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Scholarship Assist

Executive Summary

ScholarshipAssist assists college-bound students with their search for scholarship money. ScholarshipAssist is able to increase the award amount for students that have a scholarship or can increase the likelihood of a scholarship award for those on the border line of receiving one. ScholarshipAssist maintains an extensive database of available scholarships and offers each client individualized consulting.

Keys to Success
ScholarshipAssist has identified three keys to success which it believes will be instrumental to the health of the organization. The first is the need to offer significant value to the customers. The second is to maintain a 60% success rate for securing scholarships or increasing the amount of the scholarship. The third key is to adhere to strict financial controls.

The Market
ScholarshipAssist has segmented its market into two distinct segments. The first group is sure thing applicants, the market segment that is very likely to receive scholarships. This segment is growing at 10% per year and has 93,000 potential customers. The second group is questionables whose needs will be met by significantly increasing their likelihood of receiving a scholarship through ScholarshipAssist’s guidance. This group has an annual growth rate of 11% with 112,000 potential people.

Management
ScholarshipAssist is being lead by industry veteran Steve Tracker. Steve’s educational credentials include a graduate degree in business from Babson College. He has worked in the financial aid department at Babson college,  Fannie Mae, and Pew Charitable Trust Foundation. Having a well seasoned manager will help ensure success for ScholarshipAssist.

ScholarshipAssist has conservatively forecasted sales of $172,589 for year two, rising to $232,508 by year three. Profitability will increase over the next three years. Through a combination of an innovative business plan in a growing market space and a seasoned manager, ScholarshipAssist will quickly increase market penetration in a very exciting market space.

Scholarship consulting business plan, executive summary chart image

1.1 Mission

The mission of ScholarshipAssist is to help thousands of college students realize their dream of attending college by helping them find scholarships. ScholarshipAssist will aim to maintain 100% customer satisfaction for all clients.

1.2 Objectives

  • Become known as THE resource for scholarship assistance.
  • Reach profitability by the end of year one.
  • Generate yearly sales of $200,000 within three years.

1.3 Keys to Success

  • Offer significant value to clients by having a comprehensive database of scholarships and useful application information.
  • Help at least 60% of the clients secure significant scholarships.
  • Maintain strict financial controls.

Company Summary

ScholarshipAssist has been founded on the idea that there are a wealth of scholarships available to students that few are aware of. By becoming professionals in this arena, ScholarshipAssist can generate significant profit while helping clients make college a reality. ScholarshipAssist has chosen Boston as its headquarters because of the huge pool of students in town including but not limited to Tufts, M.I.T., Harvard, Boston College, and the University of Massachusetts.

2.1 Company Ownership

ScholarshipAssist is a Massachusetts L.L.C. with Steve Tracker as the main shareholder.

2.2 Start-up Summary

ScholarshipAssist will require the following start-up equipment/expenses:

  • Assorted office furniture for four work spaces, including desk, chair, light, computer;
  • Computer server with laser printer, broadband Internet connection, fax machine;
  • Assorted furniture for the waiting room;
  • Legal consultation for the business organization formation, review of contracts, etc.;
  • Business consultation – this service will be a fairly broad area of consulting from HR to marketing.
Scholarship consulting business plan, company summary chart image

Start-up
Requirements
Start-up Expenses
Legal $3,000
Stationery etc. $300
Brochures $350
Consultants $2,000
Rent $1,000
Research and Development $4,000
Expensed Equipment $700
Total Start-up Expenses $11,350
Start-up Assets
Cash Required $22,350
Other Current Assets $1,300
Long-term Assets $10,000
Total Assets $33,650
Total Requirements $45,000
Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund $11,350
Start-up Assets to Fund $33,650
Total Funding Required $45,000
Assets
Non-cash Assets from Start-up $11,300
Cash Requirements from Start-up $22,350
Additional Cash Raised $0
Cash Balance on Starting Date $22,350
Total Assets $33,650
Liabilities and Capital
Liabilities
Current Borrowing $0
Long-term Liabilities $0
Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $0
Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $0
Total Liabilities $0
Capital
Planned Investment
Investor 1 $45,000
Other $0
Additional Investment Requirement $0
Total Planned Investment $45,000
Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) ($11,350)
Total Capital $33,650
Total Capital and Liabilities $33,650
Total Funding $45,000

Services

ScholarshipAssist offers college scholarship assistance to college students. There are many scholarships available that would help make college affordable for most people.

Unlike loans which require repayment, scholarships are “gifts” that generally do not need to be repaid. Many scholarships have initial prerequisites as well as performance requirements for the recipient while they are in school receiving aid.

Some scholarships have initial prerequisites such as financial need, aptitude/scholastic performance, ethnicity, association membership, etc. Many of the scholarships also have performance benchmarks that must be met while the person is receiving the aid such as a certain grade point average, avoiding academic probation, etc.

Each organization that offers scholarships have their own requirements and these requirements are at the discretion of each organization.

There are thousands of scholarships available that the potential applicants are not aware of. This is where ScholarshipAssist offers value. Their two primary services are:

  • Provide the client with a list of possible scholarships from ScholarshipAssist’s master database that would be the most likely options. This database is a collection of many different available scholarships, a list that ScholarshipAssist has spent countless hours researching and continually updates.
  • Increase the likelihood that the client receives a scholarship for each one that they apply to. By leveraging ScholarshipAssist’s knowledge of how scholarship recipients are chosen and passing this information on to its clients, it increases the strength of its clients application. ScholarshipAssist is also able to offer individualized suggestions specific to the different scholarships.

ScholarshipAssist fee structure is based on an incentivized performance compensation model where it gets paid if it successfully helps the client realize the scholarship. This is the proper fee model because it forces ScholarshipAssist to perform and it encourages many potential customers to sign up since payment is contingent on them getting money, a win-win situation.

Market Analysis Summary

ScholarshipAssist has identified two customer segments that it will attempt to convert to customers. The first segment are “sure thing” customers, those that are likely to get a scholarship generally due to their circumstances, whether economic or performance based. The second market segment is the “questionables” who are on the fringe for getting a scholarship but need ScholarshipAssist’s help.

Both of these segments, if they are going to rely on outside help to attempt to secure a scholarship, will generally use a career services person, either at their high school or at the college to help assist them with this process.

While the career services can be helpful, the students must be aware of the fact that the career service person helps a lot of different people thereby making the time they can spend with each student fairly small. Additionally, the person has no financial incentive in securing a scholarship and they have a limited amount of time to commit to each student.

There are no direct competitors for this type of service. Each career service department maintains a list of possible scholarships, however, it is not exhaustive nor updated often. There are a few websites that maintain a list of possible scholarships. These lists can be helpful, however the clients do not receive any individual attention or consulting for which scholarships to apply for and how they can strengthen their application.

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4.1 Market Segmentation

ScholarshipAssist has segmented the market into two distinct segments:

Sure thing customers
These people are likely to secure some sort of scholarship for a variety of reasons. This group is using ScholarshipAssist’s services as a way of increasing the amount that they would receive from a scholarship or the number of scholarships that they receive. Demographic information is as follows:

  • If their likelihood of getting a scholarship is based on academic performance, this segment has SAT scores of >1100.
  • If their likelihood of getting a scholarship is need based, their household income is >$30,000.
  • Are fairly sophisticated regarding the college education process.
  • Are definitely going to college but would like to minimize the expense of their education as much as possible.

Questionables
This market segment is trying to make college a reality by securing a scholarship. The category is called questionables not because they are questionable about going to school, but because they are on the border line for receiving a scholarship. This group is therefore using the ScholarshipAssist’s services to secure a scholarship thereby making a college education affordable. Demographic information is as follows:

  • If they are need based applicants, their household income is >$50,000.
  • SAT scores of <1000.
  • Recognize that they need help in securing a scholarship. They may or may not have spent time doing research on their own.
Scholarship consulting business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
Sure Things 10% 93,098 102,408 112,649 123,914 136,305 10.00%
Questionables 11% 112,343 124,139 137,174 151,577 167,493 10.50%
Total 10.27% 205,441 226,547 249,823 275,491 303,798 10.27%

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

While ScholarshipAssist will be using the same media outlets for its advertising campaign, it will have different ads tailored for the different segments. One set of ads emphasizes the ability for ScholarshipAssist to secure larger amounts of assistance for each student. These ads will appeal to students who are highly likely to get a scholarship and will be lured to use ScholarshipAssist through the prospect of increased grant aid.

4.3 Service Business Analysis

There is not a large industry built around scholarship assistance currently. This can be explained by the fact that much of the help comes from career service counselors whether at the college or high school level. They do an adequate job, especially in light of the limited time and resources that they have. Within the last four years the industry has seen the emergence of several firms that offer a database of available scholarships on the Internet. These firms are more a list of resources as opposed to a company that offers individualized assistance.

4.3.1 Competition and Buying Patterns

ScholarshipAssist does not have any direct competition, however, there are several different companies working in the same space.

  • Guidance school counselors. While these people do not charge for the offered services, they are hired by the school or district to assist the kids, they do provide similar services to what ScholarshipAssist does.
  • Internet-based databases. There are several firms that offers lists of scholarships via their website.
  • Individual consultants. There are some consultants that offer their services one on one to clients, but they are priced out of the range of most students.

Students are generally price sensitive. This means that they will often forgo a service provider or chose the least expensive one. ScholarshipAssist’s fees are billed on a contingency basis; they are only paid if they perform.

Strategy and Implementation Summary

ScholarshipAssist’s strategy will be based on raising awareness of its services as well as educating prospective clients on the effectiveness of its services. The effectiveness of ScholarshipAssist’s services is its competitive edge. It has the ability, because of a variety of factors, including extensive research, and industry insight, to show people the money.

The marketing campaign will educate students about the services offered, both the extensive database as well as the individualized counseling. The sales strategy will be based on the conversion of qualified leads into customers based on ScholarshipAssist effectiveness of getting scholarships for students who would not otherwise get any awards or increasing the award amount for those that would otherwise receive something less.

5.1 Competitive Edge

ScholarshipAssist’s competitive edge is its effectiveness to either secure scholarships for students or to increase the amount that the student would otherwise be able to do. ScholarshipAssist’s effectiveness percentage is forecasted to be 60% (and has been in limited number trials). This will be accomplished due to their extensive research that is completed on an ongoing basis as well as its wealth of industry knowledge. It is the industry knowledge (detailed in the Management Summary section) that allows it to be so effective, it knows how the industry works and what needs to be done to win scholarships for students.

5.2 Marketing Strategy

ScholarshipAssist’s marketing strategy is a strategic program designed to raise awareness among the two different student target groups regarding the services offered by ScholarshipAssist and how valuable it could be to the students. This will certainly be a challenging task since the services that ScholarshipAssist offers are a relatively new service offering. In the past the students got this type of help, albeit of lower quality and specificity from career counselors provided by the schools.

The marketing effort will utilize both advertisements and a word of mouth grass roots campaign to accomplish their goals. The advertisements will be placed in several local magazines whose readership is similar to ScholarshipAssist’s target demographic. The basic message that will be communicated is simply put that students can get far larger awards for scholarships if they use ScholarshipAssist’s help. Prominent in the advertisements will be its claim that ScholarshipAssist has a 60% success rate in helping secure scholarships or securing more out of a scholarship than if the student proceeded alone. The grass roots campaign will rely on two efforts: 1) a referral system, 2) student representatives that are “cheerleaders” for the service. This should be effective since the students are making the pitch to their peers and they already have a trust relationship with these people so what they say holds more weight.

5.3 Sales Strategy

ScholarshipAssist’s sales campaign will have the objective of making conversions of qualified leads into paying customers. The target customer is a qualified lead if they recognize the need for the services and have to some degree sought out help from ScholarshipAssist. The conversion process should not be that difficult for two main reasons. The first reason is its high success rate. The success rate would be even higher but for the reality that some students are not meet the criteria for scholarships – either they do not have the scholastic ability or economic factors are not in their favor. The second issue that should make the conversion relatively easy is the fact that the students use ScholarshipAssist’s services risk free – they pay nothing unless they are awarded a scholarship. The agreement is not exclusive, meaning the students are free to utilize other services and they do not have to pay for ScholarshipAssist’s services unless they perform.

5.3.1 Sales Forecast

The first few months will be fairly slow in terms of sales. This forecast is normal for two reasons. The first is the fact that ScholarshipAssist is a start-up organization and it takes time to build awareness, goodwill, and a client base for the business. The second explanation is the process for applying for scholarships is seasonal. It is not until April or May that students become more aggressive in securing plans for college.

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The revenue stream that ScholarshipAssist receives is based on a percentage of the scholarship that is received by the student. ScholarshipAssist will receive a 6% commission on the money that it obtains for the students. This will have a positive impact on sales as there is a direct incentive to raise as much money for each student. ScholarshipAssist believes these sales forecasts to be reasonably conservative based on several factors. The first factor is the fact that Boston has a very large student population with so many different colleges and universities, some extremely desirable for people to attend. This provides ScholarshipAssist with a huge market. The second factor is that as students become increasingly more busy with extracurricular activities and work, they have less and less time to spend on the college entrance process. With less time and more money (the last two years has seen the highest percentage of students working in over 30 years) students were willing to pay someone else to accomplish tasks that they once had the time and desire to do.

Scholarship consulting business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Scholarship consulting business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales
Sure Things $46,454 $89,890 $121,098
Questionables $42,738 $82,699 $111,410
Total Sales $89,192 $172,589 $232,508
Direct Cost of Sales Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sure Things $6,504 $12,585 $16,954
Questionables $5,983 $11,578 $15,597
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $12,487 $24,162 $32,551

5.4 Milestones

  1. Completion of business plan;
  2. Profitability;
  3. Monthly revenue exceeding $15,000.
Milestones
Milestone Start Date End Date Budget Manager Department
Completion of business plan 1/1/2003 2/15/2003 $0 Steve Strategic
Profitability 1/1/2003 9/30/2003 $0 Steve Operations
Monthly rev $15,000 1/1/2003 2/1/2004 $0 Steve Operations
Totals $0

Web Plan Summary

ScholarshipAssist will have a website as a way to disseminate information to prospective customers. A website is a very cost effective means for broadcasting information because it allows people to browse the material at their own leisure at whatever time is convenient for them. It also allows them to answer their questions without much help from ScholarshipAssist.  Without the website the company would be overwhelmed with phone calls requiring more and more hours of ScholarshipAssist employees. The site will present people with a list of offered services, case studies of helped clients, and accomplishments of the firm.

6.1 Website Marketing Strategy

ScholarshipAssist is well aware of the fact that just because a company has a website does not mean that is any value since nobody might be visiting it. With this in mind, ScholarshipAssist will work hard to increase traffic on the site. All of the printed material that ScholarshipAssist uses will make reference to the site and encourage visitors. ScholarshipAssist will also be diligent in website submission. This is extremely important so that if a student is looking for these types of services but is not familiar with ScholarshipAssist specifically, they will still be hooked up with ScholarshipAssist.

6.2 Development Requirements

Development of the site will be handled by M.I.T. computer science students who are generally quite effective, yet work at below market rates.

Management Summary

Steve Tracker, the founder and president brings a wealth of skills and experience to the leadership role at ScholarshipAssist.

Steve received his undergraduate and graduate (MBA) degrees at Babson College in Wellesley. After his schooling, Steve went to work at Babson in their financial aid department for two years.

After Babson he went to work for Fannie Mae. At Fannie Mae Steve was a project manager in the risk assessment group. In this group, Steve was instrumental in developing formulas to assess the lending risk for clients.

Through networking contacts, Steve received a fantastic offer to come and work at the Pew Charitable Trust Foundation, the second largest scholarship fund in the USA. It was quite an honor to receive an offer at such a well respected organization that he immediately accepted the job. Steve spent six years at Pew learning every detail regarding how Pew selected recipients for their scholarships.

After four years at Pew, Steve had a seed planted in the back of his mind that some day soon he would like to start his own venture. With this in mind Steve continued to work hard at Pew, learning everything he could while networking at the same time. After 14 months, Steve began to work on a business plan for a company that leveraged his intricate knowledge regarding scholarship awards.

7.1 Personnel Plan

ScholarshipAssist has forecasted the need for a total of four employees for the first couple of years. The following bullets indicate the different employees. Please review the following chart for financial information regarding the personnel plan:

  • Steve: operations, marketing, some financials, business development.
  • Researcher: this position will be responsible for the development and maintenance of the scholarship database.
  • Account manager (2): these position are responsible for the bulk of interactions between ScholarshipAssist and clients. These employees will ensure the complete satisfaction of the clients, servicing them in any way needed.
Personnel Plan
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Steve $24,000 $30,000 $40,000
Researcher $16,500 $22,000 $26,000
Account Manager $13,500 $22,000 $26,000
Account Manager $13,500 $22,000 $26,000
Total People 4 4 4
Total Payroll $67,500 $96,000 $118,000

Financial Plan

The following sections will outline important financial information.

8.1 Important Assumptions

The following table details important Financial Assumptions.

General Assumptions
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Plan Month 1 2 3
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0

8.2 Break-even Analysis

The Break-even Analysis is shown below.

Scholarship consulting business plan, financial plan chart image

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Revenue Break-even $9,460
Assumptions:
Average Percent Variable Cost 14%
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $8,136

8.3 Projected Profit and Loss

The following table will indicate Projected Profit and Loss.

Scholarship consulting business plan, financial plan chart image

Scholarship consulting business plan, financial plan chart image

Scholarship consulting business plan, financial plan chart image

Scholarship consulting business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $89,192 $172,589 $232,508
Direct Cost of Sales $12,487 $24,162 $32,551
Other Costs of Sales $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $12,487 $24,162 $32,551
Gross Margin $76,705 $148,426 $199,957
Gross Margin % 86.00% 86.00% 86.00%
Expenses
Payroll $67,500 $96,000 $118,000
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $4,200 $5,500 $6,000
Depreciation $2,004 $2,004 $2,004
Rent $7,200 $7,200 $7,200
Utilities $2,400 $2,400 $2,400
Insurance $2,400 $2,400 $2,400
Payroll Taxes $10,125 $14,400 $17,700
Other $1,800 $1,800 $1,800
Total Operating Expenses $97,629 $131,704 $157,504
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($20,924) $16,722 $42,453
EBITDA ($18,920) $18,726 $44,457
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $5,017 $12,736
Net Profit ($20,924) $11,706 $29,717
Net Profit/Sales -23.46% 6.78% 12.78%

8.4 Projected Cash Flow

The following table and chart will indicate Projected Cash Flow.

Scholarship consulting business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $89,192 $172,589 $232,508
Subtotal Cash from Operations $89,192 $172,589 $232,508
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $89,192 $172,589 $232,508
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $67,500 $96,000 $118,000
Bill Payments $36,201 $62,122 $81,151
Subtotal Spent on Operations $103,701 $158,122 $199,151
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $103,701 $158,122 $199,151
Net Cash Flow ($14,509) $14,467 $33,357
Cash Balance $7,841 $22,308 $55,665

8.5 Projected Balance Sheet

The following table will indicate the Projected Balance Sheet.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $7,841 $22,308 $55,665
Other Current Assets $1,300 $1,300 $1,300
Total Current Assets $9,141 $23,608 $56,965
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $10,000 $10,000 $10,000
Accumulated Depreciation $2,004 $4,008 $6,012
Total Long-term Assets $7,996 $5,992 $3,988
Total Assets $17,137 $29,600 $60,953
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $4,411 $5,168 $6,804
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $4,411 $5,168 $6,804
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $4,411 $5,168 $6,804
Paid-in Capital $45,000 $45,000 $45,000
Retained Earnings ($11,350) ($32,274) ($20,568)
Earnings ($20,924) $11,706 $29,717
Total Capital $12,726 $24,432 $54,149
Total Liabilities and Capital $17,137 $29,600 $60,953
Net Worth $12,726 $24,432 $54,149

8.6 Business Ratios

The following table indicates important Business Ratios for both ScholarshipAssist as well as the industry as a whole. Please note that any material variances between ScholarshipAssist’s ratios and the industry rations can be explained by the fact that the services offered by ScholarshipAssist are quite new and are not duplicated by others therefore it is reasonable to expect that the ratios are not always consistent with the industry as a whole.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 0.00% 93.50% 34.72% 8.15%
Percent of Total Assets
Other Current Assets 7.59% 4.39% 2.13% 35.03%
Total Current Assets 53.34% 79.76% 93.46% 55.79%
Long-term Assets 46.66% 20.24% 6.54% 44.21%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 25.74% 17.46% 11.16% 25.11%
Long-term Liabilities 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 22.00%
Total Liabilities 25.74% 17.46% 11.16% 47.11%
Net Worth 74.26% 82.54% 88.84% 52.89%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 100.00%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 109.46% 79.22% 73.22% 77.99%
Advertising Expenses 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 1.85%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes -23.46% 9.69% 18.26% 3.35%
Main Ratios
Current 2.07 4.57 8.37 1.73
Quick 2.07 4.57 8.37 1.30
Total Debt to Total Assets 25.74% 17.46% 11.16% 59.92%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth -164.42% 68.45% 78.40% 6.16%
Pre-tax Return on Assets -122.10% 56.50% 69.65% 15.38%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin -23.46% 6.78% 12.78% n.a
Return on Equity -164.42% 47.91% 54.88% n.a
Activity Ratios
Accounts Payable Turnover 9.21 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 28 26 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 5.20 5.83 3.81 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 0.35 0.21 0.13 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 1.00 1.00 1.00 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $4,730 $18,440 $50,161 n.a
Interest Coverage 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.19 0.17 0.26 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 26% 17% 11% n.a
Acid Test 2.07 4.57 8.37 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 7.01 7.06 4.29 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a

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Appendix

Sales Forecast
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales
Sure Things 0% $0 $0 $878 $2,132 $3,323 $4,234 $4,989 $5,234 $5,565 $5,989 $6,343 $7,767
Questionables 0% $0 $0 $808 $1,961 $3,057 $3,895 $4,590 $4,815 $5,120 $5,510 $5,836 $7,146
Total Sales $0 $0 $1,686 $4,093 $6,380 $8,129 $9,579 $10,049 $10,685 $11,499 $12,179 $14,913
Direct Cost of Sales Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sure Things $0 $0 $123 $298 $465 $593 $698 $733 $779 $838 $888 $1,087
Questionables $0 $0 $113 $275 $428 $545 $643 $674 $717 $771 $817 $1,000
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $0 $0 $236 $573 $893 $1,138 $1,341 $1,407 $1,496 $1,610 $1,705 $2,088
Personnel Plan
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Steve 0% $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Researcher 0% $0 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Account Manager 0% $0 $0 $0 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Account Manager 0% $0 $0 $0 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Total People 1 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Total Payroll $2,000 $3,500 $3,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500

General Assumptions
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Plan Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales $0 $0 $1,686 $4,093 $6,380 $8,129 $9,579 $10,049 $10,685 $11,499 $12,179 $14,913
Direct Cost of Sales $0 $0 $236 $573 $893 $1,138 $1,341 $1,407 $1,496 $1,610 $1,705 $2,088
Other Costs of Sales $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $0 $0 $236 $573 $893 $1,138 $1,341 $1,407 $1,496 $1,610 $1,705 $2,088
Gross Margin $0 $0 $1,450 $3,520 $5,487 $6,991 $8,238 $8,642 $9,189 $9,889 $10,474 $12,825
Gross Margin % 0.00% 0.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00% 86.00%
Expenses
Payroll $2,000 $3,500 $3,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350
Depreciation $167 $167 $167 $167 $167 $167 $167 $167 $167 $167 $167 $167
Rent $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600
Utilities $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200
Insurance $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200
Payroll Taxes 15% $300 $525 $525 $975 $975 $975 $975 $975 $975 $975 $975 $975
Other $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150
Total Operating Expenses $3,967 $5,692 $5,692 $9,142 $9,142 $9,142 $9,142 $9,142 $9,142 $9,142 $9,142 $9,142
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($3,967) ($5,692) ($4,242) ($5,622) ($3,655) ($2,151) ($904) ($500) $47 $747 $1,332 $3,683
EBITDA ($3,800) ($5,525) ($4,075) ($5,455) ($3,488) ($1,984) ($737) ($333) $214 $914 $1,499 $3,850
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Net Profit ($3,967) ($5,692) ($4,242) ($5,622) ($3,655) ($2,151) ($904) ($500) $47 $747 $1,332 $3,683
Net Profit/Sales 0.00% 0.00% -251.65% -137.33% -57.29% -26.46% -9.44% -4.97% 0.44% 6.50% 10.93% 24.70%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $0 $0 $1,686 $4,093 $6,380 $8,129 $9,579 $10,049 $10,685 $11,499 $12,179 $14,913
Subtotal Cash from Operations $0 $0 $1,686 $4,093 $6,380 $8,129 $9,579 $10,049 $10,685 $11,499 $12,179 $14,913
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 0.00% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $0 $0 $1,686 $4,093 $6,380 $8,129 $9,579 $10,049 $10,685 $11,499 $12,179 $14,913
Expenditures Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $2,000 $3,500 $3,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500 $6,500
Bill Payments $60 $1,808 $2,033 $2,287 $3,059 $3,376 $3,620 $3,818 $3,885 $3,975 $4,088 $4,193
Subtotal Spent on Operations $2,060 $5,308 $5,533 $8,787 $9,559 $9,876 $10,120 $10,318 $10,385 $10,475 $10,588 $10,693
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $2,060 $5,308 $5,533 $8,787 $9,559 $9,876 $10,120 $10,318 $10,385 $10,475 $10,588 $10,693
Net Cash Flow ($2,060) ($5,308) ($3,847) ($4,694) ($3,179) ($1,747) ($541) ($269) $300 $1,024 $1,591 $4,220
Cash Balance $20,290 $14,983 $11,135 $6,442 $3,263 $1,516 $975 $706 $1,006 $2,030 $3,621 $7,841
Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $22,350 $20,290 $14,983 $11,135 $6,442 $3,263 $1,516 $975 $706 $1,006 $2,030 $3,621 $7,841
Other Current Assets $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300 $1,300
Total Current Assets $23,650 $21,590 $16,283 $12,435 $7,742 $4,563 $2,816 $2,275 $2,006 $2,306 $3,330 $4,921 $9,141
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $167 $334 $501 $668 $835 $1,002 $1,169 $1,336 $1,503 $1,670 $1,837 $2,004
Total Long-term Assets $10,000 $9,833 $9,666 $9,499 $9,332 $9,165 $8,998 $8,831 $8,664 $8,497 $8,330 $8,163 $7,996
Total Assets $33,650 $31,423 $25,949 $21,934 $17,074 $13,728 $11,814 $11,106 $10,670 $10,803 $11,660 $13,084 $17,137
Liabilities and Capital Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $0 $1,740 $1,958 $2,186 $2,946 $3,256 $3,493 $3,689 $3,753 $3,839 $3,949 $4,041 $4,411
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $0 $1,740 $1,958 $2,186 $2,946 $3,256 $3,493 $3,689 $3,753 $3,839 $3,949 $4,041 $4,411
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $0 $1,740 $1,958 $2,186 $2,946 $3,256 $3,493 $3,689 $3,753 $3,839 $3,949 $4,041 $4,411
Paid-in Capital $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000 $45,000
Retained Earnings ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350) ($11,350)
Earnings $0 ($3,967) ($9,659) ($13,901) ($19,523) ($23,178) ($25,329) ($26,233) ($26,733) ($26,686) ($25,939) ($24,607) ($20,924)
Total Capital $33,650 $29,683 $23,991 $19,749 $14,127 $10,472 $8,321 $7,417 $6,917 $6,964 $7,711 $9,043 $12,726
Total Liabilities and Capital $33,650 $31,423 $25,949 $21,934 $17,074 $13,728 $11,814 $11,106 $10,670 $10,803 $11,660 $13,084 $17,137
Net Worth $33,650 $29,683 $23,991 $19,749 $14,127 $10,472 $8,321 $7,417 $6,917 $6,964 $7,711 $9,043 $12,726