns, price is more of a concern for tattoo newbies than collectors.
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Strategy and Implementation Summary

Tablature Tattoo seeks to follow a strategy of appealing to both new tattoo customers and tattoo collectors by creating an environment and products/services desirable to both groups. Through this strategy, the business intends to convert local customers who may only seek one tattoo initially to become repeat customers. The business will do this by:

  • Offering competitively-priced introductory tattoos to encourage “tattoo newbies”
  • Retaining high-quality artists to retain tattoo collectors
  • Offering a wide range of custom designs in different styles to broaden appeal
  • Selling additional products with designs by the tattoo artists to build an additional revenue stream

Competitive Edge

Tablature Tattoo will create a competitive edge through the cultivation and retention of its most valuable assets – its artists. Jake Hunt will be tied to the business as an owner and the second artist will be well rewarded for his or her work through open-ended shares in revenues generated through his or her designed products and commissions on tattoos. By not having to worry about overhead, rent, establishing a brand, purchasing basic supplies, or other business concerns, this will be a perfect situation for a tattoo artist who wants to focus on his or her art, establish job security and establish a client base with limited risk.

Marketing Strategy

The marketing strategy of the business involves marketing to a wide range of potential customers in the Greenwood area. The following tactics will be used prior to launch:

  • Print 1,000 flyers advertising the grand opening of the business to post in the area of the shop, at local establishments and hand out at events and on the street in the preceding week.
  • Create a basic website with contact information and directions, the prices for services, pages with galleries of art of the two artists, and images of products for sale in the shop and prices
  • List the website on search engines, local business databases, tattoo shop databases and the Yellow Pages
  • The principals and additional artist handing out business cards and wearing Tablature Tattoo shirts to promote the opening
  • Running ads in the local papers about the grand opening
  • The artists calling their rolodexes of previous clients (collectors) to tell them about the new business and encourage them to come back

The grand opening, a five-day event, will consist of a promotion giving introductory tattoos at 25% off ($45).

Ongoing marketing work will include:

  • Continuing to hand out business cards
  • Printing flyers periodically promoting discounts and new products and posting them in the area
  • Maintaining the website with new products and art

Sales Strategy

Sales will be encouraged through word-of-mouth. Clients will be given a few business cards to hand out to friends when they talk about their new tattoo and client information will be retained. The artists will also remind customers about products featuring their designs which are being offered and can give these products for discounts or free to collectors who return for a number of tattoos.

Beyond in-store sales efforts, the artists will promote their work at parties, events, and while on the street, by wearing Tablature Tattoo shirts often and handing out business cards to people they meet.

Ensuring health and customer satisfaction will also be a sales strategy. Each customer will be called by the receptionist after a week to check in on how the tattoo is healing and to thank them again.

Sales Forecast

The cost of sales for the services offered is 8% for shop-minimum tattoos, 7% for basic tattoos, and 6% for full sessions, as ink and supplies becomes less of a cost as the longer sessions involve more preliminary design work and less “ink per hour.” Resale items are projected at 40% cost of sales on average. Cost of sales will also include a pamphlet on tattoo care given to each customer. This pamphlet will be purchased from an industry provider.

Resale items are not expected to sell until after tattoo business begins, as buyers will be those who have had tattoos from the artists and appreciate their designs. Full sessions will grow faster than other areas as the artists gain reputation in the community for more elaborate work.

The sales forecast represents an amount of work that is reasonable for two full-time artists, while allowing time for them to work on flash art, create designs for other resale items, and manage and market the business.

Tattoo parlor business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Tattoo parlor business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Unit Sales
Shop-Minimum Tattoos 558 756 794
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) 492 655 688
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) 387 539 577
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) 184 340 357
Total Unit Sales 1,621 2,290 2,416
Unit Prices Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Shop-Minimum Tattoos $60.00 $63.00 $66.15
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) $100.00 $105.00 $110.25
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) $300.00 $315.00 $330.75
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) $20.00 $21.00 $22.05
Sales
Shop-Minimum Tattoos $33,480 $47,628 $52,510
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) $49,200 $68,796 $75,848
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) $116,100 $169,873 $190,853
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) $3,681 $7,137 $7,868
Total Sales $202,461 $293,434 $327,078
Direct Unit Costs Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Shop-Minimum Tattoos $4.80 $5.04 $5.29
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) $7.00 $7.35 $7.72
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) $18.00 $18.90 $19.85
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) $8.00 $8.40 $8.82
Direct Cost of Sales
Shop-Minimum Tattoos $2,678 $3,810 $4,201
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) $3,444 $4,816 $5,309
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) $6,966 $10,192 $11,451
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) $1,472 $2,855 $3,147
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $14,561 $21,673 $24,109

Milestones

The milestones table details the marketing activities described in the marketing strategy summary. These activities are undertaken with a high focus on using low-cost or free marketing methods to promote the launch of the business. Julie Hunt will manage all marketing activities and Jake Hunt will promote the business directly by contacting clients, networking, and posting/handing out flyers and business cards.

Tattoo parlor business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Milestones
Milestone Start Date End Date Budget Manager Department
Print Flyers 2/1/2010 2/15/2010 $500 Julie Marketing
Create Ads 2/1/2010 2/15/2010 $0 Julie Marketing
Create Website 2/1/2010 2/28/2010 $0 Julie Marketing
Print Business Cards 2/1/2010 2/15/2010 $500 Julie Marketing
List Website 3/1/2010 3/15/2010 $1,000 Julie Marketing
Run Ads 3/1/2010 3/15/2010 $500 Julie Marketing
Post Flyers 3/1/2010 3/15/2010 $0 Jake Sales
Heavy Pre-Opening Promotion (Calls and Networking) 3/15/2010 3/21/2010 $0 Jake Sales
Grand Opening 3/22/2010 3/26/2010 $0 Jake & Julie Marketing
Regular Operations Begin 3/29/2010 3/29/2010 $0 Julie Operations
Totals $2,500

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Management Summary

Jake Hunt will be CEO of Tablature Tattoo. He will be responsible for strategy, direct sales efforts, contracting and working with the employed second tattoo artist, and half of the tattoo services provided. He will be the final say on choosing designs for additional products.

Julie Hunt will be operations manager. She will be responsible for managing reception, purchasing supplies and managing inventory, answering phone and email inquiries, marketing efforts, bookkeeping and accounting, payroll, insurance, and other administrative requirements. She will order resale products from suppliers. She will work at the reception desk and in the office of the business as needed. Jake Hunt will fill in at reception when business is slow and Julie needs to work in the office, where the printer/copier is located.

Personnel Plan

Jake and Julie Hunt will both be compensated as employees for their work (Jake as tattoo artist and manager of products and Julie as administrator, financial officer, and head of marketing). Salaries shown for the principals include benefits.

The second tattoo artist brought into the company will start work at part-time hours and move quickly to full-time hours, but will have his or her pay tied directly to services rendered and received 40% commission on tattoos provided and designed products sold. Wages listed below for the second artist are based on an assumption of splitting the tattoo and design work equally between Jake and the second artist.

Jake Hunt will manage this artist and will seek an established artist with a body of work and clientele who values the ability to not have to deal with the overhead and business concerns which the Hunts will handle.

Personnel Plan
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Jake Hunt $49,500 $55,000 $60,500
Julie Hunt $46,200 $49,500 $52,800
Second Artist $40,492 $58,687 $65,416
Total People 3 3 3
Total Payroll $136,192 $163,187 $178,716

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Financial Plan

The financial plan for Tablature Tattoo is to raise $27,000 from a combination of personal savings, a long-term loan, and short-term borrowing to launch the business. The business will achieve cash flow and profit break-even in the seventh month of operation and net profit will be achieved in the first year, allowing for dividends to be paid to the owners beyond their salaries starting in year two.

Start-up Funding

The start-up funding will be primarily from investment by the co-owners and founders, Julie and Jake Hunt, who will each contribute $7,500. They will borrow $2,000 on credit cards and seek a three-year loan of $10,000 for the remaining cash, with their home equity as collateral. This will cover the required $27,000 in funding needed to launch.

Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund $8,700
Start-up Assets to Fund $18,300
Total Funding Required $27,000
Assets
Non-cash Assets from Start-up $8,500
Cash Requirements from Start-up $9,800
Additional Cash Raised $0
Cash Balance on Starting Date $9,800
Total Assets $18,300
Liabilities and Capital
Liabilities
Current Borrowing $2,000
Long-term Liabilities $10,000
Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $0
Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $0
Total Liabilities $12,000
Capital
Planned Investment
Jake Hunt $7,500
Julie Hunt $7,500
Additional Investment Requirement $0
Total Planned Investment $15,000
Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) ($8,700)
Total Capital $6,300
Total Capital and Liabilities $18,300
Total Funding $27,000

Important Assumptions

The table below presents assumptions used in the financial calculations of the business plan.

Break-even Analysis

The monthly break-even is shown below. The units break-even represents an average between the different business services and products and is not as helpful as a target.

Tattoo parlor business plan, financial plan chart image

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Units Break-even 131
Monthly Revenue Break-even $16,386
Assumptions:
Average Per-Unit Revenue $124.90
Average Per-Unit Variable Cost $8.98
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $15,207

Projected Profit and Loss

Gross margins will improve slightly as sales of full sessions increase relative to other services.

The marketing budget includes $150 per month to cover website hosting and maintenance and periodic runs of flyers or new business cards. Depreciation is for the long-term assets of the business over three years. Rent is $1,500 per month and utilities $150 per month (electricity, phone and internet). Insurance is not expected to rise significantly as the business will stay within its insurance bracket during this period. Payroll taxes of 15% and employee benefits of 10% (health insurance) are applied to payroll for the Hunts and the second artist’s wages. Tattoo supplies of $100 per month are anticipated to replenish items purchased before the launch. Inflationary increases are applied to most items and to prices charged to customers.

Tattoo parlor business plan, financial plan chart image

Tattoo parlor business plan, financial plan chart image

Tattoo parlor business plan, financial plan chart image

Tattoo parlor business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $202,461 $293,434 $327,078
Direct Cost of Sales $14,561 $21,673 $24,109
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $14,561 $21,673 $24,109
Gross Margin $187,900 $271,761 $302,970
Gross Margin % 92.81% 92.61% 92.63%
Expenses
Payroll $136,192 $163,187 $178,716
Marketing/Promotion $1,800 $1,890 $1,985
Depreciation $1,866 $2,466 $3,466
Rent $18,000 $18,540 $19,096
Utilities $1,800 $1,854 $1,910
Insurance $1,200 $1,236 $1,273
Payroll Taxes $20,429 $24,478 $26,807
Tattoo Supplies $1,200 $1,200 $1,200
Total Operating Expenses $182,487 $214,851 $234,452
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $5,413 $56,910 $68,517
EBITDA $7,279 $59,376 $71,983
Interest Expense $932 $500 $167
Taxes Incurred $1,344 $16,923 $20,505
Net Profit $3,137 $39,487 $47,846
Net Profit/Sales 1.55% 13.46% 14.63%

Projected Cash Flow

The business will reach cash flow break-even mid-year, and be able to pay dividends in year two while keeping a cash balance of around $20,000 for unexpected needs. The short-term debt will be paid off in the first year and the long-term loan will be paid off over the first three years of operation. Some additional long-term assets (replacements of equipment and additional tools) will be purchased over these years as well.

Tattoo parlor business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $202,461 $293,434 $327,078
Subtotal Cash from Operations $202,461 $293,434 $327,078
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $16,197 $23,475 $26,166
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $218,658 $316,909 $353,245
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $136,192 $163,187 $178,716
Bill Payments $53,597 $89,359 $95,998
Subtotal Spent on Operations $189,790 $252,546 $274,714
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $16,197 $23,475 $26,166
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $2,000 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $3,336 $3,333 $3,331
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $600 $1,200 $1,200
Dividends $0 $30,000 $40,000
Subtotal Cash Spent $211,922 $310,554 $345,411
Net Cash Flow $6,736 $6,355 $7,833
Cash Balance $16,536 $22,891 $30,724

Projected Balance Sheet

The business will create a healthier position as it pays off its long-term and short-term debt, even while accounts payable will increase due to a greater volume of sales.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $16,536 $22,891 $30,724
Inventory $1,624 $2,746 $2,283
Other Current Assets $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Total Current Assets $19,659 $27,136 $34,506
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $5,600 $6,800 $8,000
Accumulated Depreciation $1,866 $4,332 $7,798
Total Long-term Assets $3,734 $2,468 $202
Total Assets $23,393 $29,604 $34,708
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $7,292 $7,349 $7,939
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $7,292 $7,349 $7,939
Long-term Liabilities $6,664 $3,331 $0
Total Liabilities $13,956 $10,680 $7,939
Paid-in Capital $15,000 $15,000 $15,000
Retained Earnings ($8,700) ($35,563) ($36,076)
Earnings $3,137 $39,487 $47,846
Total Capital $9,437 $18,924 $26,770
Total Liabilities and Capital $23,393 $29,604 $34,708
Net Worth $9,437 $18,924 $26,770

Business Ratios

The business ratios here are compared against “other personal care services,” NAICS 812199, which includes tattoo parlors.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth n.a. 44.93% 11.47% -6.55%
Percent of Total Assets
Inventory 6.94% 9.28% 6.58% 3.80%
Other Current Assets 6.41% 5.07% 4.32% 45.54%
Total Current Assets 84.04% 91.66% 99.42% 55.32%
Long-term Assets 15.96% 8.34% 0.58% 44.68%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 31.17% 24.82% 22.87% 20.71%
Long-term Liabilities 28.49% 11.25% 0.00% 74.98%
Total Liabilities 59.66% 36.08% 22.87% 95.69%
Net Worth 40.34% 63.92% 77.13% 4.31%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 92.81% 92.61% 92.63% 75.39%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 91.26% 79.16% 78.00% 30.08%
Advertising Expenses 0.89% 0.64% 0.61% 2.46%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes 2.67% 19.39% 20.95% 6.21%
Main Ratios
Current 2.70 3.69 4.35 1.46
Quick 2.47 3.32 4.06 1.28
Total Debt to Total Assets 59.66% 36.08% 22.87% 95.69%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth 47.49% 298.09% 255.33% 476.96%
Pre-tax Return on Assets 19.16% 190.55% 196.93% 20.53%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin 1.55% 13.46% 14.63% n.a
Return on Equity 33.24% 208.66% 178.73% n.a
Activity Ratios
Inventory Turnover 11.75 9.92 9.59 n.a
Accounts Payable Turnover 8.35 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 30 29 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 8.65 9.91 9.42 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 1.48 0.56 0.30 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 0.52 0.69 1.00 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $12,367 $19,787 $26,568 n.a
Interest Coverage 5.81 113.88 411.39 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.12 0.10 0.11 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 31% 25% 23% n.a
Acid Test 2.47 3.32 4.06 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 21.45 15.51 12.22 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.76 0.84 n.a

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Appendix

Sales Forecast
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Unit Sales
Shop-Minimum Tattoos 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 54 57 60
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 34 36 38 40 42
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) 2 3 5 10 12 16 19 21 21 23 25 27
Total Unit Sales 92 98 105 115 122 131 140 148 154 163 172 181
Unit Prices Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Shop-Minimum Tattoos $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00 $60.00
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00 $100.00
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00 $300.00
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00 $20.00
Sales
Shop-Minimum Tattoos $2,100 $2,220 $2,340 $2,460 $2,580 $2,700 $2,820 $2,940 $3,060 $3,240 $3,420 $3,600
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) $3,000 $3,200 $3,400 $3,600 $3,800 $4,000 $4,200 $4,400 $4,600 $4,800 $5,000 $5,200
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) $7,500 $7,800 $8,100 $8,400 $8,700 $9,000 $9,600 $10,200 $10,800 $11,400 $12,000 $12,600
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) $40 $60 $100 $200 $244 $310 $381 $412 $427 $463 $503 $539
Total Sales $12,640 $13,280 $13,940 $14,660 $15,324 $16,010 $17,001 $17,952 $18,887 $19,903 $20,923 $21,939
Direct Unit Costs Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Shop-Minimum Tattoos 8.00% $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80 $4.80
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) 7.00% $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00 $7.00
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) 6.00% $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00 $18.00
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) 40.00% $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00 $8.00
Direct Cost of Sales
Shop-Minimum Tattoos $168 $178 $187 $197 $206 $216 $226 $235 $245 $259 $274 $288
Basic Tattoos (~1 hour) $210 $224 $238 $252 $266 $280 $294 $308 $322 $336 $350 $364
Full Sessions (2-6 hours) $450 $468 $486 $504 $522 $540 $576 $612 $648 $684 $720 $756
Resale Items (Posters, T-shirts, etc.) $16 $24 $40 $80 $98 $124 $152 $165 $171 $185 $201 $216
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $844 $894 $951 $1,033 $1,092 $1,160 $1,248 $1,320 $1,386 $1,464 $1,545 $1,624
Personnel Plan
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Jake Hunt $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125 $4,125
Julie Hunt $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850 $3,850
Second Artist 0% $2,528 $2,656 $2,788 $2,932 $3,065 $3,202 $3,400 $3,590 $3,777 $3,981 $4,185 $4,388
Total People 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Total Payroll $10,503 $10,631 $10,763 $10,907 $11,040 $11,177 $11,375 $11,565 $11,752 $11,956 $12,160 $12,363

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales $12,640 $13,280 $13,940 $14,660 $15,324 $16,010 $17,001 $17,952 $18,887 $19,903 $20,923 $21,939
Direct Cost of Sales $844 $894 $951 $1,033 $1,092 $1,160 $1,248 $1,320 $1,386 $1,464 $1,545 $1,624
Other $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $844 $894 $951 $1,033 $1,092 $1,160 $1,248 $1,320 $1,386 $1,464 $1,545 $1,624
Gross Margin $11,796 $12,386 $12,989 $13,627 $14,232 $14,850 $15,753 $16,632 $17,502 $18,439 $19,378 $20,316
Gross Margin % 93.32% 93.27% 93.18% 92.95% 92.87% 92.75% 92.66% 92.65% 92.66% 92.64% 92.62% 92.60%
Expenses
Payroll $10,503 $10,631 $10,763 $10,907 $11,040 $11,177 $11,375 $11,565 $11,752 $11,956 $12,160 $12,363
Marketing/Promotion $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150
Depreciation $139 $139 $139 $139 $139 $139 $172 $172 $172 $172 $172 $172
Rent $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Utilities $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150
Insurance $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $1,200
Payroll Taxes 15% $1,575 $1,595 $1,614 $1,636 $1,656 $1,677 $1,706 $1,735 $1,763 $1,793 $1,824 $1,854
Tattoo Supplies $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100
Total Operating Expenses $14,117 $14,265 $14,416 $14,582 $14,735 $14,893 $15,153 $15,372 $15,587 $15,821 $16,056 $17,489
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($2,321) ($1,878) ($1,428) ($955) ($503) ($43) $600 $1,260 $1,914 $2,618 $3,323 $2,826
EBITDA ($2,182) ($1,739) ($1,289) ($816) ($364) $96 $772 $1,432 $2,086 $2,790 $3,495 $2,998
Interest Expense $104 $99 $94 $89 $84 $79 $75 $70 $65 $60 $58 $56
Taxes Incurred ($727) ($593) ($456) ($313) ($176) ($37) $157 $357 $555 $767 $979 $831
Net Profit ($1,697) ($1,384) ($1,065) ($731) ($411) ($85) $367 $833 $1,295 $1,790 $2,285 $1,940
Net Profit/Sales -13.43% -10.42% -7.64% -4.98% -2.68% -0.53% 2.16% 4.64% 6.85% 8.99% 10.92% 8.84%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $12,640 $13,280 $13,940 $14,660 $15,324 $16,010 $17,001 $17,952 $18,887 $19,903 $20,923 $21,939
Subtotal Cash from Operations $12,640 $13,280 $13,940 $14,660 $15,324 $16,010 $17,001 $17,952 $18,887 $19,903 $20,923 $21,939
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 8.00% $1,011 $1,062 $1,115 $1,173 $1,226 $1,281 $1,360 $1,436 $1,511 $1,592 $1,674 $1,755
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $13,651 $14,342 $15,055 $15,833 $16,550 $17,291 $18,361 $19,388 $20,398 $21,495 $22,597 $23,695
Expenditures Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $10,503 $10,631 $10,763 $10,907 $11,040 $11,177 $11,375 $11,565 $11,752 $11,956 $12,160 $12,363
Bill Payments $95 $2,877 $3,649 $4,170 $4,433 $4,623 $4,858 $5,184 $5,463 $5,745 $6,075 $6,425
Subtotal Spent on Operations $10,598 $13,508 $14,412 $15,077 $15,473 $15,800 $16,233 $16,749 $17,216 $17,701 $18,234 $18,788
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $1,011 $1,062 $1,115 $1,173 $1,226 $1,281 $1,360 $1,436 $1,511 $1,592 $1,674 $1,755
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $278 $278 $278 $278 $278 $278 $278 $278 $278 $278 $278 $278
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $12,087 $15,049 $16,005 $16,727 $17,176 $17,559 $18,172 $18,763 $19,305 $19,871 $20,286 $20,921
Net Cash Flow $1,564 ($706) ($950) ($895) ($626) ($268) $190 $625 $1,094 $1,624 $2,311 $2,773
Cash Balance $11,364 $10,657 $9,707 $8,813 $8,187 $7,918 $8,108 $8,733 $9,827 $11,451 $13,762 $16,536

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $9,800 $11,364 $10,657 $9,707 $8,813 $8,187 $7,918 $8,108 $8,733 $9,827 $11,451 $13,762 $16,536
Inventory $2,000 $1,156 $894 $951 $1,033 $1,092 $1,160 $1,248 $1,320 $1,386 $1,464 $1,545 $1,624
Other Current Assets $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Total Current Assets $13,300 $14,020 $13,051 $12,159 $11,346 $10,779 $10,578 $10,856 $11,553 $12,713 $14,416 $16,807 $19,659
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $5,000 $5,100 $5,200 $5,300 $5,400 $5,500 $5,600
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $139 $278 $417 $556 $695 $834 $1,006 $1,178 $1,350 $1,522 $1,694 $1,866
Total Long-term Assets $5,000 $4,861 $4,722 $4,583 $4,444 $4,305 $4,166 $4,094 $4,022 $3,950 $3,878 $3,806 $3,734
Total Assets $18,300 $18,881 $17,773 $16,742 $15,790 $15,084 $14,744 $14,950 $15,575 $16,663 $18,294 $20,613 $23,393
Liabilities and Capital Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $0 $2,756 $3,510 $4,022 $4,279 $4,462 $4,686 $5,002 $5,272 $5,543 $5,862 $6,174 $7,292
Current Borrowing $2,000 $1,800 $1,600 $1,400 $1,200 $1,000 $800 $600 $400 $200 $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $2,000 $4,556 $5,110 $5,422 $5,479 $5,462 $5,486 $5,602 $5,672 $5,743 $5,862 $6,174 $7,292
Long-term Liabilities $10,000 $9,722 $9,444 $9,166 $8,888 $8,610 $8,332 $8,054 $7,776 $7,498 $7,220 $6,942 $6,664
Total Liabilities $12,000 $14,278 $14,554 $14,588 $14,367 $14,072 $13,818 $13,656 $13,448 $13,241 $13,082 $13,116 $13,956
Paid-in Capital $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000
Retained Earnings ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700) ($8,700)
Earnings $0 ($1,697) ($3,081) ($4,146) ($4,877) ($5,288) ($5,373) ($5,006) ($4,173) ($2,878) ($1,088) $1,197 $3,137
Total Capital $6,300 $4,603 $3,219 $2,154 $1,423 $1,012 $927 $1,294 $2,127 $3,422 $5,212 $7,497 $9,437
Total Liabilities and Capital $18,300 $18,881 $17,773 $16,742 $15,790 $15,084 $14,744 $14,950 $15,575 $16,663 $18,294 $20,613 $23,393
Net Worth $6,300 $4,603 $3,219 $2,154 $1,423 $1,012 $927 $1,294 $2,127 $3,422 $5,212 $7,497 $9,437

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