Funding Requirements and Uses
The company will be raising $2 million for the purposes of:
PrintingSolutions.com currently has no operating history, which makes it difficult to forecast future operating results. The company will encounter risks and difficulties that start-ups frequently encounter in rapidly evolving and competitive markets. These risks include expanding the number of certified commercial print vendors and improving technological and logistical connections to these vendors. If these risks are not addressed successfully, the business will be seriously harmed.
Due to the nature of Internet business, the performance and fluctuations in quarterly sales and operating expenses will depend on the current marketplace and competition. The performance of PrintingSolutions.com will depend on market and industry risk factors that the company recognizes it will be subject to. The company's view of its risks is as follows:
The success of PrintingSolutions.com will depend on a significant number of print-buying customers knowing about, and regularly using, our services. The market for Internet-enabled printing services is at an early stage of development. Many customers will be addressing issues such as quality, reliability, billing, delivery, and customer service for the first time in a self-service, Internet-based, print creation and ordering environment. Educating potential customers is a complex, time consuming and expensive process. In many cases, organizations must change established business practices and conduct business in new ways to use the services.
Nature and Limitation of Projections. This financial projection is based on sales volume at the levels described in the revenue section and presents, to the best of management's knowledge and belief, the company's expected assets, liabilities, capital, revenues, and expenses. The projections reflect management's judgement of the expected conditions and its expected course of action given the hypothetical assumptions.
Nature of Operations. The company operates as an Oregon C-corporation.
Revenues. PrintingSolutions.com will generate revenues from the sale of a variety of printed products to end user customers. The company's products and services will be available to customers through the PrintingSolutions.com and PrintingSolutionsB2B.com websites, managed PrintingSolutionsB2B.com affiliates and co-branded websites, and privately-branded websites.
The company will not recognize revenues until the product is shipped, collection of the receivable will be probable, and commercial print vendors have fulfilled all contractual obligations to the customer. PrintingSolutions.com will take title to all products that the company instructs its commercial print vendors to produce. PrintingSolutions.com believes that purchases by businesses will account for a majority of its revenues and will record sales net of discounts. The company will record the cost of promotional products that it will give away at no charge as a sales and marketing expense.
A significant portion of revenue will be generated through barter transactions with participants in the co-branded program in which PrintingSolutions.com will sell printed products in exchange for online advertising. Barter transaction revenues and related advertising costs will be recorded at the fair value of the goods or services provided or received, whichever will be more easily determined in the circumstances. The majority of revenues will be generated from sources within the United States; therefore, all sales will be in the United States dollar currency.
Expenses. The company's expenses will be primarily those of salaries, sales commissions, and administrative costs. The company will categorize its operating expenses into research and development, sales and marketing, and general and administrative.
Research and development expenses will primarily consist of personnel costs, including costs related to consultants and outside contractors.
Sales and marketing expenses will consist of the cost of free promotional products, the cost of marketing programs including advertisements, costs to acquire email lists, personnel and related costs for our marketing staff and customer support groups, and participation in trade shows.
General and administrative expenses will primarily consist of personnel and related costs for corporate functions, including finance, accounting, legal, human resources, facilities, and management of commercial print vendor relationships.
Cost of sales. Cost of sales will primarily consist of direct expenses relating to printing products, rework and reprinting charges, shipping and handling fees, royalties on software licenses, and credit card processing fees.
The following chart and table outline the break-even analysis for PrintingSolutions.com.
PrintingSolutions.com is in the early stage of development; thus, initial projections have only been made on accounts that are believed to most drive the income statement. The following table provides Printing Solution's projected income statements for 2000-2002. PrintingSolutions.com operates on a fiscal year ending in December. In order to reflect fiscal year projections of revenue and profit, only the last six months of year 2000 shows income. This reflects the projected launch date of the company.
The following table has calculated that the company will have a negative cash outflow during the first year based on the start-up costs outlined in topic 2.0. However, the company will not begin financing or operations until July, 2000. In order to offset this supposed outflow, increases in the initial cash requirements in the Start-up table have been provided. The differences between calculated cash and actual needs will be used for other start-up costs. It is assumed that there will be no dividend payments for the first three years of business.
The following table outlines some key financial information for PrintingSolutions.com.
The table below provides key ratios in the Industry Profile column for the commercial printing industry, as found in the Standard Industry Classifications (SIC) index, code 2759. We have projected healthy ratios for the first three years of operation, and foresee a continuing upwards trend throughout the company's life.