The following topics, the cash flow statement, profit and loss account, and balance sheet have been built using forecasted information which is as accurate and realistic as possible. Sales increase gradually over the 12 months showing the positive trend of sales. Columbia Cleaners is steadily gaining market share. Gross profit and net profit rise proportionately to sales revenue. The financial statements show that the business runs quite well and achieves expected results.
Startup expenses will be funded through a combination of owner's equity capital and a commercial loan, as summarized in the table below.
The owner will invest $40,000 in the business. Additional capital for the business in the amount of $20,000 will be borrowed from a bank.
The lending plan has to be completed and submitted to the bank 6 months before starting the business. The loan will be needed two months in advance. Annual interest of 10% has to be paid on the long-term loans secured with fixed assets.
The monthly break-even point of the business is calculated below. As revenue becomes higher than break-even point, the business starts to harvest the profit. As forecasted, the total demand on dry cleaning and laundry service continues to rise in the following years; therefore, if the service satisfies its customers, increases new customers and retains customer loyalty, the profit will continue to go up.
Cash flow increases gradually over the year creating the positive net worth. The first several months of operation will be of critical importance to the survival of the business, and we will be paying special attention to our cash flows. We plan to purchase one more van in April 2005 to accommodate for the growing business volumes. Initially, we do not plan to sell on credit, with all of our transactions being cash- or credit card based. We anticipate generating a sufficient customer base that will allow us to maintain healthy cash balances starting from the middle of the first year of operations, as summarized in the table below.
The table below outlines our projected profit and loss statements for the first three years of operation. In general, the business might meet some difficulties in the beginning months but after that the business grows as expected and produces a small profit at the end of the year. It is not necessary for the business to gain high profit in the first year. Nevertheless, we are expecting to make a small profit the first year. Our second and third year net profits are expected to grow quite a bit, as shown below.
The table below shows the balance sheet annual figures for the first three years of operation. First year monthly figures are presented in the appendix.
Business ratios for the years of this plan are shown below. Industry profile ratios for Commercial Drycleaning and Laundry Collection and Distribution Establishments, based on the Standard Industrial Classification code 7216.9903, are shown for comparison.