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Lowland Heights Roadhouse

Executive Summary

Introduction
The long-term goal of Lowland Heights Roadhouse for temporary lodging, restaurant, bar and RV Park by creating a differentiated experience capitalizing on personal service, the historical nature of the Roadhouse buildings, and its unique location in one of the most attractive parts of South Central Weststate. We plan to be more than a great lodging, restaurant, bar and RV Park. We plan to create an environment of pampered luxury that surpasses the standard fare for Dusty Corners. Expanding our exposure via the Internet and introducing the Greenhorn Valley to people that have not yet discovered this year-round paradise will allow us to maintain a higher than average occupancy rate and above average profits.

Location
The Lowland Heights Roadhouse is located in South Central Weststate at the northern end of the Greenhorn Valley and is surrounded by the Ombligo de Dios mountain range on the east and the Lost Pony hills on the west. The Roadhouse is located on a main thoroughfare Route 173, located approximately 52 miles north of Silver Gulch and 47 miles southwest of Friday Falls. 

The Company
Lowland Heights Roadhouse is an established Motel and RV Park, and has been in operation for the last forty-four years as Thirsty Creek Lodge and The Lodge at Lowland Heights. After taking possession and a brief period of becoming established, we added a restaurant to ensure a steady flow of patrons (hunters, tourists and locals) through its doors. The past four owners had only owned the property for two to three years each, the business has not been operated to its fullest capacity and was run down. Next spring we plan on adding a full service coin-operated laundry facility (washing, drying, and optional folding) along with a four bay self-serve car wash.

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse is a dba of Golden Cholla Enterprises LLC, a Weststate Corporation owned and operated by Tory Britts and assisted by her husband Gisli Njerdginsyn.

Britts and Njerdginsyn will operate the Roadhouse as a hunting resort during the months of September to December. During the rest of the year it will operate as a vacation resort (January to August). The lodge will be opened year round 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Our Services
The Lowland Heights Roadhouse was originally built in 1954. Each of our rooms is equipped with two double beds or a queen bed, and rooms with a second bedroom or kitchenette are available. We have a full-service restaurant, a bar with a dance floor that provides live entertainment, and eight RV sites with hook-ups. Next spring we will be putting in full-service coin-operated laundry facilities (washing, drying, and optional folding) along with a four-bay self-serve car wash. The Roadhouse also has on-site front desk service. The buildings have undergone a number of restorations and we plan more, possibly adding 10 more motel units next spring. 

As the Roadhouse becomes established through the peak season, we plan to expand our services to the residents of Dusty Corners and surrounding cities in time for the off-season. The large dance floor area is ideal for formal or informal gatherings (e.g. wedding receptions, club meetings, Christmas parties, family reunions, etc.).

The Market
Lowland Heights Roadhouse’s target market strategy is based on becoming a destination choice for the people in the Greenhorn Valley who are looking for a place to relax or recharge. The target markets that we are going to pursue are people or families looking for a vacation destination, honeymooners, family reunions, hunters, and drop-in customers. Our setting and facility is a natural for people or families to visit, what with the Greenhorn Valley having so many outdoor things to do. A modest projection for increased unit rental is 30% per year, and since there is no laundromat or car wash within 50 miles the sky’s the limit since there is no competition.

The restaurant has increased in sales weekly as the only competition is a Mexican food restaurant in town and nothing else for 20 miles. This projection is without any significant increase in advertising or exposure, but is based on the general average increase in tourism.

Our three major customer segments are tourists, hunters from all over the United States since this area is known for great hunting of elk and deer, and local patrons who need the facilities for various events. Subscriptions to various Web services will provide international exposure to potential customers for nominal annual fees, plus we have a website http//www.lodgeatlowlandheights.com. The Roadhouse would like to see a 10% increase in customers on a yearly basis.

Financial Considerations
Golden Cholla Enterprises LLC dba the Lowland Heights Roadhouse will be acquired via a Small Business Administration (SBA) loan with the buyers supplying 20% down. We are assuming an initial capital start-up, as shown in the Start-up table, for operating expenses which we have already contributed. 

We estimate average monthly fixed costs, including operating expenses and mortgage payment, as presented in the Financial Plan chapter below. Peak and off-season will have significant impact on the monthly earnings. For the first year, on-season revenues will offset off-season losses. As Lowland Heights Roadhouse builds its market position among the local patrons, we anticipate that off-season revenues will be enough to break even during that season.

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, executive summary chart image

1.1 Objectives

The objective of the Lowland Heights Roadhouse for the first three years of operation include:

  • Open the Lowland Heights Roadhouse “turnkey operation” with existing bookings from the previous owners, and new bookings under an uncreased rental rate after possession.
  • Exceeding the customer’s expectations for hunting and vacationing accommodations.
  • Maintaining a 90% occupancy rate each month.
  • Assembling an experience and effective staff.
  • To increase the number of clients by 10% each year.
  • Increase exposure and market using Internet technology and direct advertising.
  • Through incentives and increased exposure on the Internet, we hope to increase off-season occupancy by 30% the first year.
  • Increase off-season use by expanding into other uses for property (cater parties, receptions, weddings, etc.).

1.2 Keys to Success

The primary keys to success for the Lowland Heights Roadhouse will be based on the following factors:

  • Provide a facility that is first class with attention to detail.
  • Give each guest a sense that he or she is our top priority.
  • Provide quality meals.
  • Retain our guests to ensure repeat bookings and referrals.

1.3 Mission

The mission of Lowland Heights Roadhouse is to become the best choice in Prickly Pear County for temporary lodging by expanding our exposure via the Internet (with multiple networks and links), and introducing the area to market segments that have not yet discovered this year-round hunter’s dream. We plan to be more than a great Roadhouse. We plan to create an environment of conveniences that surpasses the standard fare for Dusty Corners.

The Roadhouse guests will have every need met to ensure his/her comfort. For special occasions, catered meals, chilled wine, etc. can be provided for an additional fee. During the weekends, guests will return to the Roadhouse in the evening and find a fine restaurant to dine at before turning in.

As the Lowland Heights Roadhouse becomes established through the peak season, we plan to expand our services to the residents of Dusty Corners and neighboring cities in time for the off-season. The large dining area can convert into a large area, ideal for formal or informal gatherings (i.e. wedding receptions, family reunions, Christmas parties, etc.). The outdoors, with its access to the mountains, opens several additional opportunities. With the capability for a catered reception inside, the Roadhouse will make events smooth and easy for the guests. As owners we intend to see that attention to detail and service and good food will be followed by a staff dedicated to each guest.

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Company Summary

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse is located in South Central Weststate at the northern end of the Greenhorn Valley and is surrounded by the Ombligo de Dios mountain range on the east and the Lost Pony Hills on the west. The Roadhouse is located on a main thoroughfare Route 173, located approximately 52 miles north of Silver Gulch and 47 miles southwest of Friday Falls. 

2.1 Company Ownership

Lowland Heights Roadhouse is a dba of Golden Cholla Enterprises LLC, a Weststate Corporation owned and operated by Tory Britts and assisted by her husband Gisli Njerdginsyn.

2.2 Start-up Summary

Tory Britts (owner) and husband Gisli Njerdginsyn will invest heavily in the business. Golden Cholla Enterprises LLC dba Lowland Heights Roadhouse will be acquired via a Small Business Administration (SBA) loan with Britts supplying a down payment on the property as part of her investment. 

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, company summary chart image

Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund $63,175
Start-up Assets to Fund $43,033
Total Funding Required $106,208
Assets
Non-cash Assets from Start-up $25,033
Cash Requirements from Start-up $18,000
Additional Cash Raised $205,582
Cash Balance on Starting Date $223,582
Total Assets $248,616
Liabilities and Capital
Liabilities
Current Borrowing $0
Long-term Liabilities $232,000
Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $1,047
Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $744
Total Liabilities $233,791
Capital
Planned Investment
Tory Britts $78,000
Investor $0
Additional Investment Requirement $0
Total Planned Investment $78,000
Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) ($63,175)
Total Capital $14,825
Total Capital and Liabilities $248,616
Total Funding $311,791
Start-up
Requirements
Start-up Expenses
Legal $2,300
Stationery etc. $75
Brochures $600
Property Downpayment $58,000
Lodge Setup $200
Lease until closing of Property $1,300
Direct – TV $200
Insurance $500
Total Start-up Expenses $63,175
Start-up Assets
Cash Required $18,000
Start-up Inventory $0
Other Current Assets $9,827
Long-term Assets $15,206
Total Assets $43,033
Total Requirements $106,208

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Services

Lowland Heights Roadhouse will offer customers eight 1-bedroom units and two 2-bedroom units. Two units have a kitchenette and 2 units can be used together as a suite. Each unit is equipped with two double beds or a queen bed.

We have a full-service restaurant, a bar with a dance floor that provides live entertainment, and eight RV sites with hook-ups. Next spring we will be putting in full-service coin-operated laundry facilities (washing, drying, and optional folding) along with a four bay self-serve car wash.

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Market Analysis Summary

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse’s target market strategy is based on becoming a destination choice for families and hunters in the greater Greenhorn Valley region who are looking for a place to relax or hunt or recharge. The target markets that we are going to pursue are people looking for a vacation or hunting destination, and drop-in customers. We envision many hunters from all over the United States, as some do now, coming to stay and hunt in this great Greenhorn Valley region. The setting and our facilities make the Lowland Heights Roadhouse a natural destination choice for people. The Roadhouse would like to see a 10% increase in customers on a yearly basis.

4.1 Market Segmentation

Our target market strategy is based on becoming a destination for people who are looking to get away for a vacation or an area to hunt in. Our marketing strategy is based on superior performance in the following areas:

  • Quality facilities
  • Beautiful location
  • Customer service

The target markets are separated into three segments; “Vacationers,” “Hunters,” and “Drop-ins.” The primary marketing opportunity is selling to these accessible target market segments by focusing on their vacation and recreational needs.

Vacationers
During the spring and summer months, the Lowland Heights Roadhouse area is a beautiful wilderness retreat with over 50 hiking trails nearby and other outdoor recreational activities.

Hunters
The Lowland Heights Roadhouse locale is one of the best hunting areas in the U.S.

Drop-ins
When rooms are available we will welcome the drop-in customer who is looking for a place to stay for the night. Our sign can be seen from Route 173, a main thoroughfare, and we expect to get quite a few drop-ins.

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
Hunters 15% 90,000 103,500 119,025 136,879 157,411 15.00%
Drop-ins 10% 20,000 22,000 24,200 26,620 29,282 10.00%
Spring & Summer Visitors 15% 60,000 69,000 79,350 91,253 104,941 15.00%
Total 14.45% 170,000 194,500 222,575 254,752 291,634 14.45%

4.2 Service Business Analysis

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse is a 10 room facility, restaurant, bar and RV Park that has full hook-ups that provides overnight lodging, and lunch, dinner and spirits in a country setting in the Greenhorn Valley. There is only one other restaurant and motel in the area. Most people who need lodging in the area make reservations in advance to assure room availability.

4.3 Competition and Buying Patterns

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse offers a unique country environment, which caters to an ever increasing group of travelers. Our Lodge creates a climate of home, where guests become temporary members of a larger family. The Roadhouse’s homey feel opens itself to guests, allowing them to participate and share in the richness of a community, while still allowing whatever degree of privacy is preferred. Meals or drinks can be shared with the innkeeper and other travelers allowing new relationships to be created and old ones enriched. Or, meals can be taken in the privacy of the guest’s room.

A variety of settings are available in the Roadhouse, situated to enable individuals or small groups to locate the perfect setting for whatever mood or activity one is pursuing (eating, drinking, watching television, playing pool, etc.). At the Roadhouse, a guest is a guest in one’s home, not a customer. It becomes a place to return to: at the end of a day, or during the next vacation (like going home).

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Strategy and Implementation Summary

The primary sales and marketing strategy for the Lowland Heights Roadhouse includes these factors:

  • To offer a motel, restaurant and RV Park facility that will appeal to the vacationer or hunter.
  • To provide unmatched customer service to our guests.
  • To concentrate our marketing in the greater Greenhorn Valley area.

5.1 Competitive Edge

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse sets itself apart from similar competition in the following ways.

  • Location: Having a motel, restaurant, bar, and RV Park all at one facility is a huge plus, because guests never have to leave.
  • Our rooms: Each room is individually decorated with a country setting that is tasteful and comfortable. You feel as if you have stepped back in time.
  • Customer service: Customer service is our number one priority. The Lowland Heights Roadhouse will treat each guest as if they are family.

Another significant advantage for the Lowland Heights Roadhouse is its location. Being located in the Greenhorn Valley area, the Roadhouse is uniquely positioned, centrally located to hunting areas, a national  park, and historical places.

5.2 Marketing Strategy

Our marketing strategy is based on becoming a destination for vacationers and hunters who are looking for truly beautiful and unique lodgings. With the greater Greenhorn Valley area our main target market the Lowland Heights Roadhouse will use several different approaches to advertise our facility. We will use the Yellow Pages to advertise, as well as develop a Web page that will show our Lodge with our motel, restaurant, bar and RV Park. On Route 173 we will have an eye catching sign that will alert potential drop-ins of our existence. The Roadhouse is confident that it will not take long, with word-of-mouth recommendations from past customers, to build up to full capacity.

With the right exposure, we believe that an un-tapped market of vacationers and hunters can be enticed to Greenhorn Valley and the Lowland Heights Roadhouse. Membership in WorldRes.com (an international Web catalog for lodging) will put us in front of millions of computer screens on a daily basis.

The WorldRes partner network allows real-time reservations on today’s most popular websites, including AOL, Yahoo!, and Lycos. In addition, WorldRes has developed exclusive relationships with destination and special activity websites and call centers. WorldRes provides a free connection to the SABRE travel agent system, providing access to over 100,000 agents worldwide, as well as to users of Travelocity, one of the most popular online travel sites.

All of this visibility is free, with the exception of a five to ten percent transaction fee for any booking made directly via the service and online; much less expensive, yet more comprehensive than traditional advertising. However, not all lodging patrons are computer savvy. Therefore, we will be placing seasonal specific advertisements in regional newspapers and major city magazines.

5.3 Sales Strategy

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse will rent its rooms directly to repeat customers, as well as via traditional travel agents and through the Internet. All reservations will be handled by Tory or Gisli. Repeat customers will have the privilege of priority reservations during the high season. As mentioned above, we will also list the Lowland Heights Roadhouse on www.worldres.com, which will make it available to millions of international tourists.

5.3.1 Sales Forecast

The sales forecast table is broken down into two main revenue streams: Reservations and Drop-ins. The sales forecast for the upcoming year is based on a 10% growth rate for direct sales. The Lowland Heights Roadhouse has 10 rooms to offer its guests at a rate of $44 – $89 per night. We expect the number of rooms occupied to increase as the year progresses. In spite of the economic unpredictability we are experiencing, these projections appear attainable and take the increasing base into consideration. Growth rates for the years 2005 and 2006 are based on percentage increases as follows:

  • Reservations: 10% growth rate per year.
  • Drop-ins: 10% growth rate per year.
Motel - hunting lodge business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales
Rooms $58,838 $560,000 $600,000
Food $36,556 $140,000 $180,000
RV Park $10,147 $145,000 $160,000
Bar $45,854 $70,000 $82,000
Total Sales $151,394 $915,000 $1,022,000
Direct Cost of Sales Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Rooms $300 $500 $600
Food $6,865 $28,000 $36,000
RV Park $180 $250 $350
Bar $3,926 $6,100 $7,200
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $11,271 $34,850 $44,150

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Web Plan Summary

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse website will focus on the features the Roadhouse has to offer. Each room with its different options will be on the site as well as pictures of the Roadhouse and the facilities that it has to offer. The lunch/dinner menu will be displayed. Room rates will be given, with maps on how to get to here. Attractions within 30 miles will be on the site and other local color will be shown. Reservations can be made online if the consumer wishes to do so.

6.1 Website Marketing Strategy

Our website marketing strategy will focus on Vacationers & Hunters who are looking for a vacation or hunting destination that is both close and comfortabley homelike. The Weststate area will be our main focal point. The Lowland Heights Roadhouse will promote through our website by using:

  • Detailed photos of the Roadhouse and surrounding area.
  • Price list of our rooms and our restaurant menu.

6.2 Development Requirements

Gisli Njerdginsyn, along with Website Pros, Inc. will develop the website. The site itself is up now and it will be an ongoing effort to add new information to the site as we see necessary. Gisli has 25 years in computers and management and has experience working with websites. Every aspect of the site will be handled by Tory (owner) and Gisli including company logo, Web page format, and maintenance of the site. Website Pros will host the site.

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Management Summary

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse will operate as an owner-occupied business. A small staff will be hired early next year consisting of a cook and maid along with a maintenance man. The rest of the tasks will be done by Tory and Gisli. 

Gisli right now is responsible for the outside maintenance of the grounds and cleaning of the motel rooms, and website activities. 

Tory will be the general manger, organize and decide on any management idea’s on the day-to-day operations on the inside. She will order product and food from the vendors, and both will handle reservations. Both Tory and Gisli will promote the Lowland Heights Roadhouse through the advertising methods discussed in the marketing strategy section. Tory will also do the cooking and bartendering. 

7.1 Personnel Plan

The personnel needed for the Lowland Heights Roadhouse are the following:

  • Manager
  • Assistant manager
  • Cook – to be hired in 2005
  • Maintenance person – to be hired in 2005
  • Cleaning person – to be hired in 2005

The Britts/Njerdginsyn family has outside income of $4,500 per month and will not be taking a salary for the first year of the business.

Personnel Plan
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Manager $0 $45,000 $48,000
Assistant Manager $0 $39,000 $42,000
Cook $1,200 $39,000 $42,000
Maintenance Staff $0 $52,000 $55,000
Cleaning Staff $1,200 $76,000 $79,000
Total People 5 10 10
Total Payroll $2,400 $251,000 $266,000

7.2 Management Information Systems

Tory Britts will be maintaining financial and accounting controls in its motel, restaurant and RV Park through the use of a sophisticated point-of-sale Royal cash register system and personal computer network using a computerized reservation system that is accessible for booking rooms on the Internet. The Royal and the personal computer network provides the Roadhouse management with daily and weekly information regarding sales, cash receipts, inventory, food and beverage costs, and other controllable operating expenses. We use Quickbooks for tracking and doing all our financial reports that are required to operate a business. 

7.3 Key Management

Tory Britts is President and principal owner of Golden Cholla Enterprises LLC which owns and operates Lowland Heights Roadhouse. I am currently leasing the business starting on July 6, 2004 until financing is completed, we have shown a profit. There is no historical data from the previous owners to compare it to. They will not release their tax returns during their ownership of the business, however different vendors and customer’s have stated that we are selling four to five times the amount of alcohol that they did. Our restaurant has been increasing in sales every week from word of mouth and advertising/promotions.

Prior to buying the Lowland Heights Roadhouse, I owned and operated an Internet business (ZooperDooper Deals). I purchased truck loads of clearance or discontinued items and sold them on Ebay. ZooperDooper Deals was started in August of 2000, operated until June 2004, and was a very successful business. I have not continued with the business since we moved to Weststate.

Prior to that in 1997-2004 I was on contract with Family Care Providers in Otherstate.

Position: Behavior Management Specialist and Therapeutic Provider

Duties:

  • Management of highest level of difficulty in juvenile clients
  • Scheduling and heading up weekly case management meetings between clients and team members
  • Determining and soliciting all special needs of clients involving specialists/psychiatric care/medications/treatment programs/school contacts
  • Determining and implementing therapeutic interventions
  • Attending court sessions and therapist meetings
  • Maintaining daily and weekly records on clients medications/progress/appointments /school records/strength of bonds to family members/reactions to medications and therapies etc.
  • Also cared for medically fragile infants on occasion: close monitoring and management of medication, specialist appointments, breathing machines, breathing treatments etc.

1990-1997 Ten-Galloon Saloon

Position: Shift Manager

Duties:

  • Management of bartenders, cocktail waitresses, kitchen help and janitorial service
  • Other duties included inventory, sales projections, promotions
  • Hiring, mentoring employees
  • Menu design, supply/vendor ordering, vendor contacts
  • Locating and auditioning bands/entertainment, employee scheduling
  • Ability to fill in for all positions when needed
  • Liaison to the coin company and slot machine repair company, handled major payout/jackpots and accompanying IRS paperwork
  • Involved in payroll
  • Multitude of other duties needed in running a large bar, 25 slot machines, a bar kitchen, entertainment, advertising and employees.

Training:

  • Certified in alcohol awareness
  • Attended and passed food handling and safety course in Lost Wages
  • Documented 80 hours per year in therapeutic management for the past 7 years
  • Certified in infant child and adult CPR and First Aid
  • Completed 2 online self directed small business courses to aid in my knowledge and abilities.

College:

  • Attended 1-1/2 years at State College
  • One year at Pleasantville Community College prenursing, chemistry, economics, accounting, business, anatomy & physiology.

All this past experience provides me with experience in leadership for management, developing operational and financial reports, implementing action plans to achieve those goals, and providing overall strategic direction to operate and manage and implement business goals for overall strategic direction for the business.

I plan on incorporating my past experiences into the operation of the Lowland Heights Roadhouse, becoming a very successful business in the Greenhorn Valley.

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Financial Plan

The Lowland Heights Roadhouse expects business to grow steadily until we are at an average of over 60% capacity for the year 2004 with a conservative capacity rate of 50% expected at times. The year 2005 we expect business to grow steadily until we are at an average of over 90% capacity. We will be growing slowly with profits growing at a rate of about 10%. Expenses will be well managed, allowing Lowland Heights Roadhouse to make a profit even if the capacity rate drops as low as 50%.

8.1 Break-even Analysis

We estimate average monthly fixed costs shown below. Peak and off-season will have significant impact on the monthly earnings. For the first year, on-season revenues will offset off-season losses. As Lowland Heights Roadhouse builds its market position among the local patrons, we anticipate that off-season revenues will be enough to break even during that season. Further, a rate increase may be considered in Fiscal Year 2005.

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, financial plan chart image

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Revenue Break-even $4,103
Assumptions:
Average Percent Variable Cost 7%
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $3,797

8.2 Projected Profit and Loss

Below is the Lowland Heights Roadhouse projected income statement for the next three years. As mentioned above, earnings are subject to seasonal fluctuations. The new owners will, however, strengthen the Lowland Heights Roadhouse’s market position among the local communities who will patronize the establishment during the low season, and thus offset the negative impact of the season.

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, financial plan chart image

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, financial plan chart image

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, financial plan chart image

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $151,394 $915,000 $1,022,000
Direct Cost of Sales $11,271 $34,850 $44,150
Other Production Expenses $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $11,271 $34,850 $44,150
Gross Margin $140,123 $880,150 $977,850
Gross Margin % 92.56% 96.19% 95.68%
Expenses
Payroll $2,400 $251,000 $266,000
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $1,160 $80,000 $100,000
Depreciation $14,280 $14,280 $14,280
Leased Equipment $0 $0 $0
Utilities $3,725 $26,000 $26,000
Insurance $2,700 $24,000 $24,000
Lease $7,300 $0 $0
Mortgage Payment $14,000 $62,100 $65,700
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $45,565 $457,380 $495,980
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $94,558 $422,770 $481,870
EBITDA $108,838 $437,050 $496,150
Interest Expense $22,850 $20,500 $17,500
Taxes Incurred $21,512 $120,681 $139,311
Net Profit $50,195 $281,589 $325,059
Net Profit/Sales 33.16% 30.77% 31.81%

8.3 Projected Cash Flow

The Cash Flow projections are outlined below. Again, these projections are based on our basic assumptions with revenue generation factors carrying the most significant weight regarding the outcome. We are anticipating that we will not need to invest any additional capital into the business with a healthy cash flow in place.

Motel - hunting lodge business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $151,394 $915,000 $1,022,000
Subtotal Cash from Operations $151,394 $915,000 $1,022,000
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $151,394 $915,000 $1,022,000
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $2,400 $251,000 $266,000
Bill Payments $78,949 $347,991 $413,786
Subtotal Spent on Operations $81,349 $598,991 $679,786
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $12,000 $30,000 $30,000
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $18,000 $21,000
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $20,000 $60,000
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $93,349 $666,991 $790,786
Net Cash Flow $58,044 $248,009 $231,214
Cash Balance $281,627 $529,636 $760,850

8.4 Projected Balance Sheet

The following is a projected Balance Sheet showing sufficient growth and a very acceptable financial position.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $281,627 $529,636 $760,850
Inventory $1,199 $3,707 $4,697
Other Current Assets $9,827 $27,827 $48,827
Total Current Assets $292,653 $561,170 $814,373
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $15,206 $35,206 $95,206
Accumulated Depreciation $14,280 $28,560 $42,840
Total Long-term Assets $926 $6,646 $52,366
Total Assets $293,579 $567,817 $866,740
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $7,815 $30,464 $34,327
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $744 $744 $744
Subtotal Current Liabilities $8,559 $31,207 $35,071
Long-term Liabilities $220,000 $190,000 $160,000
Total Liabilities $228,559 $221,207 $195,071
Paid-in Capital $78,000 $78,000 $78,000
Retained Earnings ($63,175) ($12,980) $268,609
Earnings $50,195 $281,589 $325,059
Total Capital $65,020 $346,609 $671,668
Total Liabilities and Capital $293,579 $567,817 $866,740
Net Worth $65,020 $346,609 $671,668

8.5 Business Ratios

Business ratios for the years of this plan are shown below. Industry profile ratios based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code 7011, Hotels and Motels, are shown for comparison.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 0.00% 504.38% 11.69% 0.21%
Percent of Total Assets
Inventory 0.41% 0.65% 0.54% 1.31%
Other Current Assets 3.35% 4.90% 5.63% 28.59%
Total Current Assets 99.68% 98.83% 93.96% 33.99%
Long-term Assets 0.32% 1.17% 6.04% 66.01%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 2.92% 5.50% 4.05% 10.26%
Long-term Liabilities 74.94% 33.46% 18.46% 25.87%
Total Liabilities 77.85% 38.96% 22.51% 36.13%
Net Worth 22.15% 61.04% 77.49% 63.87%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 92.56% 96.19% 95.68% 100.00%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 83.02% 65.42% 63.87% 70.85%
Advertising Expenses 39.63% 8.74% 9.78% 1.66%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes 62.46% 46.20% 47.15% 1.26%
Main Ratios
Current 34.19 17.98 23.22 1.68
Quick 34.05 17.86 23.09 1.29
Total Debt to Total Assets 77.85% 38.96% 22.51% 50.04%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth 110.28% 116.06% 69.14% 0.88%
Pre-tax Return on Assets 24.43% 70.85% 53.58% 1.76%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin 33.16% 30.77% 31.81% n.a
Return on Equity 77.20% 81.24% 48.40% n.a
Activity Ratios
Inventory Turnover 7.85 14.21 10.51 n.a
Accounts Payable Turnover 10.97 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 19 28 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 0.52 1.61 1.18 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 3.52 0.64 0.29 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 0.04 0.14 0.18 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $284,094 $529,963 $779,302 n.a
Interest Coverage 4.14 20.62 27.54 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 1.94 0.62 0.85 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 3% 5% 4% n.a
Acid Test 34.05 17.86 23.09 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 2.33 2.64 1.52 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a

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Appendix

Sales Forecast
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales
Rooms 0% $2,042 $3,354 $4,682 $16,500 $8,250 $3,245 $2,565 $2,650 $2,650 $3,850 $4,200 $4,850
Food 0% $278 $838 $1,540 $5,350 $4,950 $2,850 $2,850 $2,850 $3,150 $3,250 $3,250 $5,400
RV Park 0% $163 $142 $492 $3,250 $2,250 $1,675 $850 $500 $300 $175 $100 $250
Bar 0% $3,501 $2,849 $2,808 $6,250 $5,245 $3,450 $3,400 $3,400 $3,400 $3,400 $3,400 $4,750
Total Sales $5,984 $7,183 $9,522 $31,350 $20,695 $11,220 $9,665 $9,400 $9,500 $10,675 $10,950 $15,250
Direct Cost of Sales Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Rooms $25 $25 $25 $25 $25 $25 $25 $25 $25 $25 $25 $25
Food $75 $65 $125 $1,050 $900 $625 $625 $625 $675 $675 $675 $750
RV Park $15 $15 $15 $15 $15 $15 $15 $15 $15 $15 $15 $15
Bar $1,250 $150 $175 $476 $375 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $1,365 $255 $340 $1,566 $1,315 $865 $865 $865 $915 $915 $915 $1,090
Personnel Plan
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Manager 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Assistant Manager 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Cook 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $300 $300 $300 $300
Maintenance Staff 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Cleaning Staff 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $300 $300 $300 $300
Total People 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 5 5 50 5
Total Payroll $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $600 $600 $600 $600

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales $5,984 $7,183 $9,522 $31,350 $20,695 $11,220 $9,665 $9,400 $9,500 $10,675 $10,950 $15,250
Direct Cost of Sales $1,365 $255 $340 $1,566 $1,315 $865 $865 $865 $915 $915 $915 $1,090
Other Production Expenses $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $1,365 $255 $340 $1,566 $1,315 $865 $865 $865 $915 $915 $915 $1,090
Gross Margin $4,619 $6,928 $9,182 $29,784 $19,380 $10,355 $8,800 $8,535 $8,585 $9,760 $10,035 $14,160
Gross Margin % 77.19% 96.45% 96.43% 95.00% 93.65% 92.29% 91.05% 90.80% 90.37% 91.43% 91.64% 92.85%
Expenses
Payroll $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $600 $600 $600 $600
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $0 $0 $0 $210 $85 $100 $100 $100 $125 $145 $145 $150
Depreciation $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190 $1,190
Leased Equipment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Utilities $187 $168 $410 $260 $250 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350
Insurance $225 $225 $225 $225 $225 $225 $225 $225 $225 $225 $225 $225
Lease $1,300 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $1,500 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Mortgage Payment 15% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Other $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $2,902 $3,083 $3,325 $3,385 $3,250 $3,865 $3,865 $3,865 $4,490 $4,510 $4,510 $4,515
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $1,717 $3,845 $5,857 $26,399 $16,130 $6,490 $4,935 $4,670 $4,095 $5,250 $5,525 $9,645
EBITDA $2,907 $5,035 $7,047 $27,589 $17,320 $7,680 $6,125 $5,860 $5,285 $6,440 $6,715 $10,835
Interest Expense $1,933 $1,933 $1,933 $1,933 $1,933 $1,933 $1,917 $1,900 $1,883 $1,867 $1,850 $1,833
Taxes Incurred ($65) $574 $1,177 $7,340 $4,259 $1,367 $905 $831 $664 $1,015 $1,103 $2,344
Net Profit ($152) $1,338 $2,746 $17,126 $9,938 $3,190 $2,113 $1,939 $1,548 $2,368 $2,573 $5,468
Net Profit/Sales -2.53% 18.63% 28.84% 54.63% 48.02% 28.43% 21.86% 20.63% 16.30% 22.19% 23.49% 35.86%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $5,984 $7,183 $9,522 $31,350 $20,695 $11,220 $9,665 $9,400 $9,500 $10,675 $10,950 $15,250
Subtotal Cash from Operations $5,984 $7,183 $9,522 $31,350 $20,695 $11,220 $9,665 $9,400 $9,500 $10,675 $10,950 $15,250
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 0.00% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $5,984 $7,183 $9,522 $31,350 $20,695 $11,220 $9,665 $9,400 $9,500 $10,675 $10,950 $15,250
Expenditures Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $600 $600 $600 $600
Bill Payments $1,262 $6,379 $4,428 $5,532 $13,698 $9,214 $6,959 $6,494 $6,401 $6,225 $5,637 $6,720
Subtotal Spent on Operations $1,262 $6,379 $4,428 $5,532 $13,698 $9,214 $6,959 $6,494 $7,001 $6,825 $6,237 $7,320
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $1,262 $6,379 $4,428 $5,532 $13,698 $9,214 $8,959 $8,494 $9,001 $8,825 $8,237 $9,320
Net Cash Flow $4,722 $805 $5,093 $25,818 $6,997 $2,006 $706 $906 $499 $1,850 $2,713 $5,930
Cash Balance $228,304 $229,109 $234,203 $260,020 $267,017 $269,023 $269,729 $270,635 $271,134 $272,984 $275,696 $281,627

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $223,582 $228,304 $229,109 $234,203 $260,020 $267,017 $269,023 $269,729 $270,635 $271,134 $272,984 $275,696 $281,627
Inventory $0 $1,502 $1,247 $907 $1,723 $1,447 $1,582 $1,717 $1,852 $1,937 $1,022 $1,107 $1,199
Other Current Assets $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827 $9,827
Total Current Assets $233,409 $239,633 $240,183 $244,936 $271,570 $278,291 $280,432 $281,272 $282,313 $282,897 $283,832 $286,630 $292,653
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206 $15,206
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $1,190 $2,380 $3,570 $4,760 $5,950 $7,140 $8,330 $9,520 $10,710 $11,900 $13,090 $14,280
Total Long-term Assets $15,206 $14,016 $12,826 $11,636 $10,446 $9,256 $8,066 $6,876 $5,686 $4,496 $3,306 $2,116 $926
Total Assets $248,616 $253,649 $253,009 $256,572 $282,016 $287,547 $288,498 $288,149 $288,000 $287,394 $287,139 $288,746 $293,579
Liabilities and Capital Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $1,047 $6,232 $4,253 $5,070 $13,388 $8,982 $6,743 $6,281 $6,192 $6,039 $5,415 $6,450 $7,815
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744 $744
Subtotal Current Liabilities $1,791 $6,976 $4,997 $5,814 $14,132 $9,725 $7,487 $7,024 $6,936 $6,782 $6,159 $7,194 $8,559
Long-term Liabilities $232,000 $232,000 $232,000 $232,000 $232,000 $232,000 $232,000 $230,000 $228,000 $226,000 $224,000 $222,000 $220,000
Total Liabilities $233,791 $238,976 $236,997 $237,814 $246,132 $241,725 $239,487 $237,024 $234,936 $232,782 $230,159 $229,194 $228,559
Paid-in Capital $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000 $78,000
Retained Earnings ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175) ($63,175)
Earnings $0 ($152) $1,187 $3,933 $21,059 $30,997 $34,186 $36,299 $38,238 $39,786 $42,155 $44,727 $50,195
Total Capital $14,825 $14,673 $16,012 $18,758 $35,884 $45,822 $49,011 $51,124 $53,063 $54,611 $56,980 $59,552 $65,020
Total Liabilities and Capital $248,616 $253,649 $253,009 $256,572 $282,016 $287,547 $288,498 $288,149 $288,000 $287,394 $287,139 $288,746 $293,579
Net Worth $14,825 $14,673 $16,012 $18,758 $35,884 $45,822 $49,011 $51,124 $53,063 $54,611 $56,980 $59,552 $65,020

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