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How to Write a Bakery Business Plan + Sample

Bakery business owners look over their bakery business plan

Makenna Crocker

7 min. read

Updated February 7, 2024

Your friends and family have long marveled at your baking skills. Now, you’re ready to jump from passionate amateur to bakery business owner.

Making cakes and pastries in your kitchen is one thing—buying commercial-grade equipment, setting prices, and serving customers is a far greater challenge.

So, how does a new bakery owner maximize their chance of success? 

By writing a business plan. 

This article will guide you through crafting a bakery business plan, from describing your offerings and creating a marketing strategy to assessing your competitors and managing your finances. 

Need more guidance? Download our free sample bakery business plan.

Why write a bakery business plan?

Launching a bakery requires more than perfect recipes; it’s about strategically planning for success. 

A business plan gives you:

Clarity and direction

The plan helps you define your bakery’s identity, from your signature products to your brand ethos.

A financial foundation

A simple financial plan you update periodically gives you a major advantage, helping you manage a budget and understand how decisions affect revenues, expenses, and cash flows.

Market insights

Researching and documenting your target market and competition helps you position your bakery and stand out.

Operational strategies

The operational plan outlines how you will manage staffing, supply chain, and other logistics so your bakery runs smoothly.

Attracting investors

If you’re seeking funding, investors need to see a comprehensive plan demonstrating your bakery’s growth and profitability potential.

What’s your biggest business challenge right now?

How to write a business plan for a bakery

1. Conduct market research

Start by pinpointing your target market. 

Not every bakery appeals to all customers. Ask yourself, who do you see coming through your doors? 

It could be:

  • Health-conscious individuals looking for gluten-free or low-sugar options.
  • Professionals looking for a quick treat on their way to work.
  • Families looking for fresh, wholesome bread and treats to eat at home.

Consider age, income level, dietary preferences, and local demographics. 

Remember, identifying your target market is more than just understanding the demographics of your customers. It’s about understanding their lifestyle, dietary habits, and what they value in a bakery. 

Are you targeting health-conscious individuals, families, or specialty dessert enthusiasts? Tailoring your products and services to your chosen clientele ensures your bakery meets their unique tastes and needs.

Market research tips

When conducting market research for your bakery, consider the following:

Customer preferences

Identify the types of baked goods that are in high demand. Do customers prefer traditional treats, artisanal bread, gluten-free options, or vegan pastries? 

Location analysis

Evaluate potential locations for your bakery. Consider foot traffic, visibility, parking availability, and proximity to complementary businesses. 

Product differentiation

Identify what sets your bakery apart from the competition. Is it your secret family recipe, organic ingredients, or unique flavor combinations? 

2. Analyze the competition

When evaluating competitors, you need to look beyond just other bakeries. 

Anyone who provides baked goods is a direct competitor or alternative. You must account for patisseries, cafes, and even grocery store bakeries. 

Then, focus on identifying strengths, weaknesses, and unique selling points by reviewing the following: 

  • Product offerings and pricing: What kinds of baked goods do they offer, and at what price points? Are there items that are universally popular or notably absent from their menus?
  • Customer experience: How do these establishments present themselves? Is the ambiance inviting? What level of service do they provide?
  • Operational insights: Observe their staffing levels, speed of service, and any visible supplier partnerships.
  • Marketing strategies: How do they attract and retain customers? Look at their promotional activities, online engagement, and customer feedback.
  • Long-term trends: Have they expanded their product range or services recently? Any noticeable changes in their operation hours or customer demographics?

Visit local bakeries, patisseries, and cafes to understand their offerings, pricing, and customer experience. Identify their strengths and weaknesses, and look for opportunities to differentiate your bakery. 

What unique products or services can you offer? Is there a gap in the market that you can fill? 

3. Detail your operations plan

Misjudging resources needed to manage inventory, staffing, and other day-to-day requirements is one of the biggest mistakes an owner of any business can make. 

A solid operational plan will keep you from blowing your budget.

The operations plan covers aspects of your business like:

Location

Where your business will operate, as well as the characteristics of the neighborhood and factors that may lead to a competitive advantage.

Licensing needs

Track what you need to remain compliant with regulations, from a business license to food handlers permits for employees.

Operating hours

What days and times do you plan to be open? When do you expect your peak hours to be? Listing these will help you plan staffing and determine promotions to offer. 

Staffing needs

It’s crucial to understand how many employees you’ll need to hire and when you will need them to work. Many bakeries make their goods before most people wake up, so you may need staff ready to work irregular hours.

4. Market your business

The market analysis should have uncovered valuable insights into who might come to your bakery. 

You can use that information to develop a comprehensive marketing plan to showcase your bakery’s offerings, build brand awareness, and attract a loyal customer base.

Consider the following promotional strategies for your bakery:

  1. Establish a strong social media presence: Be visible on platforms like Instagram and Facebook to showcase your bakery’s products and engage with your audience.
  2. Build an appealing website: Create a strong online presence through a user-friendly website with photos and promotions to build an online following.
  3. Get out in the community: Participate in local events, sponsor community initiatives, and support local charities to create awareness and goodwill.
  4. Collaborate with local businesses: Consider partnering with nearby coffee shops, restaurants, or event planners to expand your reach and offer joint promotions.
  5. Offer sampling and tastings: Give potential customers a chance to try your baked goods and entice them to purchase.
  6. Create eye-catching displays: Invest in appealing window displays and enticing signage to create a visually appealing environment that attracts customers.

5. Financials and pricing

No matter how effective your marketing campaigns are, running a successful bakery requires staying on top of your finances.

You must be realistic to develop a solid financial plan and pricing strategy

Understand the costs of employee wages, ingredients, and supplies, and try to figure out how long you expect to operate before becoming profitable. This will be especially important if you seek a bank loan or outside investment.

Consider the following financial aspects when creating your bakery business plan:

Startup costs

Determine the initial investment required to set up your bakery, including equipment, leasehold improvements, licenses, and inventory. Factor in costs for marketing and branding efforts as well.

Ongoing expenses

Identify the recurring expenses in running your bakery, such as rent, utilities, ingredient costs, staff wages, and marketing expenses. 

Regularly review these costs to ensure they align with your revenue projections.

Pricing strategy

Set your prices based on a thorough understanding of ingredient costs, overhead expenses, and the local market. Consider factors such as quality, portion sizes, and the value you provide customers. 

Monitor pricing trends in the industry to remain competitive.

Sales forecasting

Develop a sales forecast based on your market research, pricing strategy, and capacity. Consider seasonal fluctuations, holidays, and events that may impact your bakery’s performance. 

Continuously review and adjust your forecast based on actual results.

6. Set milestones and goals

Setting milestones and goals helps you track your progress toward key achievements. 

These goals can be both short-term and long-term, covering areas like revenue targets or break-even projections, the number of customers served, menu expansions, or partnerships with grocery stores.

Consider the following tips when setting milestones and goals for your bakery:

Create “SMART” goals 

Ensure your goals are Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound

For example: Instead of aiming to “increase sales,” set a specific target, such as “increase monthly sales by 15% within six months.”

Include your employees

Get your bakery staff involved in setting goals and milestones. Their input and commitment are essential to achieving your bakery’s objectives.

Evaluate regularly

Monitor your progress toward your goals and assess whether adjustments are necessary. Periodically review your financials, customer feedback, and broader market trends to stay on track.

Free sample bakery business plan template

If you’re ready to start your own bakery business, you can download our free sample bakery business plan from our library of over 550 sample business plans

Get started today, and discover why businesses that plan grow 30% faster than those that don’t.

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Content Author: Makenna Crocker

Makenna Crocker

Makenna Crocker is the Social Brand Manager at Palo Alto Software. Her work focuses on market and social trends, educational content creation, and providing entrepreneurs with small business tips and tools. With a master’s degree in Advertising and Brand Responsibility from the University of Oregon, she specializes in generating a strong and responsible brand presence through social media and sharable content.