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PRfect Greens

Executive Summary

PRfect Greens is a Eugene, Ore. based public relations firm that specializes in environmental PR.  PRfect Greens’ areas of specialty are crisis management, image creation, management of publicity events.  All of these activities ensure the proper management of sensitive environmental concerns by companies who are not typically seen as environmentally friendly. 

Typical clients will include mining companies, natural gas extraction companies, and lumber companies.  These clients seek a professional firm to assist in their perceived public environmental image.  PRfect Greens will rapidly gain market share through the use of specialized, innovative customer attention. 

By leveraging it’s competitive advantages, PRfect Greens will quickly grow it’s customer base.  Having a specialized skill set with experience in environmental PR work will provide PRfect Greens with valuable insight that other PR firms are unable to offer.  Additionally, PRfect Greens prides themselves on offering unmatched flexibility which will allow PRfect Greens to seamlessly meet any need a client may have.

PRfect Greens is a partnership of two industry professionals with years of experience and insight.  PRfect Greens will leverage their skills, experience, and innovative approach to reach profitability by month 10, generating noteworthy revenues by year three.

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1.1 Mission

PRfect Greens’ mission is to provide the customer the highest quality of environmental PR consultancy.  We exist to attract and maintain customers.  When we adhere to this maxim, everything else will fall into place.  Our services will exceed the expectations of our customers.

1.2 Keys to Success

The keys to success are:

  • Attention to detail.
  • Thinking outside the box.
  • Professionalism.
  • Results.

1.3 Objectives

The objectives for the first three years include:

  1. To create a start-up company whose primary goal is to exceed customer’s expectations.
  2. To increase the number of clients served by at least 20% per year through superior performance and referrals.
  3. To develop a sustainable business that is able to survive off its own cash flow.
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Company Summary

PRfect Greens is an environmental public relations consultancy firm that specializes in working with companies that are typically perceived by the public as anti-environmental.

PRfect Greens is a partnership of two industry PR veterans, Birk Grunola and Arbor Hugger.

PRfect Greens will provide PR services to local, as well as regional firms, that are in need of immediate reactionary help, as well as long-term management.   

2.1 Company Ownership

PRfect Greens is a private partnership owned equally by Birk Grunola and Arbor Hugger.

2.2 Start-up Summary

The following equipment will be needed. Please note that those items which are considered assets to be used for more than a year will be labeled long-term assets and will be depreciated using G.A.A.P. approved straight-line depreciation method.

  • Two desks and chairs.
  • Two file cabinets. 
  • Two computer systems including one license of QuickBooks Pro, two licenses of Microsoft Office, a CD-RW, printer, digital camera and a DSL connection.
  • Burrelle’s media directory.
  • Subscription to LexisNexis researching tools.
  • Website development.
Public relations business plan, company summary chart image

Start-up
Requirements
Start-up Expenses
Legal $1,000
Stationery etc. $50
Brochures $100
Website development $1,000
Lexis Nexus subscription $300
Total Start-up Expenses $2,450
Start-up Assets
Cash Required $59,850
Other Current Assets $0
Long-term Assets $3,700
Total Assets $63,550
Total Requirements $66,000
Start-up Funding
Start-up Expenses to Fund $2,450
Start-up Assets to Fund $63,550
Total Funding Required $66,000
Assets
Non-cash Assets from Start-up $3,700
Cash Requirements from Start-up $59,850
Additional Cash Raised $0
Cash Balance on Starting Date $59,850
Total Assets $63,550
Liabilities and Capital
Liabilities
Current Borrowing $0
Long-term Liabilities $0
Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) $0
Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) $0
Total Liabilities $0
Capital
Planned Investment
Arbor $33,000
Birk $33,000
Additional Investment Requirement $0
Total Planned Investment $66,000
Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) ($2,450)
Total Capital $63,550
Total Capital and Liabilities $63,550
Total Funding $66,000

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Services

PRfect Greens offers a wide range of environmental PR services.  These services will typically be used by gas companies, mining companies, and lumber companies who are looking to improve their environmental image or manage a crisis.  The main services offered are:

  • Crisis management. This is a reactionary/proactive service that helps the customer manage a crisis or situation that if left unattended could create significant amounts of bad press and tarnish the public image of companies that already have sensitive environmental images by virtue of the fact that they operate in sensitive environmental areas. 
  • Image creation. This service designs and implements a certain public image, typically an image that is pro-environment for a company that is in an anti-environment industry.
  • Management of publicity events. These services develop and manage client sponsored publicity events which are designed to strengthen the clients perceived environmental commitment.
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Market Analysis Summary

PRfect Greens will primarily serve three different target segments within the environmental PR space: gas companies, mining companies, and lumber companies.  These different industries will be targeted because they represent a large amount of business activity in this region and because they have struggled in the past to maintain an ideal/reasonable public image. 

These segments will be targeted through an advertising campaign and networking activities tailored to each industry customer.

4.1 Market Segmentation

PRfect Greens has three distinct groups of customers:

  • Gas companies. These companies are performing subterranean drilling in search of natural gas reserves.  They might utilize PRfect Greens to help strengthen their image as an environmentally friendly provider of energy (the burning of natural gas releases far fewer pollutants, specifically CO2 than other fossil fuels).  Additionally they may need PRfect Greens for crisis management services or promotional activities. 
  • Mining companies. The mining companies have a negative public environmental image due to the general destruction of the land that occurs when evaluating the mineral deposits below the land as well as the release of tailing into water sources and the general destruction of the land that occurs during mining operations.  A perfect example of a company that could have used PRfect Greens’ service was the Kinross Mining Company, a company that was mining copper in Willamette National Forest. Kinross had to endure a public relations fiasco when multiple environmental groups were bringing legal claims against Kinross due to the release of effluents into the Santiam River, the main source for the Santiam Watershed, the source of water for Salem and other nearby cities. 
  • Lumber companies. There are a lot of lumber industry jobs in Oregon.  Both Georgia Pacific and Willamette Industry are two multinational corporations that 1) do a lot of logging as well as processing 2) and have struggled to maintain a environmentally friendly public perception.
Public relations business plan, market analysis summary chart image

Market Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Potential Customers Growth CAGR
Gas companies 8% 15 16 17 18 19 6.09%
Mining companies 9% 44 48 52 57 62 8.95%
Lumbar companies 7% 38 41 44 47 50 7.10%
Total 7.80% 97 105 113 122 131 7.80%

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

The selected customer segments will be targeted in a specific advertising and networking campaign.

  • Advertising. This campaign will target each of the prospective customers.  The advertisements will generally be placed within the appropriate industry trade journal.  The advertisements will be used to communicate the message that PRfect Greens is a specialized environmental PR firm that can work hand and hand with the company, providing them with both proactive, as well as reactive PR services.  The advertisements will detail the different services PRfect Greens provides as well as the experience the founders have in this niche.
  • Networking. Since both of the founders have a long history in this market space, they have a long list of contacts that they have developed over the years.  PRfect Greens will leverage these contacts to raise visibility regarding PRfect Greens and establish relationships so PRfect Greens can began to serve them.  Because this market niche is fairly small and specific, people in the space tend to know each other and a lot of business is transacted among acquaintances.  This nature of the industry will make networking activities all the more effective.

4.3 Service Business Analysis

The PR industry in Eugene has many different competitors, however few have the specialized skills for environmental PR work.  The competitors generally take the form of general communication firms, small local PR firms, and large national firms.

PRfect Greens will rapidly gain market share in their specific space by leveraging their competitive edges.  These edges consist of a specialized skill set honed for the demands of environmental PR and the high degree of flexibility.  As a small specialized firm, PRfect Greens is able to address any need generated by a client. 

4.3.1 Competition and Buying Patterns

Competition takes many forms:

  • General communications firms. These firms practice a wide range of communication services from press releases, to promotional materials, to corporate imaging.  Some of the general communication firms are large and have dedicated departments for different types of communications, others have generalists that do everything.
  • Small, local PR firms. These companies are small, typically one principal, and their clients are from the surrounding area. 
  • Large national firms. These firms are quite large and they serve national clients.  The clients are usually very large companies and these national firms travel to wherever to support the account.

Buying patterns for companies typically take the form of RFP’s for the larger companies, and informal referrals/networking for the smaller clients.

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Strategy and Implementation Summary

PRfect Greens’ marketing and sales strategies will be based on developing visibility for PRfect Greens and communicating the message that PRfect Greens is able to provide an unmatched service offering due to the special skill set and flexibility in serving the client.

5.1 Competitive Edge

PRfect Greens has two complementary competitive edges:

  • Specialized skill set. While this will be detailed further in the management section, this competitive edge allows PRfect Greens to provide keen insight into the customer’s industry and how that applies to public relations.
  • Flexibility. As a small firm, PRfect Greens is able to meet the customer’s special needs by offering a very flexible service.  This flexibility allows PRfect Greens to work hand in hand with company and the community to support their customer.  While many competitors will have an initial interview with the customer on their site, most of the work is completed on the PR firms terms, typically at the home office.  PRfect Greens’ flexibility allows them to work with the client in any capacity required to serve the customer in the most effective way.  Often this means working closely with the customer and the various hierarchical levels within the company.  This will sometimes mean extended time spent at the company’s work site, a service that PRfect Greens is more than happy to offer.

5.2 Marketing Strategy

As stated before in the target market segment strategy, PRfect Greens will use a combination of targeted advertising and networking to generate visibility and communicate PRfect Greens’ message that they are the premier environmental PR firm in the area that possesses the ability to offer unprecedented specialized services and flexibility to help the customer manage their public image and deal with any unfortunate crisis.

The advertising will be done in specific industry journals.  These will be chosen because the journal readership is a very specific demographic that PRfect Greens is trying to reach. 

The networking activities will be quite effective in leveraging the already existing relationships that Birk and Arbor have established through years working in the different industries.   

5.3 Sales Strategy

The sale strategy will be based on turning prospective customers into long-term clients.  The primary way this will be accomplished is through a dog and pony show performed for the decision maker.  This presentation will outline all of the different services and value that PRfect Greens offers: their rich specialized experience and very personalized attention that their clients receive.  They will emphasize the smallness of PRfect Greens that allows it to serve every client with individual attention that one would expect from an in-house staff.

The dog and pony show will also highlight PRfect Greens’ portfolio of past clients served and the creative “out of the box” thinking that prevails at PRfect Greens.  The portfolio itself will be quite creative, not just a standard display of past projects, but a representation in itself of PRfect Greens’ creativity and competence. 

5.3.1 Sales Forecast

The first month of operation will not have any sales activity.  The office will be set up and the marketing campaign will be devised.  The second month will see a small amount of activity, primarily small projects of limited duration. 

By month three and four, visibility of PRfect Greens will have begun to take root and there will be an increasing number of inquiries that will be turned into projects.

Sales will steadily ramp from month four on with profitability being reached by month 10 and sales steadily increasing through the end of year three.

Public relations business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Public relations business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Sales Forecast
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales
Crisis management $18,700 $48,000 $55,000
Image management $46,069 $104,556 $115,676
Event management $29,945 $67,961 $75,189
Total Sales $94,714 $220,517 $245,865
Direct Cost of Sales Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Crisis management $935 $2,400 $2,750
Image management $2,303 $5,228 $5,784
Event management $1,497 $3,398 $3,759
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $4,736 $11,026 $12,293

5.4 Milestones

PRfect Greens will have several milestones early on:

  1. Business plan completion.  While business plans are typically created on requirement to secure capital, PRfect Greens will use the plan as a way to develop a strategic focus as well as a gauge to track adherence to the plan at multiple intervals in the coming quarters and years.
  2. Office set up.
  3. Establishment of the first major project.
  4. Near full service capacity.
Public relations business plan, strategy and implementation summary chart image

Milestones
Milestone Start Date End Date Budget Manager Department
Business plan completion 1/1/2001 2/1/2001 $0 Arbor Marketing
Office set up 1/1/2001 2/1/2001 $0 Birk Department
Establishment of the first major project 1/1/2001 7/1/2001 $0 Arbor & Birk Department
Near full service capacity 1/1/2001 8/30/2002 $0 Everyone Department
Totals $0

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Web Plan Summary

The website will be used as a resource for developing visibility, disseminating information such as a portfolio of past projects and case studies, as well as a way that prospective customers can contact PRfect Greens.

6.1 Website Marketing Strategy

The marketing of the website will incorporate the following actions:

  • Search engine submission. For all prospective customers that are unaware of PRfect Greens and are using the Internet to research the possible service solutions to their problem, PRfect Greens will professionally submit their site individually to all of the popular search engines so that PRfect Greens’ site appears at the top of the search list.
  • Advertising of the site through the various written materials that PRfect Greens will disseminate to prospective customers.

6.2 Development Requirements

The website development will be the product of a University of Oregon computer science graduate student.  The utilization of the graduate student will be used because of their technical competence as well as their below-market rates that they typically charge as a student. 

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Management Summary

Birk Grunola
Birk received a BS in communications and environmental science from the University of Oregon.  Beyond school, Birk went to work for the Weyerhauser corporation in their marketing department. After six years, Birk was promoted to the head of the in-house staff for external communications.  It was his responsibility to shape the public’s perception of Weyerhauser as an environmental corporate citizen.  After five years at this position Birk began looking for an opportunity that would give him more flexibility and autonomy.

Arbor Hugger
Arbor received a biology degree from American University.  After college, Arbor went to work for the Environmental Protection Industry (EPA) in Washington D.C.  Arbor had varying degrees of responsibility at the EPA, ultimately working as a manager for external communications.   After 10 years at the EPA, Arbor was seeking a more progressive, less bureaucratic organization to serve.  Arbor was able to leverage his skills at the EPA and parlay it into a position as the PR director for the National Gas Exploration Association.  At this position, Arbor was responsible for all of the external communications of the Association, crisis management, and management of publicity events.  After three years Arbor was searching for a more flexible opportunity.  Through the years, Arbor remained in contact with his best friend from high school, Birk.  On a specific vacation retreat the two took together, they became cognizant of the fact that both were somewhat unhappy at their current jobs and were looking for new opportunities.  This revelation lead to a year of dialogue between the two at which point they both decided to leave their current jobs and start their own firm.

7.1 Personnel Plan

Birk and Arbor are the two principals of the firm.  They will hire a part-time administrative assistant by month four.

Personnel Plan
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Arbor $48,000 $60,000 $70,000
Birk $48,000 $60,000 $70,000
Administrative assistant $8,640 $11,520 $15,000
Total People 3 3 3
Total Payroll $104,640 $131,520 $155,000

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Financial Plan

The following sections will outline important financial information.

8.1 Important Assumptions

The following table details important financial assumptions.

General Assumptions
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Plan Month 1 2 3
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0

8.2 Key Financial Indicators

The following table outlines the key financial indictors.

Public relations business plan, financial plan chart image

8.3 Break-even Analysis

The Break-even Analysis indicates what will be needed in monthly revenue to reach the break-even point.

Public relations business plan, financial plan chart image

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Revenue Break-even $11,725
Assumptions:
Average Percent Variable Cost 5%
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $11,139

8.4 Projected Profit and Loss

The following table will indicate projected profit and loss.

Public relations business plan, financial plan chart image

Public relations business plan, financial plan chart image

Public relations business plan, financial plan chart image

Public relations business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $94,714 $220,517 $245,865
Direct Cost of Sales $4,736 $11,026 $12,293
Other Production Expenses $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $4,736 $11,026 $12,293
Gross Margin $89,978 $209,492 $233,572
Gross Margin % 95.00% 95.00% 95.00%
Expenses
Payroll $104,640 $131,520 $155,000
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $4,200 $4,200 $4,200
Depreciation $732 $732 $732
Leased Equipment $0 $0 $0
Utilities $1,200 $1,200 $1,200
Insurance $1,200 $1,200 $1,200
Rent $6,000 $6,000 $6,000
Payroll Taxes $15,696 $19,728 $23,250
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $133,668 $164,580 $191,582
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($43,690) $44,912 $41,990
EBITDA ($42,958) $45,644 $42,722
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $13,473 $12,597
Net Profit ($43,690) $31,438 $29,393
Net Profit/Sales -46.13% 14.26% 11.95%

8.5 Projected Cash Flow

The following chart and table will indicate projected cash flow.

Public relations business plan, financial plan chart image

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $33,150 $77,181 $86,053
Cash from Receivables $43,071 $118,773 $154,863
Subtotal Cash from Operations $76,221 $195,954 $240,916
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $76,221 $195,954 $240,916
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $104,640 $131,520 $155,000
Bill Payments $29,966 $55,222 $60,419
Subtotal Spent on Operations $134,606 $186,742 $215,419
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $134,606 $186,742 $215,419
Net Cash Flow ($58,385) $9,212 $25,497
Cash Balance $1,465 $10,676 $36,174

8.6 Projected Balance Sheet

The following table will indicate the projected balance sheet.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $1,465 $10,676 $36,174
Accounts Receivable $18,493 $43,057 $48,006
Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Total Current Assets $19,958 $53,733 $84,180
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $3,700 $3,700 $3,700
Accumulated Depreciation $732 $1,464 $2,196
Total Long-term Assets $2,968 $2,236 $1,504
Total Assets $22,926 $55,969 $85,684
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $3,066 $4,671 $4,992
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $3,066 $4,671 $4,992
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $3,066 $4,671 $4,992
Paid-in Capital $66,000 $66,000 $66,000
Retained Earnings ($2,450) ($46,140) ($14,702)
Earnings ($43,690) $31,438 $29,393
Total Capital $19,860 $51,298 $80,691
Total Liabilities and Capital $22,926 $55,969 $85,684
Net Worth $19,860 $51,298 $80,691

8.7 Business Ratios

Business ratios for the years of this plan are shown below. Industry profile ratios based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code 8743, Public Relations Service, are shown for comparison.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth 0.00% 132.82% 11.49% 8.60%
Percent of Total Assets
Accounts Receivable 80.67% 76.93% 56.03% 24.20%
Other Current Assets 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 44.30%
Total Current Assets 87.05% 96.00% 98.24% 72.50%
Long-term Assets 12.95% 4.00% 1.76% 27.50%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 13.37% 8.35% 5.83% 45.00%
Long-term Liabilities 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 17.00%
Total Liabilities 13.37% 8.35% 5.83% 62.00%
Net Worth 86.63% 91.65% 94.17% 38.00%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 0.00%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 141.13% 80.74% 83.05% 79.40%
Advertising Expenses 2.53% 1.09% 0.98% 1.20%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes -46.13% 20.37% 17.08% 2.40%
Main Ratios
Current 6.51 11.50 16.86 1.71
Quick 6.51 11.50 16.86 1.36
Total Debt to Total Assets 13.37% 8.35% 5.83% 62.00%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth -219.99% 87.55% 52.04% 5.10%
Pre-tax Return on Assets -190.57% 80.24% 49.01% 13.50%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin -46.13% 14.26% 11.95% n.a
Return on Equity -219.99% 61.28% 36.43% n.a
Activity Ratios
Accounts Receivable Turnover 3.33 3.33 3.33 n.a
Collection Days 55 78 104 n.a
Accounts Payable Turnover 10.78 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 25 29 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 4.13 3.94 2.87 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 0.15 0.09 0.06 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 1.00 1.00 1.00 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $16,892 $49,062 $79,187 n.a
Interest Coverage 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.24 0.25 0.35 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 13% 8% 6% n.a
Acid Test 0.48 2.29 7.25 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 4.77 4.30 3.05 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a

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Appendix

Sales Forecast
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales
Crisis management 0% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $3,000 $1,500 $1,000 $3,300 $3,500 $2,900 $3,500
Image management 0% $0 $1,100 $1,898 $2,878 $3,345 $3,878 $4,223 $4,501 $5,112 $5,500 $6,334 $7,300
Event management 0% $0 $715 $1,234 $1,871 $2,174 $2,521 $2,745 $2,926 $3,323 $3,575 $4,117 $4,745
Total Sales $0 $1,815 $3,132 $4,749 $5,519 $9,399 $8,468 $8,427 $11,735 $12,575 $13,351 $15,545
Direct Cost of Sales Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Crisis management $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $150 $75 $50 $165 $175 $145 $175
Image management $0 $55 $95 $144 $167 $194 $211 $225 $256 $275 $317 $365
Event management $0 $36 $62 $94 $109 $126 $137 $146 $166 $179 $206 $237
Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales $0 $91 $157 $237 $276 $470 $423 $421 $587 $629 $668 $777
Personnel Plan
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Arbor 0% $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000
Birk 0% $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000 $4,000
Administrative assistant 0% $0 $0 $0 $960 $960 $960 $960 $960 $960 $960 $960 $960
Total People 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Total Payroll $8,000 $8,000 $8,000 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960

General Assumptions
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Plan Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Current Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Long-term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Tax Rate 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00%
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Sales $0 $1,815 $3,132 $4,749 $5,519 $9,399 $8,468 $8,427 $11,735 $12,575 $13,351 $15,545
Direct Cost of Sales $0 $91 $157 $237 $276 $470 $423 $421 $587 $629 $668 $777
Other Production Expenses $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $0 $91 $157 $237 $276 $470 $423 $421 $587 $629 $668 $777
Gross Margin $0 $1,724 $2,975 $4,511 $5,243 $8,929 $8,045 $8,005 $11,148 $11,946 $12,684 $14,768
Gross Margin % 0.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00% 95.00%
Expenses
Payroll $8,000 $8,000 $8,000 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350 $350
Depreciation $61 $61 $61 $61 $61 $61 $61 $61 $61 $61 $61 $61
Leased Equipment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Utilities $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100
Insurance $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $100
Rent $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500
Payroll Taxes 15% $1,200 $1,200 $1,200 $1,344 $1,344 $1,344 $1,344 $1,344 $1,344 $1,344 $1,344 $1,344
Other $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $10,311 $10,311 $10,311 $11,415 $11,415 $11,415 $11,415 $11,415 $11,415 $11,415 $11,415 $11,415
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($10,311) ($8,587) ($7,336) ($6,904) ($6,172) ($2,486) ($3,370) ($3,410) ($267) $531 $1,269 $3,353
EBITDA ($10,250) ($8,526) ($7,275) ($6,843) ($6,111) ($2,425) ($3,309) ($3,349) ($206) $592 $1,330 $3,414
Interest Expense $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Taxes Incurred $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Net Profit ($10,311) ($8,587) ($7,336) ($6,904) ($6,172) ($2,486) ($3,370) ($3,410) ($267) $531 $1,269 $3,353
Net Profit/Sales 0.00% -473.10% -234.25% -145.38% -111.82% -26.45% -39.80% -40.46% -2.27% 4.22% 9.50% 21.57%

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $0 $635 $1,096 $1,662 $1,932 $3,290 $2,964 $2,949 $4,107 $4,401 $4,673 $5,441
Cash from Receivables $0 $0 $39 $1,208 $2,071 $3,103 $3,672 $6,089 $5,503 $5,549 $7,646 $8,191
Subtotal Cash from Operations $0 $635 $1,135 $2,870 $4,002 $6,393 $6,635 $9,038 $9,610 $9,950 $12,319 $13,631
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received 0.00% $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $0 $635 $1,135 $2,870 $4,002 $6,393 $6,635 $9,038 $9,610 $9,950 $12,319 $13,631
Expenditures Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $8,000 $8,000 $8,000 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960 $8,960
Bill Payments $75 $2,253 $2,343 $2,414 $2,633 $2,676 $2,862 $2,817 $2,821 $2,982 $3,024 $3,065
Subtotal Spent on Operations $8,075 $10,253 $10,343 $11,374 $11,593 $11,636 $11,822 $11,777 $11,781 $11,942 $11,984 $12,025
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $8,075 $10,253 $10,343 $11,374 $11,593 $11,636 $11,822 $11,777 $11,781 $11,942 $11,984 $12,025
Net Cash Flow ($8,075) ($9,618) ($9,208) ($8,504) ($7,590) ($5,244) ($5,187) ($2,739) ($2,170) ($1,992) $335 $1,606
Cash Balance $51,775 $42,157 $32,950 $24,446 $16,856 $11,612 $6,425 $3,686 $1,516 ($476) ($142) $1,465
Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Assets Starting Balances
Current Assets
Cash $59,850 $51,775 $42,157 $32,950 $24,446 $16,856 $11,612 $6,425 $3,686 $1,516 ($476) ($142) $1,465
Accounts Receivable $0 $0 $1,180 $3,176 $5,054 $6,571 $9,577 $11,410 $10,798 $12,922 $15,547 $16,580 $18,493
Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Current Assets $59,850 $51,775 $43,337 $36,126 $29,500 $23,427 $21,189 $17,835 $14,484 $14,438 $15,071 $16,438 $19,958
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700 $3,700
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $61 $122 $183 $244 $305 $366 $427 $488 $549 $610 $671 $732
Total Long-term Assets $3,700 $3,639 $3,578 $3,517 $3,456 $3,395 $3,334 $3,273 $3,212 $3,151 $3,090 $3,029 $2,968
Total Assets $63,550 $55,414 $46,915 $39,643 $32,956 $26,822 $24,523 $21,108 $17,696 $17,589 $18,161 $19,467 $22,926
Liabilities and Capital Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6 Month 7 Month 8 Month 9 Month 10 Month 11 Month 12
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $0 $2,175 $2,263 $2,326 $2,544 $2,581 $2,768 $2,723 $2,721 $2,881 $2,922 $2,960 $3,066
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $0 $2,175 $2,263 $2,326 $2,544 $2,581 $2,768 $2,723 $2,721 $2,881 $2,922 $2,960 $3,066
Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total Liabilities $0 $2,175 $2,263 $2,326 $2,544 $2,581 $2,768 $2,723 $2,721 $2,881 $2,922 $2,960 $3,066
Paid-in Capital $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000 $66,000
Retained Earnings ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450) ($2,450)
Earnings $0 ($10,311) ($18,898) ($26,234) ($33,137) ($39,309) ($41,795) ($45,166) ($48,575) ($48,842) ($48,311) ($47,043) ($43,690)
Total Capital $63,550 $53,239 $44,652 $37,316 $30,413 $24,241 $21,755 $18,384 $14,975 $14,708 $15,239 $16,507 $19,860
Total Liabilities and Capital $63,550 $55,414 $46,915 $39,643 $32,956 $26,822 $24,523 $21,108 $17,696 $17,589 $18,161 $19,467 $22,926
Net Worth $63,550 $53,239 $44,652 $37,316 $30,413 $24,241 $21,755 $18,384 $14,975 $14,708 $15,239 $16,507 $19,860

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