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Blue Sky Satellite Communications

Executive Summary

Introduction

Blue Sky Satellite Communications CC (Blue Sky) is a communications solutions and satellite service provider in Africa with its operations base in South Africa. The company provides both satellite phones and terminals plus airtime packages customized to the client’s needs.

By focusing on its strengths, its key customers, and the underlying values they need, and the introduction of broadband technology, Blue Sky Satellite Communications will meet the following goals: increase sales to more than $20 million in three years, improving the gross margin on sales to greater than 30%, and improve inventory turnover to eight turns by Year 3.

This business plan leads the way. It renews our vision and strategic focus of adding value to our target market segments: the corporate business and high-end home office users, in our horizontal market. It also provides the step-by-step plan for improving our sales, gross margin, and profitability.

The Company

In 1996, Pedro M G Camacho started “Hyper Parts Com Division” after purchasing a satellite phone from COMSAT. He was so impressed with its abilities and potential that he decided to start his own satellite communications company. In 1998, the firm changed its name to Blue Sky Satellite Communications. It has since had two good years of legal trade, with the prospect of enormous growth. As Pedro saw Inmarsat as a niche market and reacted well to it, the same outlook has been given to VSAT, as it is the next logical step in the development of the satellite communications industry.

Blue Sky Satellite Communications is built on the assumption that the management of satellite technology and the development of broadband services will be the most important step in communication since the invention of the telephone. As a service provider for Inmarsat and VSAT services, we have placed our selves at the forefront of  the most unconnected continent in the world, Africa. Our goal is to create as many links in Africa in the shortest space of time. This is to be achieved by partnering up with local telecommunication companies, be they private or government run.

In order to implement our goals we will focus on the following keys to success; increase Inmarsat airtime usage, develop the VSAT market, increase marketing in Africa, outsource quality services, introduce better value-added services to end user, and maintain and increase customer services.

Blue Sky Satellite Communications is located in Bedfordview,South Africa. It is only 15 minutes from the Johanessburg International Airport, and 15 minutes from Sandton, a suburb of Johanessburg.

The firm presently consists of 4 employees under 1 director. In the near future, the company plans to increase the company size by at least 20 people. The main additions will be in sales personnel, in-house customer support which would run constantly (24-7), and a technical support department. Marketing and promotions are outsourced to specialized firms.

We source our product from different Land Earth Stations and various equipment manufactures. In most cases, we deal directly with the manufacturer and service supplier.

The Market

The growth in the use of the Internet for sending messages and other information has made our products and services one of the most sought after commodities around. With the advent of broadband, we expect the growth to be exponential, more and more people and corporations will invest in faster and better communications systems to make them more productive and to show a better bottom line.

The satellite services market is worth an estimated $12 billion in Year 1 for the African and Middle east markets, and there is a projected growth of 20% per year. Blue Sky aims to tap into this market, and expects to be able to capture a 10-20% market share.

The projected market growth for the Telecom’s industry has been one of the most highlighted aspects of new business in the marketplace today. With the coming of age of the new broadband services and the privatization of many Telecom companies (which were previously run by the government), we see that growth is going to far surpass any projection that has been made in the past.

We shall provide our customers with systems that allow them to become more productive through offering two types of hardware. Inmarsat products, such as the Mini-M Sat Phone and the M4 Global Area Network terminal, are poised to maintain a growth pattern over the next 24 months. The re-launch of the Iridium product will also impact the market, and we are in good position to take advantage of this opportunity. The VSAT market has just appeared last year, and the sentiment is that it will grow even further in Year 1 and Year 2.

Blue Sky has a number of local competitors. They provide us with the ongoing determination for the provision of better customer relations. We learn from their mistakes, and have kept a good relationship with them.These companies are : African Satellite Corporation, Pertec International, Grintek Telecom, and Station Africa. In order to successfully compete with these companies Blue Sky has focused on the future trends in the industry to position itself to become the dominate company in this industry. Some of the most important trends are:

To maintain the recurring monthly income in top form, all customers will require maximum attention through strong customer service. The customer service center and the Internet interactive chat will account for many of the solutions offered to customers for fast service.

The most obvious and important trend in the market is declining prices. This has been true for years, but the trend seems to be accelerating. We see the major manufacturers and suppliers putting systems together with amazing specs–more power, more speed, and more bandwidth.   

Another trend is ever-greater connectivity. Everybody wants to get onto the Internet, and every small office wants a LAN. A lot of small offices want their LAN connected to the Internet. It will be the challenge of Blue Sky to offer customized service packages with all the desired features at a competitive price.

The company is focusing on the small and large businesses that need a wide variety of services packages that have lower costs per airtime than other competitors.

Strategy and Implementation

  1. We aim to emphasize service and support. Blue Sky does not just sell the service to the client and leave it at that. We will communicate with the client on an ongoing basis with important information about the product or service which has been delivered.
  2. We aim to build a long-term relationship with the customer. As recurring income is the aim of this business, we need to maintain as many clients as is possible. This means that we have to have constant contact with our clients. This is achieved by sending out newsletters and emails so that they are kept up-to-date with all that is happening in the marketplace.
  3. Focus on target markets. Having a goal and focus on a certain market segment will make Blue Sky successful. As we have been in the business for many years, we understand the constant changes in requirements, and, due to a lean management structure, we are able to make the required decisions on new markets rather quickly and efficiently. This then lends itself to have the necessary focus on the market segment as its’ needs change.
  4. Differentiate and fulfill the promise. We aim to be different from other service providers. We want to be the household name in Africa when it comes to satellite services of any sort. We want to provide pre-paid services and rural telephony and get involved in the education of the users and sub-users of our products. We want to meet all our promises and go the extra mile for those who need it most.

Financial Projections

The company expects to earn $62.2 million by year three with a gross margin of 31.7%. Controlled SG&A costs will create a very strong net margin. Over the next three years, the company will be investing $6.2 million in further long-term assets in order to achieve a regional presence in Africa.

1.1 Mission

Blue Sky Satellite Communications is built on the assumption that the management of satellite technology and the development of broadband services will be the most important step in communication since the invention of the telephone. As a service provider for Inmarsat and VSAT services, we have placed our selves at the forefront of  the most unconnected continent in the world, Africa. Our goal is to create as many links in Africa in the shortest space of time. This is to be achieved by partnering up with local telecommunication companies, be they private or government run. In so doing, we can offer all our customers the most legal route to high quality communication wherever they are.

Blue Sky Satellite Communications, bringing satellite communications down to earth.

1.2 Keys to Success

  1. Increase Inmarsat airtime usage.
  2. Develop the VSAT market.
  3. Increase marketing in Africa.
  4. Outsource quality services.
  5. Introduce better value-added services to end user.
  6. Maintain and increase customer services.

1.3 Objectives

  1. Sales increasing to more than $20 million by the third year.
  2. Bring gross margin up to above 30%, and maintain that level.
  3. Sell $4 million of service, support, and training by Year 2.
  4. Improve inventory turnover to six turns next year, seven in Year 2, and eight in Year 3.
Satellite communications business plan, executive summary chart image

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Company Summary

Blue Sky is an Inmarsat-based company with a new focus for the broadband market and is well position so to be able to fulfill this objective. By means of marketing during the previous two years, Blue Sky was able to expand its market share by 20%. We plan on improving on this figure in Year 1.

2.1 Company Ownership

Blue Sky was legally registered in 1998 when it became apparent that it had grown too much to continue to be overlooked by the authorities. It was the foresight of Pedro M G Camacho, the sole owner and only member of the corporation, to start offering Inmarsat services in 1996.

2.2 Company History

In 1996, Pedro M G Camacho contacted COMSAT in the USA for the purchase of a satellite phone, via the Internet. The said phone was sent and two weeks later he was contacted by COMSAT. It was then that “Hyper Parts Com Division” came into being. In 1998, it changed its name to Blue Sky Satellite Communications. It has since had two good years of legal trade, with the prospect of enormous growth. As Pedro saw Inmarsat as a niche market and reacted well to it, the same outlook has been given to VSAT, it is the next logical step in the equation. The Year 1 will indeed be an odyssey.

Satellite communications business plan, company summary chart image

Past Performance
1998 1999 2000
Sales $184,251 $667,425 $1,748,654
Gross Margin $86,700 $195,887 $507,110
Gross Margin % 47.06% 29.35% 29.00%
Operating Expenses $77,890 $185,531 $620,772
Collection Period (days) 64 38 0
Inventory Turnover 0.00 0.00 0.00
Balance Sheet
1998 1999 2000
Current Assets
Cash $10,257 $11,773 $30,776
Accounts Receivable $10,518 $41,447 $108,591
Inventory $59,310 $35,279 $96,176
Other Current Assets $18,000 $22,231 $32,800
Total Current Assets $98,085 $110,730 $268,344
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $14,858 $25,489 $43,586
Accumulated Depreciation $1,500 $2,750 $7,250
Total Long-term Assets $13,358 $22,739 $36,336
Total Assets $111,442 $133,469 $304,680
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $5,263 $23,068 $34,678
Current Borrowing $0 $5,000 $5,000
Other Current Liabilities (interest free) $0 $0 $10,000
Total Current Liabilities $5,263 $28,068 $49,678
Long-term Liabilities $20,000 $1,500,000 $6,000,000
Total Liabilities $25,263 $1,528,068 $6,049,678
Paid-in Capital $290,000 $450,000 $140,000
Retained Earnings ($202,391) ($1,848,186) ($5,889,869)
Earnings ($1,429) $3,587 $4,871
Total Capital $86,180 ($1,394,599) ($5,744,998)
Total Capital and Liabilities $111,442 $133,469 $304,680
Other Inputs
Payment Days 45 45 45
Sales on Credit $60,000 $250,000 $0
Receivables Turnover 5.70 6.03 0.00

2.3 Company Locations and Facilities

Blue Sky Satellite Communications is located in Bedfordview,South Africa. It is only 15 minutes from the Johanessburg International Airport, and 15 minutes from Sandton, a suburb of Johanessburg.

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Products and Services

Services

  • Inmarsat Services ( Telenor, France Telecom, Stratos, Singapore Telecom, Comsat).
  • VSAT services (Red Wing, ACC).
  • Lease procurement.
  • License negotiations.
  • Logistical services.

Products

  • Nera
  • Thrane & Thrane
  • Motorola
  • Kyocera
  • Paradise Data Modems
  • Gilat
  • Hughes
  • Siemens

3.1 Competitive Comparison

Blue Sky does have competitors. They provide us with the ongoing determination for the provision of better customer relations. We learn from their mistakes, and have kept a good relationship with them.

These companies are called: African Satellite Corporation, Pertec International, Grintek Telecom, and Station Africa. These are the local companies that also provide satellite communications.

3.2 Fulfillment

We source our product from different Land Earth Stations and various equipment manufactures. These have all been mentioned already. In most cases, we deal directly with the manufacturer and service supplier.

3.3 Technology

The growth in the use of the Internet for sending messages and other information has made our products and services one of the most sought after commodities around. With the advent of broadband, we expect the growth to be exponential, more and more people and corporations will invest in faster and better communications systems to make them more productive and to show a better bottom line.

3.4 Future Products and Services

The future of Global Mobile Personal Communications via Satellite (GMPCS) has to be hand-held units. Although these have been plagued by some failures, the new Iridium company may just be what the industry needs. The new Gallium Nitride (GaN) terminal from Inmarsat that will deliver 128Kbps and the new broadband services from Inmarsat in 2004 will see the VSAT of today shrink in size and price.

Service in the future will be the most important aspect of the business. To maintain the recurring monthly income in top form, all customers will require maximum attention. The customer service center and the Internet interactive chat will account for many of the solutions offered to customers for fast service.

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Market Analysis Summary

The satellite services market is worth an estimated $12 billion in 2001 for the African and Middle east markets, and there is a projected growth of 20% per year. Blue Sky aims to tap into this market, and expects to be able to capture a 10-20% market share.

Inmarsat products, such as the Mini-M Sat Phone and the M4 Global Area Network terminal, are poised to maintain a growth pattern over the next 24 months. The re-launch of the Iridium product will also impact the market, and we are in good position to take advantage of this opportunity. 

The VSAT market has just appeared in 2000, and the sentiment is that it will grow even further in 2001 and 2002. We already have a number of proposals in the market which should materialize in the new year.   

4.1 Market Segmentation

In the satellite hardware industry we find that Inmarsat products are currently the entry-level equipment. The sales in this type of product have historically been very good. However, these will taper off as new and smaller phones from Global Star and New Iridium hit the market. VSAT is an expensive product and is proprietory to a satellite, as is Inmarsat and Iridium. Although the sales in this VSAT market are fewer, the margins are large enough to justify the time and effort, the monthly recurring income is there, and most of the time, part of the usage is pre-paid for several years in advance.

Airtime customers are those that we take away from other service providers by offering lower rates on their current airtime. At times we will sell at cost just to keep up the volume so we make the profit from the discount the networks give to us. 

Satellite communications business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
Inmarsat 40% 300 156 218 305 427 9.23%
New Iridium 300% 300 1,200 4,800 19,200 76,800 300.00%
VSAT 70% 400 680 1,156 1,965 3,341 70.00%
Airtime: All 200% 100,000 300,000 900,000 2,700,000 8,100,000 200.00%
Total 200.00% 101,000 302,036 906,174 2,721,470 8,180,568 200.00%

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

Our choice of target markets is strategic. We assume that it reflects our strengths and weaknesses. We are not selling to the self-reliant users, because they buy equipment as appliances based on features and price. Instead, we are selling to the service-seeking users whose needs match our strengths and weaknesses.

Regarding the small business segment, we are looking for the types of small business that appreciate our value-added services enough to pay for them, but aren’t big enough to have experts in-house, on payroll or staff.

The most obvious and important trend in the market is declining prices. This has been true for years, but the trend seems to be accelerating. We see the major manufacturers and suppliers putting systems together with amazing specs–more power, more speed, and more bandwidth.

Another trend is ever-greater connectivity. Everybody wants to get onto the Internet, and every small office wants a LAN. A lot of small offices want their LAN connected to the Internet.

4.2.2 Market Growth

The projected market growth for the Telecom’s industry has been one of the most highlighted aspects of new business in the marketplace today. With the coming of age of the new broadband services and the privatization of many Telecom companies (which were previously run by the government), we see that growth is going to far surpass any projection that has been made in the past.

It must be seen as one of the fastest growing market segments in business today. The recent mergers and takeovers are a small taste of what is waiting to happen. 

4.2.3 Market Needs

Since our target market is the service seeker, the most important market needs are support, service, training, and installation, in that order. One of the key points of our strategy is the focus on target segments that know and understand these needs, and are willing to pay to have them filled.

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Strategy and Implementation Summary

  1. We aim to emphasize service and support. Blue Sky does not just sell the service to the client and leave it at that. We will communicate with the client on an ongoing basis with important information about the product or service which has been delivered.
  2. We aim to build a long-term relationship with the customer. As recurring income is the aim of this business, we need to maintain as many clients as is possible. This means that we have to have constant contact with our clients. This is achieved by sending out newsletters and emails so that they are kept up-to-date with all that is happening in the marketplace.
  3. Focus on target markets. Having a goal and focus on a certain market segment will make Blue Sky successful. As we have been in the business for many years, we understand the constant changes in requirements, and, due to a lean management structure, we are able to make the required decisions on new markets rather quickly and efficiently. This then lends itself to have the necessary focus on the market segment as its’ needs change.
  4. Differentiate and fulfill the promise. We aim to be different from other service providers. We want to be the household name in Africa when it comes to satellite services of any sort. We want to provide pre-paid services and rural telephony and get involved in the education of the users and sub-users of our products. We want to meet all our promises and go the extra mile for those who need it most.

5.1 Competitive Edge

Our competitive edge is our positioning as a strategic ally with our clients, who are clients more than customers. By building a business based on long-standing relationships with satisfied clients, we simultaneously build defenses against competition. The longer the relationship stands, the more we help our clients understand what we offer them and why they need it.

5.2 Sales Strategy

  • We need to sell the company, not the product. We sell Blue Sky Satellite Communications, not Inmarsat, Iridium, Gilat, Thrane & Thrane, or Nera, or any of our airtime providers names.
  • We have to sell our service and support. The hardware is like the razor, and the support, service, software services, training, and seminars are the razor blades. We need to serve our customers with what they really need.

5.2.1 Sales Forecast

The sales chart and table summarize our ambitious sales forecast–we expect sales to increase.

Satellite communications business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
2001 2002 2003
Sales
Inmarsat Hardware $536,400 $454,740 $591,162
VSAT hardware $19,500,000 $29,250,000 $43,875,000
New Iridium Hardware $492,000 $885,600 $1,062,720
Airtime:Vsat,Inmarsat,Iridium $1,526,000 $4,578,000 $13,734,000
Value-added services $295,000 $1,475,000 $2,950,000
Total Sales $22,349,400 $36,643,340 $62,212,882
Direct Cost of Sales 2001 2002 2003
Inmarsat Hardware $380,645 $322,684 $419,489
VSAT hardware $14,468,006 $20,500,000 $31,250,000
New Iridium Hardware $258,500 $462,294 $558,353
Airtime:Vsat,Inmarsat,Iridium $990,500 $2,971,580 $8,914,739
Value-added services $136,500 $682,483 $1,364,965
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $16,234,151 $24,939,040 $42,507,546

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Management Summary

Blue Sky is owned and operated by its founders. It is a small company with a minimum command hierarchy and a maximum of community spirit and cooperation. Despite the loose style, we are still organized by function, and the business is done with logic and order.

6.1 Organizational Structure

The team consists of 4 employees under 1 director.

Our main focus is on sales and efficient billing. Marketing and promotions are outsourced to specialized firms.

6.2 Personnel Plan

The plan with the personnel is to increase the company size at least 20 people. The main additions will be in sales personnel, in-house customer support which would run constantly (24-7), and a technical support department.

Personnel Plan
2001 2002 2003
Pedro Camacho $30,000 $30,000 $30,000
Staff $80,040 $80,040 $80,040
Total People 12 12 12
Total Payroll $110,040 $110,040 $110,040

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Financial Plan

The most important element of the financial plan is to have enough cash to be able to implement all the concepts of Blue Sky. This is not like any other conventional business, where stock turnover is the key factor. Here we look at selling as much hardware as possible to be able to increase the amount of airtime sold. The main revenue comes from the margins on the airtime.

7.1 Important Assumptions

The assumptions in the following table are thought to be key to the success of Blue Sky.

General Assumptions
2001 2002 2003
Plan Month 1 2 3
Current Interest Rate 5.00% 5.00% 5.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 5.00% 5.00% 5.00%
Tax Rate 32.75% 33.00% 32.75%
Other 0 0 0

7.2 Key Financial Indicators

The chart below shows the benchmarks for the company.

Satellite communications business plan, financial plan chart image

7.3 Projected Profit and Loss

Blue Sky’s projected profit and loss statement is found in the table below. For a monthly projection, please see appendix.

Satellite communications business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
2001 2002 2003
Sales $22,349,400 $36,643,340 $62,212,882
Direct Cost of Sales $16,234,151 $24,939,040 $42,507,546
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $16,234,151 $24,939,040 $42,507,546
Gross Margin $6,115,249 $11,704,300 $19,705,336
Gross Margin % 27.36% 31.94% 31.67%
Expenses
Payroll $110,040 $110,040 $110,040
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $74,000 $574,000 $831,000
Depreciation $4,350 $4,350 $4,350
Leased Equipment $8,500 $20,000 $40,000
Utilities $3,600 $4,000 $4,200
Insurance $8,400 $9,000 $9,600
Rent $16,200 $16,800 $17,200
Payroll Taxes $2,201 $2,201 $2,201
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $227,291 $740,391 $1,018,591
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $5,887,958 $10,963,909 $18,686,746
EBITDA $5,892,308 $10,968,259 $18,691,096
Interest Expense $446,688 $261,250 $143,750
Taxes Incurred $1,795,983 $3,531,878 $6,072,831
Net Profit $3,645,287 $7,170,782 $12,470,165
Net Profit/Sales 16.31% 19.57% 20.04%

7.4 Projected Cash Flow

The cash flow projections for Blue Sky are found in the chart and table below. We will use a $3,000,000 line of credit to finance inventory purchases.

Satellite communications business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
2001 2002 2003
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $2,234,940 $3,664,334 $6,221,288
Cash from Receivables $19,206,566 $32,328,895 $54,828,651
Subtotal Cash from Operations $21,441,506 $35,993,229 $61,049,939
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $3,700,000 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $3,500,000 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $28,641,506 $35,993,229 $61,049,939
Expenditures 2001 2002 2003
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $110,040 $110,040 $110,040
Bill Payments $18,468,456 $28,321,992 $48,877,891
Subtotal Spent on Operations $18,578,496 $28,432,032 $48,987,931
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $3,005,000 $350,000 $350,000
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $300,000 $2,000,000 $2,000,000
Purchase Other Current Assets $500,000 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $6,000,000 $200,000 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $9,000,000
Subtotal Cash Spent $28,383,496 $30,982,032 $60,337,931
Net Cash Flow $258,010 $5,011,197 $712,009
Cash Balance $288,786 $5,299,984 $6,011,992

7.5 Projected Balance Sheet

The table below shows Blue Sky’s balance sheet.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
2001 2002 2003
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $288,786 $5,299,984 $6,011,992
Accounts Receivable $1,016,486 $1,666,596 $2,829,539
Inventory $882,664 $1,355,956 $2,311,170
Other Current Assets $532,800 $532,800 $532,800
Total Current Assets $2,720,736 $8,855,336 $11,685,501
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $6,043,586 $6,243,586 $6,243,586
Accumulated Depreciation $11,600 $15,950 $20,300
Total Long-term Assets $6,031,986 $6,227,636 $6,223,286
Total Assets $8,752,722 $15,082,972 $17,908,787
Liabilities and Capital 2001 2002 2003
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $942,433 $2,451,901 $4,157,551
Current Borrowing $700,000 $350,000 $0
Other Current Liabilities $10,000 $10,000 $10,000
Subtotal Current Liabilities $1,652,433 $2,811,901 $4,167,551
Long-term Liabilities $5,700,000 $3,700,000 $1,700,000
Total Liabilities $7,352,433 $6,511,901 $5,867,551
Paid-in Capital $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000
Retained Earnings ($5,884,998) ($2,239,711) ($4,068,929)
Earnings $3,645,287 $7,170,782 $12,470,165
Total Capital $1,400,289 $8,571,071 $12,041,235
Total Liabilities and Capital $8,752,722 $15,082,972 $17,908,787
Net Worth $1,400,289 $8,571,071 $12,041,235

7.6 Business Ratios

The following table contains ratios from the communication services (4899) industry, as determined by the Standard Industry Classification (SIC) Index.

Ratio Analysis
2001 2002 2003 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 1178.09% 63.96% 69.78% 4.80%
Percent of Total Assets
Accounts Receivable 11.61% 11.05% 15.80% 14.30%
Inventory 10.08% 8.99% 12.91% 2.50%
Other Current Assets 6.09% 3.53% 2.98% 46.50%
Total Current Assets 31.08% 58.71% 65.25% 63.30%
Long-term Assets 68.92% 41.29% 34.75% 36.70%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 18.88% 18.64% 23.27% 43.60%
Long-term Liabilities 65.12% 24.53% 9.49% 26.30%
Total Liabilities 84.00% 43.17% 32.76% 69.90%
Net Worth 16.00% 56.83% 67.24% 30.10%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 27.36% 31.94% 31.67% 57.80%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 10.68% 12.46% 11.85% 35.50%
Advertising Expenses 0.04% 1.36% 1.21% 1.00%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes 26.35% 29.92% 30.04% 1.90%
Main Ratios
Current 1.65 3.15 2.80 1.17
Quick 1.11 2.67 2.25 0.95
Total Debt to Total Assets 84.00% 43.17% 32.76% 69.90%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth 388.58% 124.87% 154.00% 4.20%
Pre-tax Return on Assets 62.17% 70.96% 103.54% 14.00%
Additional Ratios 2001 2002 2003
Net Profit Margin 16.31% 19.57% 20.04% n.a
Return on Equity 260.32% 83.66% 103.56% n.a
Activity Ratios
Accounts Receivable Turnover 19.79 19.79 19.79 n.a
Collection Days 59 15 15 n.a
Inventory Turnover 7.57 22.28 23.18 n.a
Accounts Payable Turnover 20.56 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 21 24 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 2.55 2.43 3.47 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 5.25 0.76 0.49 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 0.22 0.43 0.71 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $1,068,303 $6,043,435 $7,517,949 n.a
Interest Coverage 13.18 41.97 129.99 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.39 0.41 0.29 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 19% 19% 23% n.a
Acid Test 0.50 2.07 1.57 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 15.96 4.28 5.17 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.72 n.a

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Appendix

Sales Forecast
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sales
Inmarsat Hardware 0% $29,150 $29,150 $53,000 $29,150 $39,750 $29,150 $29,150 $73,900 $136,550 $29,150 $29,150 $29,150
VSAT hardware 0% $0 $3,250,000 $812,500 $4,062,500 $812,500 $6,500,000 $1,625,000 $0 $812,500 $812,500 $0 $812,500
New Iridium Hardware 0% $0 $36,000 $60,000 $60,000 $60,000 $36,000 $36,000 $60,000 $36,000 $36,000 $36,000 $36,000
Airtime:Vsat,Inmarsat,Iridium 0% $81,000 $81,000 $150,000 $150,000 $180,000 $180,000 $185,000 $195,000 $81,000 $81,000 $81,000 $81,000
Value-added services 0% $15,000 $30,000 $45,000 $20,000 $15,000 $50,000 $40,000 $15,000 $20,000 $15,000 $15,000 $15,000
Total Sales $125,150 $3,426,150 $1,120,500 $4,321,650 $1,107,250 $6,795,150 $1,915,150 $343,900 $1,086,050 $973,650 $161,150 $973,650
Direct Cost of Sales Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Inmarsat Hardware $20,900 $20,900 $38,000 $20,900 $28,500 $20,900 $20,900 $51,825 $95,120 $20,900 $20,900 $20,900
VSAT hardware $0 $2,825,875 $545,000 $3,258,000 $706,522 $3,600,000 $1,413,044 $0 $706,522 $706,522 $0 $706,522
New Iridium Hardware $0 $25,500 $42,500 $38,000 $38,000 $25,500 $25,500 $38,000 $25,500 $0 $0 $0
Airtime:Vsat,Inmarsat,Iridium $67,500 $67,500 $115,000 $67,500 $125,500 $125,000 $71,500 $81,000 $67,500 $67,500 $67,500 $67,500
Value-added services $5,000 $13,000 $7,500 $7,500 $7,500 $30,000 $31,000 $5,000 $7,500 $7,500 $7,500 $7,500
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $93,400 $2,952,775 $748,000 $3,391,900 $906,022 $3,801,400 $1,561,944 $175,825 $902,142 $802,422 $95,900 $802,422
Personnel Plan
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Pedro Camacho 0% $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500
Staff 0% $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670 $6,670
Total People 0 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
Total Payroll $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170

General Assumptions
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plan Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Current Interest Rate 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00% 33.00%
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sales $125,150 $3,426,150 $1,120,500 $4,321,650 $1,107,250 $6,795,150 $1,915,150 $343,900 $1,086,050 $973,650 $161,150 $973,650
Direct Cost of Sales $93,400 $2,952,775 $748,000 $3,391,900 $906,022 $3,801,400 $1,561,944 $175,825 $902,142 $802,422 $95,900 $802,422
Other $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $93,400 $2,952,775 $748,000 $3,391,900 $906,022 $3,801,400 $1,561,944 $175,825 $902,142 $802,422 $95,900 $802,422
Gross Margin $31,750 $473,375 $372,500 $929,750 $201,228 $2,993,750 $353,206 $168,075 $183,908 $171,228 $65,250 $171,228
Gross Margin % 25.37% 13.82% 33.24% 21.51% 18.17% 44.06% 18.44% 48.87% 16.93% 17.59% 40.49% 17.59%
Expenses
Payroll $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $6,900 $5,500 $6,900 $5,500 $6,700 $5,500 $6,700 $6,700 $5,500 $7,100 $5,500 $5,500
Depreciation $363 $363 $363 $363 $363 $363 $363 $363 $363 $363 $363 $363
Leased Equipment $0 $0 $2,000 $0 $3,000 $0 $500 $0 $1,000 $0 $2,000 $0
Utilities $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300
Insurance $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700
Rent $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350 $1,350
Payroll Taxes 2% $183 $183 $183 $183 $183 $183 $183 $183 $183 $183 $183 $183
Other $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $18,966 $17,566 $20,966 $17,566 $21,766 $17,566 $19,266 $18,766 $18,566 $19,166 $19,566 $17,566
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $12,784 $455,809 $351,534 $912,184 $179,462 $2,976,184 $333,940 $149,309 $165,342 $152,062 $45,684 $153,662
EBITDA $13,147 $456,172 $351,897 $912,547 $179,825 $2,976,547 $334,303 $149,672 $165,705 $152,425 $46,047 $154,025
Interest Expense $24,917 $39,396 $39,292 $39,188 $39,917 $39,813 $39,708 $39,604 $39,500 $39,396 $39,292 $26,667
Taxes Incurred ($3,640) $137,416 $103,040 $288,089 $46,050 $969,003 $97,096 $36,203 $41,528 $37,180 $2,110 $41,909
Net Profit ($8,493) $278,997 $209,202 $584,908 $93,496 $1,967,369 $197,135 $73,502 $84,314 $75,487 $4,283 $85,087
Net Profit/Sales -6.79% 8.14% 18.67% 13.53% 8.44% 28.95% 10.29% 21.37% 7.76% 7.75% 2.66% 8.74%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $12,515 $342,615 $112,050 $432,165 $110,725 $679,515 $191,515 $34,390 $108,605 $97,365 $16,115 $97,365
Cash from Receivables $54,296 $58,050 $211,665 $3,014,366 $1,104,485 $3,793,053 $1,167,162 $5,969,235 $1,676,498 $331,775 $974,073 $851,910
Subtotal Cash from Operations $66,811 $400,665 $323,715 $3,446,531 $1,215,210 $4,472,568 $1,358,677 $6,003,625 $1,785,103 $429,140 $990,188 $949,275
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 0.00% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $3,500,000 $0 $0 $200,000 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $3,500,000 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $3,566,811 $3,900,665 $323,715 $3,446,531 $1,415,210 $4,472,568 $1,358,677 $6,003,625 $1,785,103 $429,140 $990,188 $949,275
Expenditures Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170 $9,170
Bill Payments $39,034 $335,750 $6,078,628 $313,914 $4,796,246 $300,751 $5,973,781 $144,488 $85,208 $94,715 $223,725 $82,218
Subtotal Spent on Operations $48,204 $344,920 $6,087,798 $323,084 $4,805,416 $309,921 $5,982,951 $153,658 $94,378 $103,885 $232,895 $91,388
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $3,005,000
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $500,000 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $3,000,000 $3,000,000
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $73,204 $369,920 $6,112,798 $348,084 $4,830,416 $334,921 $6,007,951 $178,658 $119,378 $128,885 $3,757,895 $6,121,388
Net Cash Flow $3,493,607 $3,530,746 ($5,789,083) $3,098,446 ($3,415,206) $4,137,647 ($4,649,274) $5,824,967 $1,665,725 $300,255 ($2,767,707) ($5,172,113)
Cash Balance $3,524,383 $7,055,129 $1,266,046 $4,364,492 $949,286 $5,086,933 $437,659 $6,262,626 $7,928,351 $8,228,606 $5,460,899 $288,786
Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $30,776 $3,524,383 $7,055,129 $1,266,046 $4,364,492 $949,286 $5,086,933 $437,659 $6,262,626 $7,928,351 $8,228,606 $5,460,899 $288,786
Accounts Receivable $108,591 $166,931 $3,192,416 $3,989,201 $4,864,320 $4,756,361 $7,078,943 $7,635,416 $1,975,691 $1,276,638 $1,821,149 $992,111 $1,016,486
Inventory $96,176 $102,740 $3,248,053 $2,500,053 $3,731,090 $2,825,068 $4,181,540 $2,619,596 $2,443,771 $1,541,629 $882,664 $786,764 $882,664
Other Current Assets $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $32,800 $532,800 $532,800
Total Current Assets $268,344 $3,826,854 $13,528,397 $7,788,099 $12,992,702 $8,563,515 $16,380,216 $10,725,471 $10,714,888 $10,779,418 $10,965,218 $7,772,574 $2,720,736
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $43,586 $3,043,586 $6,043,586
Accumulated Depreciation $7,250 $7,613 $7,975 $8,338 $8,700 $9,063 $9,425 $9,788 $10,150 $10,513 $10,875 $11,238 $11,600
Total Long-term Assets $36,336 $35,974 $35,611 $35,249 $34,886 $34,524 $34,161 $33,799 $33,436 $33,074 $32,711 $3,032,349 $6,031,986
Total Assets $304,680 $3,862,827 $13,564,008 $7,823,348 $13,027,588 $8,598,038 $16,414,377 $10,759,269 $10,748,324 $10,812,492 $10,997,929 $10,804,922 $8,752,722
Liabilities and Capital Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $34,678 $126,319 $6,073,502 $148,640 $4,792,972 $94,927 $5,968,896 $141,654 $82,206 $87,059 $222,010 $49,720 $942,433
Current Borrowing $5,000 $5,000 $3,505,000 $3,505,000 $3,505,000 $3,705,000 $3,705,000 $3,705,000 $3,705,000 $3,705,000 $3,705,000 $3,705,000 $700,000
Other Current Liabilities $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000 $10,000
Subtotal Current Liabilities $49,678 $141,319 $9,588,502 $3,663,640 $8,307,972 $3,809,927 $9,683,896 $3,856,654 $3,797,206 $3,802,059 $3,937,010 $3,764,720 $1,652,433
Long-term Liabilities $6,000,000 $5,975,000 $5,950,000 $5,925,000 $5,900,000 $5,875,000 $5,850,000 $5,825,000 $5,800,000 $5,775,000 $5,750,000 $5,725,000 $5,700,000
Total Liabilities $6,049,678 $6,116,319 $15,538,502 $9,588,640 $14,207,972 $9,684,927 $15,533,896 $9,681,654 $9,597,206 $9,577,059 $9,687,010 $9,489,720 $7,352,433
Paid-in Capital $140,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000 $3,640,000
Retained Earnings ($5,889,869) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998) ($5,884,998)
Earnings $4,871 ($8,493) $270,504 $479,707 $1,064,614 $1,158,110 $3,125,479 $3,322,614 $3,396,116 $3,480,431 $3,555,917 $3,560,200 $3,645,287
Total Capital ($5,744,998) ($2,253,491) ($1,974,494) ($1,765,292) ($1,180,384) ($1,086,888) $880,481 $1,077,616 $1,151,118 $1,235,432 $1,310,919 $1,315,202 $1,400,289
Total Liabilities and Capital $304,680 $3,862,827 $13,564,008 $7,823,348 $13,027,588 $8,598,038 $16,414,377 $10,759,269 $10,748,324 $10,812,492 $10,997,929 $10,804,922 $8,752,722
Net Worth ($5,744,998) ($2,253,491) ($1,974,494) ($1,765,292) ($1,180,384) ($1,086,888) $880,481 $1,077,616 $1,151,118 $1,235,432 $1,310,919 $1,315,202 $1,400,289

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