Calico Computer Consulting

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Computer Consulting Business Plan

Financial Plan

The following sections include the annual estimates for the standard set of financial tables. Detailed monthly pro-forma tables are included in the appendix.

7.1 Important Assumptions

This information is presented in the table below.

General Assumptions
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Plan Month 1 2 3
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0

7.2 Key Financial Indicators

This information is presented in the chart below.

7.3 Break-even Analysis

The following table and chart summarize the break-even analysis for Calico Computer Consulting. Fixed costs are minimal, consisting mostly of rent and utilities for the home office. Variable costs are assumed as 13% of sales, an average figure provided by sources within the consulting field.

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Units Break-even 14
Monthly Revenue Break-even $1,046
Assumptions:
Average Per-Unit Revenue $75.00
Average Per-Unit Variable Cost $10.00
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $906

7.4 Projected Profit and Loss

This information is presented in the table below. The owner's salary is represented in the Sales Forecast table as Direct Unit Cost and appear here as Direct Cost of Sales.  Payroll Tax is computed using that figure.

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $49,500 $90,750 $95,100
Direct Cost of Sales $6,598 $12,097 $12,677
Other Costs of Sales $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $6,598 $12,097 $12,677
Gross Margin $42,902 $78,653 $82,423
Gross Margin % 86.67% 86.67% 86.67%
Expenses
Payroll $0 $0 $0
Marketing/Promotion $2,477 $4,500 $4,680
Depreciation $0 $0 $0
Rent $5,100 $5,100 $5,100
Utilities $1,500 $1,500 $1,500
Insurance $1,800 $2,000 $2,200
Payroll Taxes $0 $0 $0
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $10,877 $13,100 $13,480
Profit Before Interest and Taxes $32,025 $65,553 $68,943
EBITDA $32,025 $65,553 $68,943
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $9,607 $19,666 $20,683
Net Profit $22,417 $45,887 $48,260
Net Profit/Sales 45.29% 50.56% 50.75%

7.5 Projected Cash Flow

This information is presented in the chart and table below.

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $12,375 $22,688 $23,775
Cash from Receivables $26,168 $58,931 $70,362
Subtotal Cash from Operations $38,543 $81,619 $94,137
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $38,543 $81,619 $94,137
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $0 $0 $0
Bill Payments $23,441 $44,817 $46,677
Subtotal Spent on Operations $23,441 $44,817 $46,677
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $23,441 $44,817 $46,677
Net Cash Flow $15,101 $36,802 $47,460
Cash Balance $15,526 $52,328 $99,788

7.6 Projected Balance Sheet

This information is presented in the table below.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $15,526 $52,328 $99,788
Accounts Receivable $10,958 $20,089 $21,052
Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Total Current Assets $26,484 $72,417 $120,839
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $0 $0
Total Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Total Assets $26,484 $72,417 $120,839
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $3,641 $3,687 $3,850
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $3,641 $3,687 $3,850
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $3,641 $3,687 $3,850
Paid-in Capital $2,050 $2,050 $2,050
Retained Earnings ($1,625) $20,792 $66,679
Earnings $22,417 $45,887 $48,260
Total Capital $22,842 $68,729 $116,990
Total Liabilities and Capital $26,484 $72,417 $120,839
Net Worth $22,842 $68,729 $116,990

7.7 Business Ratios

Business ratios for the years of this plan are shown below. Industry profile ratios based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code 7379, Computer Related Services, are shown for comparison.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 0.00% 83.33% 4.79% 7.20%
Percent of Total Assets
Accounts Receivable 41.37% 27.74% 17.42% 21.70%
Other Current Assets 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 50.20%
Total Current Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 71.90%
Long-term Assets 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 28.10%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 13.75% 5.09% 3.19% 51.40%
Long-term Liabilities 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 19.10%
Total Liabilities 13.75% 5.09% 3.19% 70.50%
Net Worth 86.25% 94.91% 96.81% 29.50%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 86.67% 86.67% 86.67% 0.00%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 41.38% 36.11% 35.92% 80.70%
Advertising Expenses 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 1.20%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes 64.70% 72.23% 72.50% 1.70%
Main Ratios
Current 7.27 19.64 31.39 1.27
Quick 7.27 19.64 31.39 1.01
Total Debt to Total Assets 13.75% 5.09% 3.19% 70.50%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth 140.20% 95.38% 58.93% 3.50%
Pre-tax Return on Assets 120.92% 90.52% 57.05% 11.80%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin 45.29% 50.56% 50.75% n.a
Return on Equity 98.14% 66.76% 41.25% n.a
Activity Ratios
Accounts Receivable Turnover 3.39 3.39 3.39 n.a
Collection Days 55 83 105 n.a
Accounts Payable Turnover 7.44 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 30 29 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 1.87 1.25 0.79 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 0.16 0.05 0.03 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 1.00 1.00 1.00 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $22,842 $68,729 $116,990 n.a
Interest Coverage 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.54 0.80 1.27 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 14% 5% 3% n.a
Acid Test 4.26 14.19 25.92 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 2.17 1.32 0.81 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a