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Shipping, Freight & Trucking icon Packaging and Shipping Business Plan

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AuctionShipper

Executive Summary

AuctionShipper is a start-up packaging and shipping organization that caters to online auctions such as eBay as well as offering regular shipping services to walk-in customers. AuctionShipper will be known as the reasonably priced, environmentally sensitive, convenient service provider.

AuctionShipper has identified three keys of success that will be instrumental in its sustainable success. The first is to provide a market-needed service which it will accomplish by offering reasonably priced packaging and shipping services. The second will be to ensure its services are as convenient as possible. If it is not the most convenient solution, then people will not become long-term customers. The last is the use of strict financial controls.

AuctionShipper will target three customer segments, new eBay users and more advanced eBay users. Each group will have different compelling reasons as to why they use AuctionShipper. Recognizing that these are two distinct groups, they will targeted differently. The new eBay users have 11,216 potential users with a 15% growth rate, while the advanced users have 8,097 potential customers with a 9% yearly growth rate. The last group will be all other customers with a growth rate of 7%  and 23,221 potential customers.

AuctionShipper faces two different types of competition. The first type of competition is from mom and pop shops that offer packaging and shipping as an additional service beyond the core service offerings. These type of shops typically offer shipping as an auxiliary service. The second form of competition is from franchise operations that focus on packaging and shipping. There are many different competitors in this space and as a general rule have high priced shipping options. These service providers appeal to someone who values convenience and is willing to pay for it.

AuctionShipper is lead by Jack Paacker, a seasoned entrepreneur who started his first business while still in college. Jack will be successful in leveraging his experience of operating his own business with the skills taught to him while he was pursuing his MBA. His experience and education will be heavily valued in assuring the success of AuctionShipper. AuctionShipper will achieve $185,000 in revenue for year two, rising to $285,000 for year three.

Packaging and shipping business plan, executive summary chart image

1.1 Objectives

  • Become the premier auction shipping service.
  • Reach profitability within the first two years.
  • Achieve market penetration of 15% by year three.

1.2 Mission

AuctionShipper’s mission is to become the premier auction shipping service. This will be achieved by offering reasonable prices, fast and environmentally sound service, and maintaining 100% customer satisfaction.

1.3 Keys to Success

  • Provide a market-needed service.
  • Be as convenient as possible.
  • Employ strict financial controls.
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Company Summary

AuctionShipper is a new eBay users, Detroit-based shipper who concentrates in auction-based shipping services. AuctionShipper offers the most convenient, inexpensive, environmentally sound shipping service. Through environmentally sound practices such as using only recycled shipping materials, AuctionShipper is able to offer competitive pricing that is easily able to undercut competing services.

2.1 Start-up Summary

AuctionShipper will require the following items for business start-up:

  • Cash register;
  • Fax machine;
  • Computer system with printer, broadband Internet connection, bar code scanner, and assorted software;
  • Office furniture;
  • Three 5″x20″ counter tops;
  • Neon sign;
  • Assorted office and packing supplies.
Packaging and shipping business plan, company summary chart image

Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund $6,275
Start-up Assets to Fund $63,725
Total Funding Required $70,000
Assets
Non-cash Assets from Start-up $4,000
Cash Requirements from Start-up $59,725
Additional Cash Raised $0
Cash Balance on Starting Date $59,725
Total Assets $63,725
Liabilities and Capital
Liabilities
Current Borrowing $0
Long-term Liabilities $0
Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $0
Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $0
Total Liabilities $0
Capital
Planned Investment
Investor 1 $30,000
Investor 2 $40,000
Additional Investment Requirement $0
Total Planned Investment $70,000
Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) ($6,275)
Total Capital $63,725
Total Capital and Liabilities $63,725
Total Funding $70,000
Start-up
Requirements
Start-up Expenses
Legal $1,000
Stationery etc. $250
Brochures $200
Consultants $2,000
Insurance $125
Rent $700
Expensed Equipment $2,000
Total Start-up Expenses $6,275
Start-up Assets
Cash Required $59,725
Other Current Assets $0
Long-term Assets $4,000
Total Assets $63,725
Total Requirements $70,000

2.2 Company Ownership

AuctionShipper is a sole proprietorship owned by John Paacker.

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Services

AuctionShipper offers shipping services, similar to MailBoxes Plus, but geared for auction-based transactions. AuctionShipper will only use recycled, re-used shipping materials for packaging as well as for the containers as well. This serves two very important functions. The first is the ability to significantly decrease the costs involved with packaging since all packaging materials are free. They are collected from nearby retailers that would otherwise throw them out. It also serves a business philosophy/marketing edge by being as environmentally sustainable in normal business operations as possible. By using only recycled materials, AuctionShipper is reducing waste, re-using materials, and not consuming any new eBay users shipping materials.

The services will be geared toward auction transactions where the customer drops off an item that they need packaged and sent. This is ideal for auction transactions as these types of products often do not have original boxes for the sold items and also there is the compelling need to keep the price of packaging/shipping down as much as possible. Having a fast service for packaging and shipping products will help create incentives for people to increase the number of items that they sell the easier it is to package and send an item, the increased likelihood a person will have for selling increasingly more things on eBay. Customers who are interested in shipping items that are non-auction items will be happily serviced as well.

In order to make the customer’s experience as convenient as possible, customers will be offered a key chain based bar code. This bar code will contain payment information, shipping preferences, etc. In order to complete the transaction, AuctionShipper only needs the shipping address, everything else is scanned into the computer via the bar code. This system allows AuctionShipper to service customers with unusual speed.

Customers will be able to choose all the different shipping services such USPS, UPS and Fed Ex.

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Market Analysis Summary

AuctionShipper will be going after two distinct market segments for their business: new eBay users and advanced eBayers. eBay is a fairly new eBay users online auction which has created its own market by developing a huge, successful, online auction. Starting from nothing, eBay has developed a site where millions upon millions of users buy and sell new eBay users and used items online. Suddenly, with the creation of eBay, there is a wonderful market where almost anything can be bought or sold. Looking for a bike part, a piece of Nambe sculpture, a Patagonia jacket, whatever, it is available to be bought or sold on eBay.

AuctionShipper will service three different customer groups, new eBay users, advanced eBay users, and a catch all category of general customers. AuctionShipper will be a convenient service for new eBay users. For the advanced user, it will offer a fast solution that is cost effective and allows advanced users to sell more items on eBay since their time is freed up from the packaging chores. AuctionShipper will also service non-auction walk-in customers.

The market for auction shipping is huge. There are millions of active members of eBay and 99% of all transactions are exchanged through some sort of shipping service. The ability to tap into this huge market is a wonderful market opportunity.

4.1 Market Segmentation

  • New eBay users: These people are fairly new eBay users to the online auctions. They may have been purchasers for a while, but they are just getting into the selling aspect of auctions. Having a service that will package the items sold will be a valued service, making it easier for the person to transition into an online auction seller.
  • Advanced online sellers: This is a market segment of active sellers on eBay. Offering a packaging and shipping service that is inexpensive and convenient will be quite appealing to a seller who would like to increase the number of items they sell on eBay but cannot because of the time it takes to package and ship the items. Most seasoned sellers would be more than happy to pay several dollars to have someone package items for them.
  • Others: This market segment is a catch all category of non-auction customers who desire to ship packages. Often these people are either sending an item to a friend or business, or a maybe returning a mail order purchase. This category of people has similar demographics to a Mail Boxes Plus customer except they might have cost or environmental sensitivities.
Packaging and shipping business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
New Users 15% 11,216 12,898 14,833 17,058 19,617 15.00%
Advanced Users 9% 8,097 8,826 9,620 10,486 11,430 9.00%
Others 9% 23,221 25,311 27,589 30,072 32,778 9.00%
Total 10.68% 42,534 47,035 52,042 57,616 63,825 10.68%

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

AuctionShipper will use a grassroots approach to segmenting the market. AuctionShipper will be active in the different usergroups and bulletin boards that are quite active within the eBay community. By being active on these communication systems specific to eBay, AuctionShipper will generate awareness among the perspective customers. AuctionShipper will also segment its customers through local advertising that will be aimed more at the beginner users who are less active on the bulletin boards, etc.

4.3 Service Business Analysis

The general packaging/shipping industry is composed of both mom/pop stores as well as franchises. The mom and pop outfits often offer other services beyond shipping, packaging and shipping are offered as a value-added proposition. Also participating in the industry are the franchises like Mail Boxes Plus and MailBox, Etc. These retail organizations offer general packaging and shipping services, they do not cater to auctions specifically. Currently, there is no other organization that is going after auction-specific packaging and shipping.

4.3.1 Competition and Buying Patterns

The competition comes in two general forms:

  • Mom and pop stores: These stores typically offer additional services beyond packaging and shipping. They typically have another line of business and since they already ship UPS they have decided to offer shipping as a value-added service beyond their core competencies.
  • Franchises: These types of stores have packaging and shipping as their primary services, with other services such as fax service and private mail boxes in addition to the primary shipping business.

The buying patterns of customers are based on convenience. Convenience is based on services offered such as packaging in addition to shipping, hours of operation, etc. Price is a factor to some degree, however most of the businesses charge a premium. AuctionShipper believes that customers will become more price sensitive when a realistic option becomes available that is significantly cheaper than the current competition.

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Strategy and Implementation Summary

AuctionShipper’s strategy is to become visible to the targeted perspective customers. AuctionShipper has a strong competitive edge of price and environmental sensitivity and it will attempt to exploit this as much as possible to gain new eBay users customers. Exploiting the environmental aspect of its business is an added marketing bonus because while it does have valuable marketing potential, there are underlying economic reasons to be environmentally sound. The key to the sales strategy will be getting customers to try out AuctionShipper’s services. AuctionShipper has the firm belief that the conversion ratio from a first time customer to a long-term customer will be between 60%-70%. AuctionShipper is confident that this is a reasonable goal to aim for due to its excellent prices and customer service.

5.1 Competitive Edge

AuctionShipper has two competitive edges:

  • Convenience: This competitive edge is made up of many different elements such as convenient hours of operation, convenient location and convenience in terms of the overall experience which is based on how quickly customers move through the process of having AuctionShipper package and ship their product.
  • Environmental sensitivity: This is a significant advantage because most competitors cannot have the same commitment to the environment. It is rare for a shipper to be able to use 100% recycled materials. Appearance is the main driver to this decision. Recycled products will not have the fresh, crisp look of brand new shipping materials, which is a problem for most shippers as their packaging solution must appear professional. It is more important for AuctionShipper’s products to give off the appearance of environmental sensitivity instead of professionalism. The real customer is the shipper, not the receiver, therefore, there is a significant market population that is willing to accept packaging that is not brand new eBay users in exchange for not having to create extra waste in landfills.

5.2 Marketing Strategy

AuctionShipper will deploy a multi-pronged marketing approach in an effort to generate awareness among potential customers:

  • Location: The choice of location was made based on the need to capture walk-by-traffic. Having a convenient, prominent location in an area with significant walk-by-traffic is one method of marketing.
  • Participation in bulletin boards/user groups specific to auctions: Being prominent on these community communication tools is a great and inexpensive way for developing awareness of AuctionShipper’s services.
  • Advertisements: While not as targeted, advertisements in the city new eBay users paper will be an effective marketing tool.

5.3 Sales Strategy

The sales strategy will be based on the conversion of first time customers into regular customers. This strategy can be successful if AuctionShipper offers a compelling, pleasant service. One way of achieving this goal is adhering to the business philosophy of 100% customer satisfaction. If AuctionShipper is attentive to ensuring that all customers have their expectations exceeded, then it will be easy to develop long-term customers. One method of achieving customer satisfaction is the awareness of the competitive environment. By being aware of the services that are offered by the competitors, it will be much easier for AuctionShipper to stand out as a preferred service provider. This sales strategy is based on the business philosophy that it is less expensive to maintain current customers than it is to attract new eBay users ones.

5.3.1 Sales Forecast

AuctionShipper has forecasted sales to be fairly slow for the first four months. This can be explained by the fact that AuctionShipper is a start-up business and there is a learning curve for new eBay users customers to become aware of the services offered. First year sales revenue are forecasted to reach $120,000 with year three revenue hitting $284,000.

Packaging and shipping business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Packaging and shipping business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales
New Users $36,494 $55,986 $86,030
Advanced $70,180 $107,665 $165,443
Others $14,036 $21,533 $33,089
Total Sales $120,710 $185,184 $284,562
Direct Cost of Sales Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
New Users $18,247 $27,993 $43,015
Advanced $60,355 $10,767 $16,544
Others $2,294 $92,592 $142,281
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $80,896 $131,351 $201,840

5.4 Milestones

  • Completion of business plan;
  • Secure building lease;
  • Profitability;
  • Sales in excess of $200,000.
Packaging and shipping business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Milestones
Milestone Start Date End Date Budget Manager Department
Completion of business plan 1/1/2003 1/15/2003 $0 John Marketing
Secure building lease 1/1/2003 2/1/2003 $0 John Operations
Profitability 1/1/2003 9/30/2003 $0 John Financial
Sales in excess of $200k 1/1/2003 6/1/2005 $0 John Sales
Totals $0

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Web Plan Summary

AuctionShipper will have a website as a method of disseminating information regarding AuctionShipper and the services offered. It will be nothing fancy, just a useful source of information regarding what the company has to offer.

6.1 Website Marketing Strategy

AuctionShipper will undertake two activities to market the website, thereby increasing awareness of the sites presence:

  • Communication of the URL in all sales and marketing literature.
  • Submission of AuctionShipper’s URL and common search terms to all of the major search engines. This is a fairly easy activity if one knows what they are doing.

6.2 Development Requirements

The website will be developed using below-market-waged college computer science students.

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Management Summary

John Packer received his Bachelor of Arts from Ann Arbor College. While in school John participated in the entrepreneur program that gave grants to students who were interested in starting business. John formed a group of three students and received a grant to try to market a notebook that he designed called the Black Board Notetaker, a novel notebook that was shaped similar to a black board at school to help facilitate the process of taking notes the same way that the notes are written on the black board. After school, John concentrated for two years on developing this business. While it seemed like a good idea, it never really caught on and the operation was not producing sufficient profit for this to be John’s sole source of income. John decided that it would be prudent for him to go back to school to earn his MBA. John enrolled in the University of Michigan’s MBA program. This degree taught John a wide range of skills that he felt would be instrumental if he was to start another new eBay users business. While John was in school, eBay was beginning to catch on. Initially, John was active in eBay as a buyer and would spend 10 minutes each day going through eBay looking for deals. After two years of buying on eBay, John began selling items in eBay. What John soon found out was that he could not sell as much as he wanted due to the time consuming activity of packaging the items. It struck John one day that there was significant value to be offered for some to have a convenient, inexpensive packaging and shipping service. With this idea in mind, John began the process of writing this business plan.

7.1 Personnel Plan

Initially, John will be the only employee. This will serve two functions, 1) it will reduce costs by not having to pay for employees, and 2) it will allow John to become intimately familiar will all aspects of his business. Soon thereafter, John will hire two part-time employees.

Personnel Plan
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
John $30,000 $32,000 $37,000
Part time employees $16,500 $24,000 $28,000
Total People 3 3 3
Total Payroll $46,500 $56,000 $65,000

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Financial Plan

The following sections will outline important financial information.

8.1 Important Assumptions

The following table details important financial assumptions.

General Assumptions
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Plan Month 1 2 3
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0

8.2 Break-even Analysis

The Break-even Analysis indicates the monthly revenue needed to reach the break-even point.

Packaging and shipping business plan, financial plan chart image

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Revenue Break-even $17,351
Assumptions:
Average Percent Variable Cost 67%
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $5,723

8.3 Projected Profit and Loss

The following table will indicate Projected Profit and Loss.

Packaging and shipping business plan, financial plan chart image

Packaging and shipping business plan, financial plan chart image

Packaging and shipping business plan, financial plan chart image

Packaging and shipping business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $120,710 $185,184 $284,562
Direct Cost of Sales $80,896 $131,351 $201,840
Other Costs of Sales $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $80,896 $131,351 $201,840
Gross Margin $39,814 $53,833 $82,721
Gross Margin % 32.98% 29.07% 29.07%
Expenses
Payroll $46,500 $56,000 $65,000
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $2,400 $2,400 $2,400
Depreciation $799 $799 $799
Rent $8,400 $8,400 $9,000
Utilities $1,800 $1,800 $1,800
Insurance $1,800 $1,800 $1,800
Payroll Taxes $6,975 $8,400 $9,750
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $68,674 $79,599 $90,549
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($28,860) ($25,767) ($7,828)
EBITDA ($28,061) ($24,968) ($7,029)
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $0 $0
Net Profit ($28,860) ($25,767) ($7,828)
Net Profit/Sales -23.91% -13.91% -2.75%

8.4 Projected Cash Flow

The following table and chart will indicate Projected Cash Flow.

Packaging and shipping business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $120,710 $185,184 $284,562
Subtotal Cash from Operations $120,710 $185,184 $284,562
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $120,710 $185,184 $284,562
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $46,500 $56,000 $65,000
Bill Payments $90,234 $153,517 $220,637
Subtotal Spent on Operations $136,734 $209,517 $285,637
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $136,734 $209,517 $285,637
Net Cash Flow ($16,025) ($24,334) ($1,075)
Cash Balance $43,700 $19,366 $18,292

8.5 Projected Balance Sheet

The following table will indicate the Projected Balance Sheet.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $43,700 $19,366 $18,292
Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Total Current Assets $43,700 $19,366 $18,292
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $4,000 $4,000 $4,000
Accumulated Depreciation $799 $1,598 $2,397
Total Long-term Assets $3,201 $2,402 $1,603
Total Assets $46,901 $21,768 $19,895
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $12,036 $12,670 $18,624
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $12,036 $12,670 $18,624
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $12,036 $12,670 $18,624
Paid-in Capital $70,000 $70,000 $70,000
Retained Earnings ($6,275) ($35,135) ($60,902)
Earnings ($28,860) ($25,767) ($7,828)
Total Capital $34,865 $9,098 $1,271
Total Liabilities and Capital $46,901 $21,768 $19,895
Net Worth $34,865 $9,098 $1,271

8.6 Business Ratios

The following table illustrates Business Ratios specific to this company as well as the industry.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 0.00% 53.41% 53.66% 4.21%
Percent of Total Assets
Other Current Assets 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 36.72%
Total Current Assets 93.18% 88.97% 91.94% 63.63%
Long-term Assets 6.82% 11.03% 8.06% 36.37%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 25.66% 58.20% 93.61% 32.89%
Long-term Liabilities 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 18.63%
Total Liabilities 25.66% 58.20% 93.61% 51.52%
Net Worth 74.34% 41.80% 6.39% 48.48%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 32.98% 29.07% 29.07% 34.93%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 56.89% 42.98% 31.82% 22.73%
Advertising Expenses 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.73%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes -23.91% -13.91% -2.75% 1.04%
Main Ratios
Current 3.63 1.53 0.98 1.48
Quick 3.63 1.53 0.98 1.22
Total Debt to Total Assets 25.66% 58.20% 93.61% 57.32%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth -82.78% -283.20% -615.95% 2.62%
Pre-tax Return on Assets -61.53% -118.37% -39.34% 6.14%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin -23.91% -13.91% -2.75% n.a
Return on Equity -82.78% -283.20% -615.95% n.a
Activity Ratios
Accounts Payable Turnover 8.50 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 29 25 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 2.57 8.51 14.30 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 0.35 1.39 14.66 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 1.00 1.00 1.00 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $31,664 $6,696 ($332) n.a
Interest Coverage 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.39 0.12 0.07 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 26% 58% 94% n.a
Acid Test 3.63 1.53 0.98 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 3.46 20.35 223.92 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a

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Appendix

Sales Forecast
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales
New Users 0% $0 $1,208 $1,964 $2,305 $2,941 $3,512 $3,593 $3,756 $3,865 $4,113 $4,328 $4,910
Advanced 0% $0 $2,323 $3,776 $4,432 $5,656 $6,754 $6,909 $7,223 $7,432 $7,909 $8,323 $9,443
Others 0% $0 $465 $755 $886 $1,131 $1,351 $1,382 $1,445 $1,486 $1,582 $1,665 $1,889
Total Sales $0 $3,996 $6,495 $7,623 $9,728 $11,617 $11,883 $12,424 $12,783 $13,603 $14,316 $16,242
Direct Cost of Sales Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
New Users $0 $604 $982 $1,152 $1,471 $1,756 $1,796 $1,878 $1,932 $2,056 $2,164 $2,455
Advanced $0 $1,998 $3,247 $3,812 $4,864 $5,808 $5,942 $6,212 $6,392 $6,802 $7,158 $8,121
Others $0 $232 $378 $443 $566 $675 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $0 $2,834 $4,607 $5,407 $6,901 $8,239 $7,738 $8,090 $8,324 $8,858 $9,322 $10,576
Personnel Plan
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
John 0% $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500
Part time employees 0% $0 $0 $0 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Total People 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
Total Payroll $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500

General Assumptions
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Plan Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales $0 $3,996 $6,495 $7,623 $9,728 $11,617 $11,883 $12,424 $12,783 $13,603 $14,316 $16,242
Direct Cost of Sales $0 $2,834 $4,607 $5,407 $6,901 $8,239 $7,738 $8,090 $8,324 $8,858 $9,322 $10,576
Other Costs of Sales $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $0 $2,834 $4,607 $5,407 $6,901 $8,239 $7,738 $8,090 $8,324 $8,858 $9,322 $10,576
Gross Margin $0 $1,162 $1,888 $2,216 $2,828 $3,377 $4,145 $4,334 $4,459 $4,745 $4,994 $5,666
Gross Margin % 0.00% 29.08% 29.06% 29.07% 29.07% 29.07% 34.88% 34.88% 34.88% 34.88% 34.88% 34.88%
Expenses
Payroll $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200
Depreciation $67 $67 $67 $67 $67 $67 $67 $67 $67 $67 $67 $67
Rent $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700 $700
Utilities $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150
Insurance $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150 $150
Payroll Taxes 15% $375 $375 $375 $600 $600 $600 $675 $675 $675 $675 $675 $675
Other $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $4,142 $4,142 $4,142 $5,867 $5,867 $5,867 $6,442 $6,442 $6,442 $6,442 $6,442 $6,442
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($4,142) ($2,980) ($2,254) ($3,650) ($3,039) ($2,489) ($2,296) ($2,108) ($1,982) ($1,696) ($1,448) ($776)
EBITDA ($4,075) ($2,913) ($2,187) ($3,584) ($2,972) ($2,423) ($2,230) ($2,041) ($1,916) ($1,630) ($1,381) ($709)
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Net Profit ($4,142) ($2,980) ($2,254) ($3,650) ($3,039) ($2,489) ($2,296) ($2,108) ($1,982) ($1,696) ($1,448) ($776)
Net Profit/Sales 0.00% -74.58% -34.71% -47.89% -31.24% -21.43% -19.32% -16.97% -15.51% -12.47% -10.11% -4.78%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $0 $3,996 $6,495 $7,623 $9,728 $11,617 $11,883 $12,424 $12,783 $13,603 $14,316 $16,242
Subtotal Cash from Operations $0 $3,996 $6,495 $7,623 $9,728 $11,617 $11,883 $12,424 $12,783 $13,603 $14,316 $16,242
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 0.00% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $0 $3,996 $6,495 $7,623 $9,728 $11,617 $11,883 $12,424 $12,783 $13,603 $14,316 $16,242
Expenditures Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500 $4,500
Bill Payments $53 $1,669 $4,468 $6,216 $7,257 $8,745 $10,025 $9,625 $9,973 $10,217 $10,749 $11,239
Subtotal Spent on Operations $2,553 $4,169 $6,968 $10,216 $11,257 $12,745 $14,525 $14,125 $14,473 $14,717 $15,249 $15,739
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $2,553 $4,169 $6,968 $10,216 $11,257 $12,745 $14,525 $14,125 $14,473 $14,717 $15,249 $15,739
Net Cash Flow ($2,553) ($174) ($473) ($2,593) ($1,528) ($1,128) ($2,642) ($1,701) ($1,690) ($1,113) ($933) $503
Cash Balance $57,173 $56,999 $56,525 $53,932 $52,404 $51,275 $48,634 $46,932 $45,243 $44,130 $43,197 $43,700
Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $59,725 $57,173 $56,999 $56,525 $53,932 $52,404 $51,275 $48,634 $46,932 $45,243 $44,130 $43,197 $43,700
Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Current Assets $59,725 $57,173 $56,999 $56,525 $53,932 $52,404 $51,275 $48,634 $46,932 $45,243 $44,130 $43,197 $43,700
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $67 $133 $200 $266 $333 $400 $466 $533 $599 $666 $733 $799
Total Long-term Assets $4,000 $3,933 $3,867 $3,800 $3,734 $3,667 $3,600 $3,534 $3,467 $3,401 $3,334 $3,267 $3,201
Total Assets $63,725 $61,106 $60,865 $60,326 $57,666 $56,071 $54,876 $52,167 $50,400 $48,643 $47,464 $46,464 $46,901
Liabilities and Capital Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $0 $1,523 $4,262 $5,976 $6,967 $8,411 $9,705 $9,293 $9,633 $9,859 $10,375 $10,824 $12,036
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $0 $1,523 $4,262 $5,976 $6,967 $8,411 $9,705 $9,293 $9,633 $9,859 $10,375 $10,824 $12,036
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $0 $1,523 $4,262 $5,976 $6,967 $8,411 $9,705 $9,293 $9,633 $9,859 $10,375 $10,824 $12,036
Paid-in Capital $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000 $70,000
Retained Earnings ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275) ($6,275)
Earnings $0 ($4,142) ($7,121) ($9,375) ($13,026) ($16,065) ($18,554) ($20,850) ($22,958) ($24,940) ($26,637) ($28,084) ($28,860)
Total Capital $63,725 $59,583 $56,604 $54,350 $50,699 $47,660 $45,171 $42,875 $40,767 $38,785 $37,088 $35,641 $34,865
Total Liabilities and Capital $63,725 $61,106 $60,865 $60,326 $57,666 $56,071 $54,876 $52,167 $50,400 $48,643 $47,464 $46,464 $46,901
Net Worth $63,725 $59,583 $56,604 $54,350 $50,699 $47,660 $45,171 $42,875 $40,767 $38,785 $37,088 $35,641 $34,865

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