Don't bother with copy and paste.

Get this complete sample business plan as a free text document.

Download for free

Free Business Planning Webinar:

AI and Your Plan Register Now

Auto Services icon Automobile Restoration Business Plan

Start your plan

Phaethon's Chariot Restorations

Executive Summary

Phaethon’s Chariot is a start-up auto restoration shop. The company is engaged in the restoration of old American cars, and the designing and building of hot rods, and street rods. Body work and rust repair is the majority of our work. Phaethon’s Chariot has recently rented a new state-of-the-art restoration shop, located at 510 W. 200th Terrace Circle Boulevard, Centerton, Ohmstate. The company is dedicated to providing the highest quality workmanship. Phaethon’s Chariot keeps up on all the latest tools and techniques of the trade to perform the highest quality work possible today.

Phaethon’s Chariot is located in Centerton, Ohmstate. Our company and employees are dedicated to doing each job right the first time, and retaining each car owner as a lifetime customer of our shop.

The company is a state chartered corporation in Ohmstate, owned by Isoroku Tarnmaclahan. The has owner worked for other shops in the Highland Valley area for the past 20 years, and is committed to excellence every day. This new space allows the company retain more work. The office area is comprised of 500 square feet and the shop area where the day-to-day work on the cars is performed is 5,000 sq.ft.

The population of the seven communities in close proximity to Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations is estimated at 918,279. Roughly, this would mean that this area comprises a total restoration market in excess of $2.0 million annually. The company’s goal is to a acquire a comfortable minority share of this nearby market.

The marketing research and tailored marketing strategy described in this business plan will result in modest after-tax profits of  in year 1, quadrupling after-tax profits within three years. It is estimated that by year 3, revenues will reflect a healthy market share of the local restoration market.

Within the next twelve months it is the objective of the company to market to the local area to promote our business in the Highland Valley and surrounding areas. Our market segment will be 30- to 65-year old owners of old American cars. After year three we plan to expand our business to the Carahge City, Mythtate area. Our studies indicate that the Carahge area doesn’t have a lot of competition for our business.

Automobile restoration business plan, executive summary chart image

1.1 Objectives

  1. Penetrate the automotive restoration market here in the Highland Valley. Within the next twelve months, it is the objective of the company to market to the local area to promote our business in the Highland Valley and surrounding areas, our market segment will be 30 to 65 years old men and women who own old American cars. After year two we plan to expand our business to the Carahge City, Mythtate area. Our studies indicate that the Carahge City area doesn’t have a lot of competition for our business.
  2. Substantially increase profitability. We will encourage price-sensitive jobs to go elsewhere by normalizing the pricing structure. This will allow for more high-end custom work to be performed for the less price-sensitive restoration market sector. This pricing will insure a quadrupling of net profits during the third year.
  3. To improve the administrative processes of the company. This will allow a reduction in the owner’s involvement in simple administrative tasks from 50% of his time to 20%, thereby allowing him more time for sales and marketing tasks.

1.2 Mission

Our mission at Phaethon’s Chariot is to always perform the highest quality work at the best price around.

  • We can achieve this by only using the best of everything to do our restoration.
  • We produce high-quality work using the best parts and supplies available in the market place today.
  • We only employ the most knowledgeable people to work for our shop.
  • We have a metal fabricator who will build any part that we can’t locate for your car.
  • All of our restoration technicians go through a rigorous application process before we hire them. We employ only the best people to do our work.

At Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations you will get only the best quality work done on your car.

1.3 Keys to Success

Keys to success for the company will include:

  1. Maintaining an untarnished reputation in the community.
  2. Quality care.
  3. Competitive pricing.
  4. Flexible hours.
LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Company Summary

Phaethon’s Chariot is an auto restoration shop located in Centerton, Ohmstate. The company is engaged in the restoration of 1970 and earlier American cars, and the building of custom hot rods. Body work and rust repair is the majority of our work. The total market for auto restoration in the communities which the company targets is approximately $2.7 million. The share of this market channeled through auto restoration shops and word of mouth is directly proportional to disposable income.

Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations is best suited to serving the high-end customer share of the auto restoration market because clients of auto restoration can afford expensive materials and custom solutions. The company is unable to compete with large shops geared to mass production runs, nor can it’s pricing compete with the many “insurance job” body repair shops. The company is dedicated to providing the highest quality workmanship, meeting the agreed delivery dates, and executing the custom work exactly in accordance with the customers concept.

2.1 Company Ownership

The company, Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations, is a corporation registered in Ohmstate, owned by Isoroku Tarnmaclahan.

2.2 Start-up Summary

The company founder, Mr. Isoroku Tarnmaclahan, will manage day-to-day operations of the business and will work collaboratively with all employees to ensure that this business venture is a success.

It is estimated that the start-up costs will include legal costs, advertising, one month’s rent and utilities, and related expenses. An additional amount will be required as start-up assets, including heavy equipment and cash on hand. The owner’s existing tools comprise part of the current assets.  Total Start-up Requirements are detailed in the table below.

Some of the heavy equipment long-term assets that will be acquired include:

  • Air Compressor System
  • Air Filtration System
  • Air Powered Tools
  • Car Lift/Hoist
  • Computerized Engine Diagnostic Equipment
  • Fixtures
  • Hand Tools
  • Jigs and Work Stands
  • Auto Hand Tools
  • Spray Painting Equipment

Inventory will consist of restoration materials. Custom panels, parts, seats, fabrics, instruments, etc. will be purchased either by the car owners, or by Phaethon’s Chariot on a just-in-time, as needed basis.

Automobile restoration business plan, company summary chart image

Start-up
Requirements
Start-up Expenses
Legal $1,000
Logo Design – Artwork $3,000
Stationery etc. $500
Sales Literature $4,000
Insurance $1,500
Rent $1,800
Utilities $1,200
Computer Network – Office/Shop $6,000
Website Development $700
Office Furniture $3,000
Fixtures $800
Total Start-up Expenses $23,500
Start-up Assets
Cash Required $10,000
Start-up Inventory $2,000
Other Current Assets $30,000
Long-term Assets $100,000
Total Assets $142,000
Total Requirements $165,500

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Products and Services

Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations will sell classic car restoration services to the general public at a shop rate of $45 per hour. This will include complete frame off restoration work for all makes of American classic cars and muscle cars. We will perform tasks such as mechanical repairs on older American cars, body and paint restoration including rust repair, electrical repair, as well as custom engine building, custom paint and metal fabrication.

We specialize in pre-1970 American cars and trucks, and average frame off restoration will take 600 hours of labor, therefore our average labor charge for a complete restoration is approximately $27,000. There are additional charges for any parts that we have to get for the job. Phaethon’s Chariot will perform any kind of work on pre 1970 American cars including, but not limited to regular mechanical service,  and body and paint work.

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Market Analysis Summary

TARGET MARKET

The type of customer who will be interested in the services of Phaethon’s Chariot are predominantly male, and in the age range from 30 to 65 years. The majority will have an income in the $100,000 and up range. Some customers in the lower income ranges are interested in specific services, interior restoration, or paint work and parts sales rather than full restorations.

The customers who Phaethon’s Chariot plans to target want :

  1. Quality full restoration or custom services, including engine, custom body work and paint.
  2. Timely completion of the work on their cars.
  3. Competitive rates.
  4. Close attention to detail, and commitment to quality.
  5. Ability to offer ideas for alternatives and close customer services.

Phaethon’s Chariot has the ability to meet all these demands. The owner has a long work history in this field, and has extremely high standards in regards to the shop’s work. The owner and the foreman will make sure that the shop’s employees meet these standards. The owner also understands that, not only quality work, but the attention and care bestowed on the customer and their cars will result in a good reputation.

LOCATION

There is no specific geographical location for potential customers. They are located all over the United States. They send their cars to whom and where they feel will do the best job, based on reputation. This reputation comes largely from “word of mouth”, i.e. seeing the quality of a car that was restored by Phaethon’s Chariot at a show, and referrals by others in the business. We feel that eventually 50% of Phaethon’s Chariot’s customers will come from out of state.

INDUSTRY TRENDS

This is a large market that has seen an upturn in the last few years. All indications are that this will continue for many years until leveling off at possibly double or triple the current market. One company in this area, Car Barn Renewals, has a waiting list of three years. They not  taking any new business at this time. The owner of this shop is well acquainted with the quality of work that will be preformed by Phaethon’s Chariot and has indicated to Mr. Isoroku Tarnmaclahan that he would refer anyone inquiring about new services to Phaethon’s Chariot. This will not only increase the number of potential customers for Phaethon’s Chariot in the start-up phase, but will provide a valuable word-of-mouth reputation for them.

COMPETITION

There are two other companies in the Centerton area that offer services similar to Phaethon’s Chariot’s. One has been in business for 40 years and has an extremely high reputation within the restoration community. They currently have more work than the shop can handle and has a waiting list of three years. They are not taking any new customers. They also usually has one or more cars in most shows. The owner of Phaethon’s Chariot worked for them while learning his trade.

The other shop has been in business 15 years. They currently have a wait of 160 days for any new work. However most of their work is new business (first time customers) as their reputation in the community is not good and they rarely have repeat business.

PRICING

Phaethon’s Chariot’s labor rates will be $45 per hour. Both of the other shops charge $65 per/hr. Phaethon’s Chariot feels that this is a competitive rate and will not impact the bottom line in a negative manner.

ADVERTISING

Phaethon’s Chariot has a modest program of marketing its services that include the following:

  1. Flyers
  2. Discounts
  3. Newspaper and magazines ads
  4. Press releases and magazines articles
  5. Car shows
  6. Local radio stations
  7. Website
  8. Calendars

Each of these marketing approaches has the advantage of being low cost and creating service awareness. The company is also considering the possibility of having a grand opening program that would feature discounts, food, a local radio disc jockey and other promotional ideas.

We feel that the company website is one of our best marketing strategies. It is linked to City Search.com and many other classic car restoration oriented websites and portals. The site has news about our business, answers to FAQ’s and pictures of cars we’ve restored and the process of the restoration.

4.1 Market Segmentation

The market for auto restoration reflects the buyer’s income bracket and standard of living in much the same way that the restoration market is segmented. Below are listed market segments based on size of pocketbook and quality of production:

  1. Material Outlets. Suppliers of auto body and paint supplies, interior supplies and mechanical parts.
  2. Simple jobs. Simple repair jobs and service are the next level in our sales chain.
  3. Paint. Custom paint work such as murals and flames, will provide some income.
  4. Restoration. Complete restoration jobs, and complete paint work.
  5. Custom Work. Custom body work such as, top chops and channels, this would be considered our high end of work.

The average age of our customers is 30 to 65 years old with an average income is $60,000 per year, with most full restoration customers having incomes of over $100,000. The gender is predominantly male, with a college education, and coming from Centerton county and surrounding areas. Some of the more recent trends come from the increasing coverage of our industry on television, with shows such as American Muscle Car, Dream Car Garage and the like. These types of shows have helped auto restoration to grow to a billion dollar a year industry in the United States.

Automobile restoration business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
Males 30 to 65 years old 70% 20 34 58 99 168 70.24%
Other 30% 10 10 10 13 17 14.19%
Total 57.58% 30 44 68 112 185 57.58%

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

Our target market segment strategy includes the use of local radio and television stations to convey the word about our business. We also plan on using advertising in publications such as Hot Rod and Super Chevy magazines. These publications are distributed to a wide variety of people who are all interested in old American cars, and muscle cars. Our strategy includes using people’s emotions to persuade them to restore an old car if they have one. We’re not limited to just a couple of different types of advertising, we also us flyers, discounts, newspapers, press releases and magazine articles. Our website, which is a well designed, and cost effective way to tell people about our shop and it’s services, Phaethon’s Chariot will use every way within it’s means to convey our message to the public.

Our market strategy is to flood the magazines and air waves with our shop’s advertisements, doing radio ads during morning and afternoon drive times. This is due to the fact that more people listen to the radio during these time frames, so if you have a really catchy ad during these time it’s probable that you will gain some customers from it. The magazine publications go out to hundreds of thousands of people every month, so all we need is to convert a small percentage to sales and we’ll achieve our success. But we don’t stop there, we are also joining the chamber of commerce to network our business. We will use flyers at the car shows to promote or shop, and of course business cards.

4.3 Service Business Analysis

In setting a foundation on which to build a suitable market strategy for Phaethon’s Chariot, some of the other local industry players were contacted by phone. These players are located in the greater Centerton area.

We called Classy Chassis and posed as a potential customer with a 1969 Z/28 Camaro for a full restoration project, and from this call we discovered that their labor rate runs at $65 per hour, and it would take about 600 hours of labor to restore the car plus parts. The labor before parts were added worked out to $39,000. This is for a frame off restoration, rebuilding the entire car from ground up. We also discovered that it would take about 160 days to get the car into their shop to start the project.

We have also talked to Khamm Zhaapht from Car Barn Renewals, and have discovered that he’s running the same shop rates as Classy Chassis, but he has a three year waiting list for his shop services, Khamm only does the highest quality work, having cars in most of the shows at one time or another, Car Barn Renewals is very well known both in and out of Ohmstate.

4.3.1 Competition and Buying Patterns

The general nature of competition in this business, and how the customers seem to choose one shop over another can be measured by customer loyalty and positive word of mouth. Customer loyalty and shop preference come from developing a trust between the customer and the business. To be successful in the automotive restoration business, one must truly believe in the old American cars and love them. The customer must truly be made to feel welcome and cared for. The trust that a customer feels, is based upon the business’ ability to recognize what it takes to please a customer, and then is built upon by continuously delivering to that customer at, or above, the that they expect.

The level of attention and care that our staff bestow upon our customers sets us far above our competition. We also have extremely high standards for professionalism in the shop. Cleanliness, adherence to all shop rules, and efficiency are constantly applied. Prices are reasonable, and are perceived as being an exceptional value. Our shop offers the highest quality restoration work available today, we use only the highest quality parts and supplies on all of our jobs. All of this can be found in a professional shop environment, and very comfortable for our customers.

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Strategy and Implementation Summary

Image is a key factor in making inroads into the higher echelons of auto restoration. Phaethon’s Chariot’s strategy is to lift its image, through advertising in prestigious trade publications, networking with a Chamber of Commerce membership, and actively marketing to a select group of people located in and around the company’s target market area.

5.1 Competitive Edge

The company seeks to establish a competitive edge in its new target market segment by increasing the level of customer contact and service that other competitors seem to oftentimes lack. Additionally, Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations possesses the necessary skills to produce the high quality restorations that are needed in this field. The establishment of the previously mentioned work processes that will ensure greater service will strengthen the contacts that promote word-of-mouth marketing and networking.

Our competitive edge will come from hard work and customer satisfaction, we will only produce top quality work that is show ready when it leaves the shop. This will spawn good word of mouth, which will in turn generate work from past and present customers of our shop.

5.2 Marketing Strategy

As mentioned in the previous section, it is important to the marketing strategy to develop an attractive image to the trade. This can be done in a number of ways:

  1. Advertising. Most restoration shops interviewed suggested Hemmings Motor News as the best place to advertise. In the regional telephone directory Yellow Pages two classification are possible: Auto Restoration–Antique & Classic, or Auto Body Repair & Paint. These two publications both have directories. In Hemmings, a color 1/4 page ad would run $1,700 per month for a year if signed by December 1, 2004, which provides a 15% discount. This averages out to $1,411 per insertion, even less for black and white. A quarter page ad in the Yellow Pages runs $1,200 a year.
  2. Join The Chamber of Commerce. The image of Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations would be elevated by joining the Chamber of Commerce. This would cost only $300 per year. Advertising on their electronic sign alongside the Interstate is free for 90 days. At present the sign would give 100 impressions per day to the shop. We expect this to increase Phaethon’s income by about 10% during that 90-day period.
  3. Advertising. Development of a top quality logo and photography which can be used in ads, brochures, name cards, etc. Not counting printing costs, which vary by quantity and quality of paper chosen, the design costs for this would run about $1,500. A day’s photography would be an additional $850-$1,600.
  4. Participation in Car Shows. Another image-building marketing tactic is participating in local car shows. These car shows are held just for the fun of it. This would require time and effort, but not much in the way of money. This should be coordinated to insure compatibility with the show’s concept and our image. If we attend a show out of the local area, costs would increase due to the expense of food, lodging, and protected transportation of a finished car to the show.  A photo album can never compete with the real hardware.

In addition to the above-mentioned activities designed to elevate the company’s image, it is essential to market directly to the selected target clients who all go to local car shows. Success in making inroads into these names would set the stage for entry into the more prestigious auto restorers guild.

Marketing these prime prospects must be carried out in a thoughtful organized way. Color literature including the newly designed logo should be completed as a first step. When marketing these prospects it will be important to present a portfolio of Phaethon’s Chariot’s most innovative work. A relaxed face-to-face meeting, resulting in good communication between Phaethon’s Chariot and the project car’s owners, should be all that’s needed to generate a first order.

Networking is also very useful. It is important, once the logo and artwork materials have been completed, for the owner to make a point of introducing herself to important players in the restoration world surrounding Centerton. Good contacts include hot rod businesses, parts stores, custom car clubs, suppliers of paint, etc.

5.3 Sales Strategy

The marketing strategy discussed previously in this business plan will generate the desired sales. These sales will begin with our website, and the Chamber of Commerce. It is a stated objective to transfer the administrative burden away from the owner, freeing up his time to meet with clients, to network at car shows and events, and to market the shop to prospective clients. This means that someone else will be answering the incoming calls. This person must be carefully trained to recognize who must be called back immediately by the owner. The shop owner needs–and expects–close contact with the shop foreman. The shop is under pressure to produce the highest quality work possible, for example, a car that’s going to shows is going to foster sales. The owner must be armed with a cell phone and a pager. The important caller should be told that the owner will “call right back.” The more successful the marketing strategy is in making inroads into our share of the restoration market, the more important this communication response will become.

In respect to the prospect list of clients, it is essential that a “salesman’s” approach be adopted to insure an organized, orderly approach to each prospect. Notes need to be kept on each client. Follow-up and persistence will pay off.

5.3.1 Sales Forecast

The Sales Forecast is divided up into the major categories of restoration work, paint work and service. Unit sales includes the yearly forecast of each  per category, based on an average of 40 labor hours per item and forecasted capacity given the personnel changes mentioned in the Personnel Section. The category prices reflect the average cost per category, based on past pricing strategies. Since the company deals with providing custom services, this can vary wildly between jobs. Due to target market, estimated increase in category price is reflected in years 2004 and 2005. Direct category costs reflect direct costs in producing the items but does not including labor.

It is estimated that by FY 2006, revenues will reflect a 10% market share of the local restoration market, and that we will be completing one full restoration each month. As our market share becomes established we believe we can raise our shop rates from $45 to $50 and then to $55 per hour in years two and three of this plan. We will still be priced below the current rate charged by other area shops.

Automobile restoration business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Automobile restoration business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales
Restoration Work $145,008 $250,000 $324,000
Paint Work $49,236 $64,007 $83,209
Parts $72,399 $108,599 $162,899
Service $44,400 $48,800 $53,600
Total Sales $311,044 $471,406 $623,707
Direct Cost of Sales Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Restoration Work $26,717 $50,000 $64,800
Paint Work $9,063 $12,801 $16,642
Parts $13,000 $19,548 $29,322
Service $17,760 $19,520 $21,440
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $66,540 $101,869 $132,203

5.4 Milestones

The milestone table is set up as a flow-chart. The milestone table is specific in detail, allowing for the smooth flow of functions that are necessary to set up the restoration shop on schedule for the Grand Opening. Each function is timed to coincide with the proper execution and time needed to complete each task. Each manager has specific duties assigned specifically to his area of expertise. The end of the milestone table also shows the beginning of the 2005 marketing plan.

Automobile restoration business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Milestones
Milestone Start Date End Date Budget Manager Department
Company Identity 7/10/2004 9/15/2004 $7,500 Isoroku Marketing
Business Plan Review 5/1/2004 8/1/2004 $0 Isoroku Finance
Advertising 12/1/2004 12/1/2005 $42,000 Isoroku Marketing
Car Shows 11/1/2004 5/1/2006 $4,800 Isoroku Marketing
Employee Hired 11/20/2004 11/16/2005 $20,800 Jane HR
Grand Opening 8/30/2004 10/15/2004 $1,000 Jane Marketing
Totals $76,100

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Web Plan Summary

Our website, is an opportunity to offer current information on our services, showcase some of our recent restorations, upcoming car shows, and special events.

Our website will be promoted on all major search engines. We will link to City Search.com® and many other classic car restoration oriented web sites and portals.

Also we promote to all of the blog directories, and on-line malls, and news outlets.

The owner has developed the company website. It offers the customer looking at it news about our business, and reasons why to restore their old cars, it also tells about the warranty on our work. The home page is a basic summarization of what our shop is all about, the overview page contains our mission statement.

The services page will tell you about the services that we offer, our news page will tell you about upcoming events and car shows. It also tells you about the car shows that we will sponsor at or shop.

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Management Summary

Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations is currently made up of two employees who will put in a standard 40 hours of work per week, we intend that our shop will use no sub-contractors, and will hire new people as the volume of work demands.

7.1 Personnel Plan

All work is produced by our restoration staff and one shop foreman. All employees put in full 40-hour weeks. Additional technicians will be added where necessary and in line with success in penetrating the plan’s target market. By the end of March 2005, it is assumed that increased business volume will require two techs to put in a full 40-hour week. By the end of June 2005, increased volume will require hiring a new painter / body man working a 30-hour/week, and increasing to 40 hour/week by end of September. By the end 2006, Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations will have five techs working full-time. It is assumed that a sixth tech will be added in either FY 2007 or 2008, depending on demand volume.

Personnel Plan
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Owner $21,000 $40,000 $45,000
Foreman $17,400 $22,400 $30,000
Sheet Metal & Body Technician(s) $12,831 $45,000 $50,000
Automotive Mechanic(s) $15,162 $52,000 $58,000
Painting Technician $6,750 $24,000 $27,000
Admin Asst. $9,000 $20,800 $22,800
Total People 6 8 8
Total Payroll $82,143 $204,200 $232,800

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Financial Plan

The business of Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations does not require substantial outlays for inventory and virtually all sales are on a cash/credit card basis, so increases in sales will not be accompanied by initial cash-flow deficits.

8.1 Start-up Funding

The start-up costs are to be financed by the owner’s personal investment and by a 7-year loan.

Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund $23,500
Start-up Assets to Fund $142,000
Total Funding Required $165,500
Assets
Non-cash Assets from Start-up $132,000
Cash Requirements from Start-up $10,000
Additional Cash Raised $0
Cash Balance on Starting Date $10,000
Total Assets $142,000
Liabilities and Capital
Liabilities
Current Borrowing $0
Long-term Liabilities $119,000
Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $6,000
Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $5,500
Total Liabilities $130,500
Capital
Planned Investment
Owner $35,000
Investor $0
Additional Investment Requirement $0
Total Planned Investment $35,000
Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) ($23,500)
Total Capital $11,500
Total Capital and Liabilities $142,000
Total Funding $165,500

8.2 Break-even Analysis

The Break-even Analysis is based on the average of the first-year figures for total sales and average cost of sales, and by the averaged annual monthly operating expenses. These conservative assumptions make for a more accurate estimate of real risk, showing that we need to have the monthly sales shown in the table and chart below.

Automobile restoration business plan, financial plan chart image

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Revenue Break-even $20,506
Assumptions:
Average Percent Variable Cost 21%
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $16,120

8.3 Projected Profit and Loss

As the Profit and Loss table shows, the company expects to continue its steady growth in profitability over the next three years of operations.

Automobile restoration business plan, financial plan chart image

Automobile restoration business plan, financial plan chart image

Automobile restoration business plan, financial plan chart image

Automobile restoration business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $311,044 $471,406 $623,707
Direct Cost of Sales $66,540 $101,869 $132,203
Other Costs of Sales $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $66,540 $101,869 $132,203
Gross Margin $244,504 $369,537 $491,504
Gross Margin % 78.61% 78.39% 78.80%
Expenses
Payroll $82,143 $204,200 $232,800
Marketing/Promotion $22,500 $22,500 $22,500
Depreciation $19,992 $20,000 $20,000
Rent $21,600 $15,200 $24,000
Utilities $15,200 $24,000 $0
Insurance $24,000 $0 $0
Payroll Taxes $0 $0 $0
Fixtures $8,000 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $193,435 $285,900 $299,300
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $51,069 $83,637 $192,204
EBITDA $71,061 $103,637 $212,204
Interest Expense $6,672 $5,852 $4,720
Taxes Incurred $13,319 $23,335 $56,245
Net Profit $31,078 $54,449 $131,239
Net Profit/Sales 9.99% 11.55% 21.04%

8.4 Projected Cash Flow

As can be seen from the Cash Flow chart and table below, Phaethon’s Chariot Restorations has a number of advantages that provide for a large amount of growth in the company’s cash account. Because it is the company’s policy that the clients to provide the parts for the the restoration, the company has a very low cost of goods sold account and therefore a high gross margin. Clients can purchase the parts themselves, or if they prefer to have us make the purchase, we will locate the part, charge the customer’s credit card, and then purchase the part from the supplier/vendor.

Furthermore, the custom nature of the business means that there is no inventory cost to speak of or accounts payable. With the ability to generate so much cash flow, it is assumed that the company will seek to use this asset to expand its markets and production capacity in the near future.

Automobile restoration business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $311,044 $471,406 $623,707
Subtotal Cash from Operations $311,044 $471,406 $623,707
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $20,716 $31,396 $41,539
New Current Borrowing $5,000 $7,500 $5,000
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $336,759 $510,301 $670,246
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $82,143 $204,200 $232,800
Bill Payments $176,173 $209,073 $244,046
Subtotal Spent on Operations $258,316 $413,273 $476,846
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $20,716 $31,396 $41,539
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $3,500 $6,000 $7,500
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $16,476 $17,492 $18,570
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $2,400 $4,000 $4,000
Dividends $9,000 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $310,408 $472,160 $548,455
Net Cash Flow $26,352 $38,141 $121,792
Cash Balance $36,352 $74,493 $196,284

8.5 Projected Balance Sheet

The following table presents the Balance Sheet.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $36,352 $74,493 $196,284
Inventory $17,818 $27,279 $35,402
Other Current Assets $30,000 $30,000 $30,000
Total Current Assets $84,170 $131,772 $261,686
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $102,400 $106,400 $110,400
Accumulated Depreciation $19,992 $39,992 $59,992
Total Long-term Assets $82,408 $66,408 $50,408
Total Assets $166,578 $198,180 $312,094
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $23,476 $16,621 $20,366
Current Borrowing $1,500 $3,000 $500
Other Current Liabilities $5,500 $5,500 $5,500
Subtotal Current Liabilities $30,476 $25,121 $26,366
Long-term Liabilities $102,524 $85,032 $66,462
Total Liabilities $133,000 $110,153 $92,828
Paid-in Capital $35,000 $35,000 $35,000
Retained Earnings ($32,500) ($1,422) $53,027
Earnings $31,078 $54,449 $131,239
Total Capital $33,578 $88,027 $219,266
Total Liabilities and Capital $166,578 $198,180 $312,094
Net Worth $33,578 $88,027 $219,266

8.6 Business Ratios

Business ratios for the years of this plan are shown below. Industry profile ratios based on the Industry Standards, Antique and Classic Automobile Restoration services, SIC code 7532 are shown for comparison.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 0.00% 51.56% 32.31% 1.55%
Percent of Total Assets
Inventory 10.70% 13.76% 11.34% 9.44%
Other Current Assets 18.01% 15.14% 9.61% 29.30%
Total Current Assets 50.53% 66.49% 83.85% 52.30%
Long-term Assets 49.47% 33.51% 16.15% 47.70%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 18.30% 12.68% 8.45% 20.70%
Long-term Liabilities 61.55% 42.91% 21.30% 28.94%
Total Liabilities 79.84% 55.58% 29.74% 49.64%
Net Worth 20.16% 44.42% 70.26% 50.36%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 78.61% 78.39% 78.80% 100.00%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 68.62% 66.84% 57.76% 73.48%
Advertising Expenses 6.43% 1.40% 1.40% 1.33%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes 16.42% 17.74% 30.82% 0.60%
Main Ratios
Current 2.76 5.25 9.92 1.95
Quick 2.18 4.16 8.58 1.31
Total Debt to Total Assets 79.84% 55.58% 29.74% 55.95%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth 132.22% 88.36% 85.51% 1.18%
Pre-tax Return on Assets 26.65% 39.25% 60.07% 2.67%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin 9.99% 11.55% 21.04% n.a
Return on Equity 92.55% 61.86% 59.85% n.a
Activity Ratios
Inventory Turnover 5.98 4.52 4.22 n.a
Accounts Payable Turnover 8.25 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 28 36 27 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 1.87 2.38 2.00 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 3.96 1.25 0.42 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 0.23 0.23 0.28 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $53,694 $106,651 $235,320 n.a
Interest Coverage 7.65 14.29 40.72 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.54 0.42 0.50 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 18% 13% 8% n.a
Acid Test 2.18 4.16 8.58 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 9.26 5.36 2.84 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.29 0.00 0.00 n.a

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan

Appendix

Sales Forecast
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales
Restoration Work 0% $5,000 $5,750 $6,613 $7,604 $8,745 $10,057 $11,565 $13,300 $15,295 $17,589 $20,228 $23,262
Paint Work 0% $1,500 $1,755 $2,053 $2,402 $2,811 $3,289 $3,848 $4,502 $5,267 $6,163 $7,210 $8,436
Parts 0% $3,000 $3,360 $3,763 $4,215 $4,721 $5,287 $5,921 $6,632 $7,428 $8,319 $9,318 $10,436
Service 0% $3,600 $3,600 $3,000 $3,900 $3,900 $3,600 $3,600 $3,900 $3,900 $3,900 $3,900 $3,600
Total Sales $13,100 $14,465 $15,429 $18,122 $20,176 $22,232 $24,935 $28,334 $31,890 $35,971 $40,656 $45,734
Direct Cost of Sales Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Restoration Work 0% $675 $810 $972 $1,166 $1,400 $1,680 $2,016 $2,419 $2,902 $3,483 $4,179 $5,015
Paint Work 0% $313 $359 $413 $475 $547 $629 $723 $831 $956 $1,099 $1,264 $1,454
Parts 0% $0 $3,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Service 0% $1,440 $1,440 $1,200 $1,560 $1,560 $1,440 $1,440 $1,560 $1,560 $1,560 $1,560 $1,440
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $2,428 $5,609 $3,585 $4,202 $4,506 $4,748 $5,178 $5,810 $6,418 $7,142 $8,004 $8,909
Personnel Plan
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Owner 0% $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Foreman 0% $0 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,500 $1,500 $1,700 $1,700 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Sheet Metal & Body Technician(s) 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $1,833 $1,833 $1,833 $1,833 $1,833 $1,833 $1,833
Automotive Mechanic(s) 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $2,166 $2,166 $2,166 $2,166 $2,166 $2,166 $2,166
Painting Technician 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $1,500 $1,500 $1,750 $2,000
Admin Asst. 0% $0 $0 $0 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Total People 1 2 2 3 3 5 5 5 6 6 6 6
Total Payroll $1,000 $2,000 $2,000 $4,000 $4,500 $8,499 $8,699 $8,699 $10,499 $10,499 $10,749 $10,999

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales $13,100 $14,465 $15,429 $18,122 $20,176 $22,232 $24,935 $28,334 $31,890 $35,971 $40,656 $45,734
Direct Cost of Sales $2,428 $5,609 $3,585 $4,202 $4,506 $4,748 $5,178 $5,810 $6,418 $7,142 $8,004 $8,909
Other Costs of Sales $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $2,428 $5,609 $3,585 $4,202 $4,506 $4,748 $5,178 $5,810 $6,418 $7,142 $8,004 $8,909
Gross Margin $10,673 $8,856 $11,844 $13,920 $15,670 $17,484 $19,756 $22,524 $25,472 $28,829 $32,652 $36,824
Gross Margin % 81.47% 61.22% 76.76% 76.81% 77.67% 78.64% 79.23% 79.49% 79.87% 80.14% 80.31% 80.52%
Expenses
Payroll $1,000 $2,000 $2,000 $4,000 $4,500 $8,499 $8,699 $8,699 $10,499 $10,499 $10,749 $10,999
Marketing/Promotion $0 $1,000 $1,000 $1,500 $1,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500 $2,500
Depreciation $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666 $1,666
Rent $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800 $1,800
Utilities $2,000 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,200
Insurance $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000 $2,000
Payroll Taxes 15% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Fixtures $1,000 $1,000 $1,200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Total Operating Expenses $9,466 $10,666 $10,866 $12,466 $12,966 $17,965 $18,165 $18,165 $19,965 $20,665 $20,915 $21,165
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $1,207 ($1,810) $978 $1,454 $2,704 ($481) $1,591 $4,359 $5,507 $8,164 $11,737 $15,659
EBITDA $2,873 ($144) $2,644 $3,120 $4,370 $1,185 $3,257 $6,025 $7,173 $9,830 $13,403 $17,325
Interest Expense $588 $590 $587 $572 $561 $554 $548 $549 $534 $527 $536 $525
Taxes Incurred $185 ($720) $117 $264 $643 ($311) $313 $1,143 $1,492 $2,291 $3,360 $4,540
Net Profit $433 ($1,680) $273 $617 $1,500 ($725) $731 $2,667 $3,481 $5,346 $7,840 $10,594
Net Profit/Sales 3.30% -11.62% 1.77% 3.41% 7.43% -3.26% 2.93% 9.41% 10.92% 14.86% 19.28% 23.16%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $13,100 $14,465 $15,429 $18,122 $20,176 $22,232 $24,935 $28,334 $31,890 $35,971 $40,656 $45,734
Subtotal Cash from Operations $13,100 $14,465 $15,429 $18,122 $20,176 $22,232 $24,935 $28,334 $31,890 $35,971 $40,656 $45,734
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 6.66% $872 $963 $1,028 $1,207 $1,344 $1,481 $1,661 $1,887 $2,124 $2,396 $2,708 $3,046
New Current Borrowing $0 $1,000 $1,000 $0 $0 $0 $0 $1,000 $0 $0 $2,000 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $13,972 $16,428 $17,457 $19,328 $21,520 $23,713 $26,595 $31,221 $34,014 $38,367 $45,363 $48,779
Expenditures Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $1,000 $2,000 $2,000 $4,000 $4,500 $8,499 $8,699 $8,699 $10,499 $10,499 $10,749 $10,999
Bill Payments $6,429 $13,056 $18,478 $8,061 $12,625 $13,125 $13,323 $14,762 $16,595 $17,542 $19,982 $22,195
Subtotal Spent on Operations $7,429 $15,056 $20,478 $12,061 $17,125 $21,624 $22,022 $23,461 $27,094 $28,041 $30,731 $33,194
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $872 $963 $1,028 $1,207 $1,344 $1,481 $1,661 $1,887 $2,124 $2,396 $2,708 $3,046
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $500 $1,000 $500 $0 $0 $0 $1,000 $0 $0 $500
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $1,336 $1,342 $1,349 $1,356 $1,363 $1,370 $1,376 $1,383 $1,390 $1,397 $1,404 $1,410
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
Subtotal Cash Spent $9,837 $17,561 $23,555 $16,824 $21,532 $25,674 $26,259 $27,931 $32,808 $33,034 $36,042 $39,350
Net Cash Flow $4,135 ($1,133) ($6,098) $2,504 ($12) ($1,961) $336 $3,290 $1,206 $5,333 $9,321 $9,429
Cash Balance $14,135 $13,003 $6,904 $9,409 $9,397 $7,435 $7,772 $11,062 $12,268 $17,601 $26,922 $36,352

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $10,000 $14,135 $13,003 $6,904 $9,409 $9,397 $7,435 $7,772 $11,062 $12,268 $17,601 $26,922 $36,352
Inventory $2,000 $4,855 $11,219 $7,633 $8,403 $9,012 $9,496 $10,357 $11,620 $12,837 $14,284 $16,007 $17,818
Other Current Assets $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000 $30,000
Total Current Assets $42,000 $48,990 $54,221 $44,538 $47,812 $48,409 $46,932 $48,128 $52,682 $55,105 $61,886 $72,929 $84,170
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $100,000 $100,200 $100,400 $100,600 $100,800 $101,000 $101,200 $101,400 $101,600 $101,800 $102,000 $102,200 $102,400
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $1,666 $3,332 $4,998 $6,664 $8,330 $9,996 $11,662 $13,328 $14,994 $16,660 $18,326 $19,992
Total Long-term Assets $100,000 $98,534 $97,068 $95,602 $94,136 $92,670 $91,204 $89,738 $88,272 $86,806 $85,340 $83,874 $82,408
Total Assets $142,000 $147,524 $151,289 $140,140 $141,948 $141,079 $138,136 $137,866 $140,954 $141,911 $147,226 $156,803 $166,578
Liabilities and Capital Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $6,000 $12,428 $18,215 $7,641 $12,188 $12,682 $12,833 $14,209 $16,013 $16,879 $19,244 $21,386 $23,476
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $1,000 $1,500 $500 $0 $0 $0 $1,000 $0 $0 $2,000 $1,500
Other Current Liabilities $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500 $5,500
Subtotal Current Liabilities $11,500 $17,928 $24,715 $14,641 $18,188 $18,182 $18,333 $19,709 $22,513 $22,379 $24,744 $28,886 $30,476
Long-term Liabilities $119,000 $117,664 $116,322 $114,973 $113,617 $112,254 $110,884 $109,508 $108,125 $106,735 $105,338 $103,934 $102,524
Total Liabilities $130,500 $135,592 $141,037 $129,614 $131,805 $130,436 $129,217 $129,217 $130,638 $129,114 $130,082 $132,820 $133,000
Paid-in Capital $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000 $35,000
Retained Earnings ($23,500) ($23,500) ($23,500) ($23,500) ($24,500) ($25,500) ($26,500) ($27,500) ($28,500) ($29,500) ($30,500) ($31,500) ($32,500)
Earnings $0 $433 ($1,247) ($974) ($357) $1,143 $418 $1,149 $3,816 $7,297 $12,643 $20,484 $31,078
Total Capital $11,500 $11,933 $10,253 $10,526 $10,143 $10,643 $8,918 $8,649 $10,316 $12,797 $17,143 $23,984 $33,578
Total Liabilities and Capital $142,000 $147,524 $151,289 $140,140 $141,948 $141,079 $138,136 $137,866 $140,954 $141,911 $147,226 $156,803 $166,578
Net Worth $11,500 $11,933 $10,253 $10,526 $10,143 $10,643 $8,918 $8,649 $10,316 $12,797 $17,143 $23,984 $33,578

LivePlan Logo

See why 1.2 million entrepreneurs have written their business plans with LivePlan

Create Your Plan