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Malone's Maternity

Executive Summary

Malone’s Maternity, a start-up company, is a boutique style retailer of maternity and child clothing and accessories. Malone’s Maternity will offer its customers a wide range of upscale products to choose from. The business has been formed as an Ohio corporation by Sandy Malone. By offering a nice selection of upper-end merchandise with benchmarked customer service, Malone’s Maternity will quickly gain market share.

The Market
Malone’s Maternity has identified two distinct market segments to target. The first segment is the actual parents, those that are buying the products for themselves or for their spouses. This segment is growing at an impressive 9% annual rate and contains 135,457 potential customers. The second group are friends and other people buying gifts. This market segment has a 8% annual growth rate with 299,454 potential customers.

The Concept
Imagine this. You walk into a new retail space and it is an upscale boutique, as if you were on Fifth Avenue or Beverly Hills Drive. But wait, the clothes are not for upscale models, but for expecting moms and their infants/kids. While this may seem a bit unusual, it is truly needed. Fashion conscious women have been looking for an upscale boutique where they can get good looking, chic clothing for themselves as well as fashionable clothes for the toddlers and a wide range of gifts and accessories. While there is one other store in the Cleveland Metropolitan area that sells clothes at a similar price point, the store itself does not communicate the feeling of an exclusive boutique. Malone’s Maternity will thrive by offering upscale products to upscale clients.

Management
Malone’s Maternity will be led by its founder Sandy Malone. Sandy has an undergraduate degree in Sociology. Upon graduation Sandy went to work for Saks Fifth Avenue, an upscale retail chain. Within four years Sandy was one of the main buyers for the entire chain, a job that provided her with unique insight into the retail industry. Sandy spent several years in this position, collecting a wealth of knowledge and developing important skills. Then Sandy underwent the necessary practical experience for this venture, she had three children. Sandy became keenly aware of the lack of high end offerings available in the Cleveland area for expecting mothers and their small children. With this insight, industry experience, and important skill sets, Sandy will lead Malone’s Maternity to become the premier boutique in the area. Malone’s Maternity will achieve strong sales for years two and three while earning moderate net profit for those years.

Maternity clothing business plan, executive summary chart image

1.1 Objectives

  • To create a maternity clothes and accessory boutique.
  • Quickly gain market share by addressing the upper-end price point of maternity and infant clothing.
  • To become profitable within two years.

1.2 Mission

It is Malone’s Maternity’s mission to become the premier maternity boutique for the upscale expectant mother and her child. This will be accomplished by offering the newest fashions and the highest level of customer attention.

1.3 Keys to Success

  • Offer the finest maternity clothing and accessories for the mothers and children.
  • Pamper the customers.
  • Develop a strict financial control regime for the business.
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Company Summary

Malone’s Maternity was formed by Sandy Malone as an Ohio registered corporation.

2.1 Company Ownership

Sandy Malone is the primary shareholder in Malone’s Maternity.

2.2 Start-up Summary

Malone’s Maternity will incur the following start-up expenses:

  • Point of purchase computer with back-end server.
  • Additional computer for the office with an Internet connection and laser printer. Required software is Business Plan Pro, Microsoft Office, QuickBooks Pro.
  • Three extension phone system.
  • Copier and fax machine.
  • Two office desk setups.
  • Various shelving on the walls
  • Build-out expenses including the shelving units, store fixtures, changing rooms, various chairs and couches, etc.
Maternity clothing business plan, company summary chart image

Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund $65,950
Start-up Assets to Fund $74,050
Total Funding Required $140,000
Assets
Non-cash Assets from Start-up $22,500
Cash Requirements from Start-up $51,550
Additional Cash Raised $0
Cash Balance on Starting Date $51,550
Total Assets $74,050
Liabilities and Capital
Liabilities
Current Borrowing $0
Long-term Liabilities $0
Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $0
Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $0
Total Liabilities $0
Capital
Planned Investment
Investor 1 $55,000
Investor 2 $45,000
Other $40,000
Additional Investment Requirement $0
Total Planned Investment $140,000
Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) ($65,950)
Total Capital $74,050
Total Capital and Liabilities $74,050
Total Funding $140,000
Start-up
Requirements
Start-up Expenses
Legal $2,500
Stationery etc. $500
Brochures $250
Consultants $0
Insurance $200
Rent $2,500
Research and Development $0
Build-out $50,000
Inventory $10,000
Total Start-up Expenses $65,950
Start-up Assets
Cash Required $51,550
Start-up Inventory $0
Other Current Assets $3,500
Long-term Assets $19,000
Total Assets $74,050
Total Requirements $140,000

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Products

Malone’s Maternity is a new boutique that offers a wide range of fancy maternity clothes and accessories as well as baby clothing. The concept is to offer high-end products for both the mother and child in one store. This level of convenience is not offered by anyone else. While there is one other store that offers upscale maternity clothing, no one offers products for both mother and child in the same store. Some of Malone’s Maternity’s product offerings include:

  • Maternity clothes.
  • Baby clothes.
  • New mother gift baskets.
  • Gift registries.
  • Fancy photo albums.
  • New baby pamper kits (a nice assortment of oils, soaps, and other luxuries).
  • Assorted fancy containers for diapers and wet wipes.
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Market Analysis Summary

Malone’s Maternity has identified two distinct attractive market segments. The first segment includes expecting and just delivered mothers. The second segment encompasses family, friends, coworkers, and others purchasing gifts. Malone’s Maternity operates within the large maternity industry, which offers a wide range of products for mothers and children. Malone’s Maternity will compete within the upper echelon of this market.

4.1 Market Segmentation

Malone’s Maternity has identified two particularly attractive market segments.

Parents – This segment is primarily the expecting mother, and also includes the father.

  • Ages 24-34, median age 32.
  • Household income above $80,000.
  • Go out to eat 2.3 times a week.
  • 89% have an undergraduate degree.
  • 39% have a graduate degree.
  • Spend $350 a month on clothing for themselves.

Family & Friends – This segment is buying gifts for the new parents and child. They are looking for something upscale, something that would be really enjoyed.

  • Ages 32-57.
  • Household income greater than $83,000.
  • Go out to eat 2.1 times a week.
  • 83% have an undergraduate degree.
  • 23% have a graduate degree.
Maternity clothing business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
Parents 4% 135,457 140,875 146,510 152,370 158,465 4.00%
Family & Friends 4% 299,454 311,432 323,889 336,845 350,319 4.00%
Total 4.00% 434,911 452,307 470,399 489,215 508,784 4.00%

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

Malone’s Maternity has chosen parents, and family and friends, as the two most attractive segments to target. These segments are the most desirable because they have high levels of disposable income, and they spend it. The parents are used to having fashionable clothes and accessories and it is totally consistent with their purchasing patterns that this preference would remain unchanged once they get pregnant. Many expecting parents like to reward or pamper themselves with nice gifts when they’re pregnant.

Family and friends are interested in buying nice gifts for their expecting friends. This segment recognizes their friend’s appreciation for nice things and are looking for something that they know they will enjoy. The gifts are meant to be something nice, and luxurious. Much of the current maternity wear and accessories are utility based, and while they serve their purpose, they are not the most engaging gift. Family and friends are looking for something that will stand out, that the new parents will truly enjoy.

4.3 Industry Analysis

The retail maternity and child industry is made up very specific retailers that generally do not have much crossover. This means that a retailer will concentrate on either maternity or children; it is rare for a retailer to offer products for both mother and child in the same store. While this is somewhat intuitive because it allows the retailer to remain focused on one thing, Malone’s Maternity believes that there are many lost opportunities in that case since maternity and children go hand in hand. Malone’s Maternity will capitalize on these missed opportunities and allow one-stop shopping for both mother and child.

Industry Trends

  • There is a shift in the new millennium toward a younger mom, beginning at age 20.
  • 82% of 20-24 year olds think motherhood is the most important job in the world compared with 72% of women age 24-34.
  • Molded cup nursing bras are the fastest growing product. They tend to give mothers a fresh, young look while keeping them pretty and confident.
  • There is an increase in active wear as a result of two factors:
    • New research indicates it is beneficial for women to exercise during and after pregnancy.
    • Women are becoming more athletic.
  • Cotton/Lycra blend has become the fabric of choice for comfort.
    • Cotton- for superior breathability.
    • Lycra- its body sculpting properties offer youthful, natural looking support, forgiving fit and easy-care properties.

4.3.1 Competition and Buying Patterns

Malone’s Maternity faces competition from several sources.

  • Mail order/Internet – Many retailers sell their products from remote locations that are accessible either by catalog or a Website. This provides the consumer with a wide selection. While this works for certain general items, it causes problems for clothing that must be tried on first. Especially for the expecting mother whose size is changing rapidly. Some mothers do not know what their size is due to fluctuation.
  • Local retailers – There are six different retailers within a 20 mile radius of Malone’s Maternity. Five of them cater to the mid-price point. The sixth is a higher end store carrying some of the same merchandise for the mother Malone’s Maternity will carry. While this store has similar stock, the store itself does not feel like a boutique. They have high-end merchandise but the store experience does not translate into high-end boutique. The store is somewhat drab. All of the local competing stores sell only maternity items. They do not offer anything for children.
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Strategy and Implementation Summary

Malone’s Maternity will leverage their competitive edge of product selection for both women and children to gain market share. Malone’s Maternity is the only store offering clothing and accessories for expectant and new mothers, as well as for infants and children. This will create unmatched convenience and lead to higher customer tickets.

The marketing strategy will be two-pronged in its attempt to increase the target customer’s awareness of Malone’s Maternity; a focused advertising campaign and the location of the retail space.

The sales strategy will be to offer the highest level of customer service. The ideal customer is accustomed to excellent service and Malone’s Maternity has the goal of impressing every customer with their benchmarked level of customer attention.

5.1 Competitive Edge

Malone’s Maternity’s competitive edge of product offerings for both mother and child offers two distinct advantages:

  • Convenience – Having items for both mother and child makes a trip to Malone’s Maternity convenient. Gifts for both groups can be purchased at once.
  • Higher tickets per customer – Because there are products for mothers and children, the ticket prices per customer will be higher as customers buy gifts for both as instead of only one. These customers typically buy gifts for both, but ordinarily have to travel to different stores to satisfy both needs.

5.2 Marketing Strategy

The marketing strategy has several approaches to develop awareness of this new boutique.

  • Advertising – Ads will be placed in several different media, but primarily in the fashion section of Cleveland’s The Plain Dealer, the region’s largest newspaper. The Plain Dealer also has a child birth/care section each week and advertisements will be placed there as well.
  • Location – Malone’s Maternity is located the store in an upscale mall that attracts a large amount of foot traffic. The additional money spent on rent will assist the marketing effort. By strategically locating the store in a posh, busy center Malone’s Maternity will increase awareness and traffic within the store.

5.3 Sales Strategy

The sales strategy will rely on customer service. All employees will receive training on customer attention. The overriding maxim is that all customers be given as much attention as they need, and, no customers should leave the store unsatisfied, even if they do not make a purchase. Employees will be taught how to handle any type of problem that may arise. All employees are empowered to remedy most problems. If something occurs that the employee is unable to fix, they will pass the issue on to the manager. The net effect of this approach is that customers are immediately greeted upon entering the store and in a subtle but helpful way their needs are met. Ensuring all customers are both satisfied and impressed with the service that they received, will ensure a steady increase in sales.

5.3.1 Sales Forecast

Malone’s Maternity has developed a sales forecast that is fairly conservative in its projections. This approach was chosen to increase the likelihood of achieving the sales goals. The following chart indicates that sales are expected to increase slowly. These forecasts will be monitored monthly to verify that the sales are rising as expected. The personnel needs, specifically for employees to help customers on the sales floor will be monitored to ensure that there are sufficient numbers of employees to serve the customers.

Maternity clothing business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Maternity clothing business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales
Parents $59,671 $149,090 $178,998
Family & Friends $53,644 $134,032 $160,919
Total Sales $113,315 $283,122 $339,917
Direct Cost of Sales Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Parents $23,868 $59,636 $71,599
Family & Friends $21,458 $53,613 $64,368
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $45,326 $113,249 $135,967

5.4 Milestones

Malone’s Maternity has identified four quantifiable milestones for the organization. By identifying four performance goals and setting the goals to be ambitious but obtainable, Malone’s Maternity will have developed a target for everyone to shoot for. The following table details the milestones.

Maternity clothing business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Milestones
Milestone Start Date End Date Budget Manager Department
Business plan completion 1/1/2003 2/15/2003 $0 Sandy Business formation
Secure store location 1/2/2003 1/30/2003 $0 Sandy Business formation
Store build-out 2/15/2003 3/15/2003 $0 Sandy Accounting
Grand Openning 3/16/2003 3/31/2003 $0 Sandy Accounting
Profitability 3/16/2003 6/30/2004 $0 Sandy Accounting
$300,000 in revenue 3/16/2003 9/30/2005 $0 All Sales
Totals $0

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Management Summary

Sandy Malone is the leader of the organization. Sandy received her undergraduate degree in sociology from Case Western Reserve. After graduation Sandy began to work for the Saks Fifth Avenue Corporation. Initially, Sandy was on the sales floor but she quickly moved up in the organization. After four years Sandy was one of the main buyers for the chain, in charge of procurement of inventory valued at $55 million.

After three years in this position Sandy had the first of three children. What struck Sandy as being odd was how difficult is was to get nice maternity clothes and the fact that although the mother and child are intertwined, she was forced to go to two different stores when she wanted to get something for herself and for the upcoming child. This phenomenon was something that she was aware of throughout the pregnancy of all three children. While she saw a business opportunity after her first child, she was unable to act upon it since she was dedicating her time to raising the children. After the second child Sandy began taking several management courses thinking that once her children were older, she wanted to operate her own business, capitalizing on this market opportunity. By the time that the third child was two years old Sandy was seriously considering opening her own business. She recognized that it would occupy significant amount of her time initially, but that over time she would be able to build it into a thriving business.

6.1 Personnel Plan

Malone’s Maternity has identified the following people or positions that will be needed to smoothly operate the business:

  • Sandy – As the owner, she will have a wide range of responsibilities including: purchasing, training and hiring, customer service, some accounting, and whatever else may come up.
  • Sales staff – Malone’s Maternity will employ several sales staff to help assist customers.
  • Manager – By year two Malone’s Maternity will hire a part-time manager to assist Sandy with operational responsibilities.
  • Bookkeeper – This person will perform accounts payable and receivable functions.
Personnel Plan
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sandy $24,000 $20,000 $24,000
Sales staff $14,000 $16,800 $16,800
Sales staff $12,600 $16,800 $16,800
Sales staff $9,800 $16,800 $16,800
Bookkeeper $8,000 $9,600 $9,600
Manager $0 $14,000 $14,000
Total People 5 6 6
Total Payroll $68,400 $94,000 $98,000

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Financial Plan

The following sections outline important financial information.

7.1 Important Assumptions

The following table details important Financial Assumptions.

General Assumptions
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Plan Month 1 2 3
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0

7.2 Projected Cash Flow

The following chart and table show the Projected Cash Flow.

Maternity clothing business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $113,315 $283,122 $339,917
Subtotal Cash from Operations $113,315 $283,122 $339,917
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $113,315 $283,122 $339,917
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $68,400 $94,000 $98,000
Bill Payments $93,011 $178,225 $208,176
Subtotal Spent on Operations $161,411 $272,225 $306,176
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $161,411 $272,225 $306,176
Net Cash Flow ($48,096) $10,897 $33,741
Cash Balance $3,454 $14,350 $48,092

7.3 Break-even Analysis

The Break-even Analysis indicates what will be needed in monthly revenue to achieve the break-even point.

Maternity clothing business plan, financial plan chart image

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Revenue Break-even $17,160
Assumptions:
Average Percent Variable Cost 40%
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $10,296

7.4 Projected Profit and Loss

The following table and charts illustrate the Projected Profit and Loss.

Maternity clothing business plan, financial plan chart image

Maternity clothing business plan, financial plan chart image

Maternity clothing business plan, financial plan chart image

Maternity clothing business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $113,315 $283,122 $339,917
Direct Cost of Sales $45,326 $113,249 $135,967
Other Costs of Goods $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $45,326 $113,249 $135,967
Gross Margin $67,989 $169,873 $203,950
Gross Margin % 60.00% 60.00% 60.00%
Expenses
Payroll $68,400 $94,000 $98,000
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $4,200 $4,400 $4,600
Depreciation $3,792 $3,792 $3,792
Rent $30,000 $30,900 $31,827
Utilities $3,000 $3,090 $3,120
Insurance $2,400 $2,400 $2,400
Payroll Taxes $10,260 $14,100 $14,700
Other $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Total Operating Expenses $123,552 $154,182 $159,939
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($55,563) $15,691 $44,011
EBITDA ($51,771) $19,483 $47,803
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $4,707 $13,203
Net Profit ($55,563) $10,984 $30,808
Net Profit/Sales -49.03% 3.88% 9.06%

7.5 Projected Balance Sheet

The following table presents the Projected Balance Sheet.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $3,454 $14,350 $48,092
Inventory $6,119 $15,288 $18,355
Other Current Assets $3,500 $3,500 $3,500
Total Current Assets $13,073 $33,138 $69,947
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $19,000 $19,000 $19,000
Accumulated Depreciation $3,792 $7,584 $11,376
Total Long-term Assets $15,208 $11,416 $7,624
Total Assets $28,281 $44,554 $77,571
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $9,793 $15,083 $17,292
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $9,793 $15,083 $17,292
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $9,793 $15,083 $17,292
Paid-in Capital $140,000 $140,000 $140,000
Retained Earnings ($65,950) ($121,513) ($110,529)
Earnings ($55,563) $10,984 $30,808
Total Capital $18,487 $29,471 $60,279
Total Liabilities and Capital $28,281 $44,554 $77,571
Net Worth $18,487 $29,471 $60,279

7.6 Business Ratios

The following table indicates Business Ratios specific to Malone’s Maternity and to the industry. Their NAICS industry class is currently Woman’s clothing including, Maternity clothing 448120. Please note that the variance in gross margin between Malone’s Maternity and the industry as a whole can be explained by the fact that Malone’s Maternity is a high-end boutique that enjoys above industry margins.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 0.00% 149.85% 20.06% -10.29%
Percent of Total Assets
Inventory 21.64% 34.31% 23.66% 41.71%
Other Current Assets 12.38% 7.86% 4.51% 22.42%
Total Current Assets 46.22% 74.38% 90.17% 89.70%
Long-term Assets 53.78% 25.62% 9.83% 10.30%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 34.63% 33.85% 22.29% 43.23%
Long-term Liabilities 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 13.53%
Total Liabilities 34.63% 33.85% 22.29% 56.76%
Net Worth 65.37% 66.15% 77.71% 43.24%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 23.67%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 109.03% 56.12% 50.94% 14.57%
Advertising Expenses 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.75%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes -49.03% 5.54% 12.95% 0.35%
Main Ratios
Current 1.33 2.20 4.05 1.84
Quick 0.71 1.18 2.98 0.72
Total Debt to Total Assets 34.63% 33.85% 22.29% 1.03%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth -300.55% 53.24% 73.01% 61.46%
Pre-tax Return on Assets -196.47% 35.22% 56.74% 2.68%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin -49.03% 3.88% 9.06% n.a
Return on Equity -300.55% 37.27% 51.11% n.a
Activity Ratios
Inventory Turnover 10.91 10.58 8.08 n.a
Accounts Payable Turnover 10.50 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 25 28 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 4.01 6.35 4.38 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 0.53 0.51 0.29 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 1.00 1.00 1.00 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $3,279 $18,055 $52,655 n.a
Interest Coverage 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.25 0.16 0.23 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 35% 34% 22% n.a
Acid Test 0.71 1.18 2.98 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 6.13 9.61 5.64 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a

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Appendix

Sales Forecast
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales
Parents 0% $0 $0 $4,340 $4,909 $5,232 $5,453 $5,890 $6,112 $6,323 $6,878 $7,211 $7,323
Family & Friends 0% $0 $0 $3,902 $4,413 $4,704 $4,902 $5,295 $5,495 $5,684 $6,183 $6,483 $6,583
Total Sales $0 $0 $8,242 $9,322 $9,936 $10,355 $11,185 $11,607 $12,007 $13,061 $13,694 $13,906
Direct Cost of Sales Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Parents $0 $0 $1,736 $1,964 $2,093 $2,181 $2,356 $2,445 $2,529 $2,751 $2,884 $2,929
Family & Friends $0 $0 $1,561 $1,765 $1,881 $1,961 $2,118 $2,198 $2,274 $2,473 $2,593 $2,633
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $0 $0 $3,297 $3,729 $3,974 $4,142 $4,474 $4,643 $4,803 $5,225 $5,477 $5,563
Personnel Plan
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sandy 0% $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Sales staff 0% $0 $0 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400
Sales staff 0% $0 $0 $0 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400
Sales staff 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400 $1,400
Bookkeeper 0% $0 $0 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800
Manager 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total People 0 1 3 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Total Payroll $2,000 $2,000 $4,200 $5,600 $5,600 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000

General Assumptions
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Plan Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales $0 $0 $8,242 $9,322 $9,936 $10,355 $11,185 $11,607 $12,007 $13,061 $13,694 $13,906
Direct Cost of Sales $0 $0 $3,297 $3,729 $3,974 $4,142 $4,474 $4,643 $4,803 $5,225 $5,477 $5,563
Other Costs of Goods $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $0 $0 $3,297 $3,729 $3,974 $4,142 $4,474 $4,643 $4,803 $5,225 $5,477 $5,563
Gross Margin $0 $0 $4,945 $5,593 $5,961 $6,213 $6,711 $6,964 $7,204 $7,837 $8,216 $8,344
Gross Margin % 0.00% 0.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60.00%
Expenses
Payroll $2,000 $2,000 $4,200 $5,600 $5,600 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350
Depreciation $316 $316 $316 $316 $316 $316 $316 $316 $316 $316 $316 $316
Rent $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500
Utilities $250 $250 $250 $250 $250 $250 $250 $250 $250 $250 $250 $250
Insurance $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200
Payroll Taxes 15% $300 $300 $630 $840 $840 $1,050 $1,050 $1,050 $1,050 $1,050 $1,050 $1,050
Other $125 $125 $125 $125 $125 $125 $125 $125 $125 $125 $125 $125
Total Operating Expenses $6,041 $6,041 $8,571 $10,181 $10,181 $11,791 $11,791 $11,791 $11,791 $11,791 $11,791 $11,791
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($6,041) ($6,041) ($3,626) ($4,588) ($4,220) ($5,578) ($5,080) ($4,827) ($4,587) ($3,954) ($3,575) ($3,447)
EBITDA ($5,725) ($5,725) ($3,310) ($4,272) ($3,904) ($5,262) ($4,764) ($4,511) ($4,271) ($3,638) ($3,259) ($3,131)
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Net Profit ($6,041) ($6,041) ($3,626) ($4,588) ($4,220) ($5,578) ($5,080) ($4,827) ($4,587) ($3,954) ($3,575) ($3,447)
Net Profit/Sales 0.00% 0.00% -44.00% -49.21% -42.47% -53.86% -45.42% -41.59% -38.20% -30.27% -26.11% -24.79%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $0 $0 $8,242 $9,322 $9,936 $10,355 $11,185 $11,607 $12,007 $13,061 $13,694 $13,906
Subtotal Cash from Operations $0 $0 $8,242 $9,322 $9,936 $10,355 $11,185 $11,607 $12,007 $13,061 $13,694 $13,906
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 0.00% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $0 $0 $8,242 $9,322 $9,936 $10,355 $11,185 $11,607 $12,007 $13,061 $13,694 $13,906
Expenditures Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $2,000 $2,000 $4,200 $5,600 $5,600 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000 $7,000
Bill Payments $124 $3,725 $3,967 $10,894 $8,471 $8,519 $8,819 $9,314 $9,308 $9,478 $10,166 $10,227
Subtotal Spent on Operations $2,124 $5,725 $8,167 $16,494 $14,071 $15,519 $15,819 $16,314 $16,308 $16,478 $17,166 $17,227
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $2,124 $5,725 $8,167 $16,494 $14,071 $15,519 $15,819 $16,314 $16,308 $16,478 $17,166 $17,227
Net Cash Flow ($2,124) ($5,725) $75 ($7,172) ($4,135) ($5,164) ($4,634) ($4,707) ($4,301) ($3,417) ($3,472) ($3,321)
Cash Balance $49,426 $43,701 $43,776 $36,604 $32,468 $27,305 $22,671 $17,964 $13,663 $10,247 $6,775 $3,454
Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $51,550 $49,426 $43,701 $43,776 $36,604 $32,468 $27,305 $22,671 $17,964 $13,663 $10,247 $6,775 $3,454
Inventory $0 $0 $0 $3,626 $4,102 $4,372 $4,556 $4,921 $5,107 $5,283 $5,747 $6,025 $6,119
Other Current Assets $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500 $3,500
Total Current Assets $55,050 $52,926 $47,201 $50,902 $44,205 $40,340 $35,361 $31,093 $26,571 $22,446 $19,494 $16,300 $13,073
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000 $19,000
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $316 $632 $948 $1,264 $1,580 $1,896 $2,212 $2,528 $2,844 $3,160 $3,476 $3,792
Total Long-term Assets $19,000 $18,684 $18,368 $18,052 $17,736 $17,420 $17,104 $16,788 $16,472 $16,156 $15,840 $15,524 $15,208
Total Assets $74,050 $71,610 $65,569 $68,954 $61,941 $57,760 $52,465 $47,881 $43,043 $38,602 $35,334 $31,824 $28,281
Liabilities and Capital Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $0 $3,601 $3,601 $10,612 $8,187 $8,225 $8,508 $9,004 $8,993 $9,139 $9,824 $9,890 $9,793
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $0 $3,601 $3,601 $10,612 $8,187 $8,225 $8,508 $9,004 $8,993 $9,139 $9,824 $9,890 $9,793
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $0 $3,601 $3,601 $10,612 $8,187 $8,225 $8,508 $9,004 $8,993 $9,139 $9,824 $9,890 $9,793
Paid-in Capital $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000 $140,000
Retained Earnings ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950) ($65,950)
Earnings $0 ($6,041) ($12,082) ($15,708) ($20,296) ($24,515) ($30,093) ($35,173) ($40,000) ($44,587) ($48,541) ($52,116) ($55,563)
Total Capital $74,050 $68,009 $61,968 $58,342 $53,754 $49,535 $43,957 $38,877 $34,050 $29,463 $25,509 $21,934 $18,487
Total Liabilities and Capital $74,050 $71,610 $65,569 $68,954 $61,941 $57,760 $52,465 $47,881 $43,043 $38,602 $35,334 $31,824 $28,281
Net Worth $74,050 $68,009 $61,968 $58,342 $53,754 $49,535 $43,957 $38,877 $34,050 $29,463 $25,509 $21,934 $18,487

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