The Sportsuchtig financial picture is quite promising. Since Sportsuchtig is a currently operating business, there will be sales and cash coming into the business on day 1 when the operation is taken over by the Johnson's. An initial working capital investment of $50,000 dollars will be necessary to assure that expenses are covered in the first 2 months, but after that it is assumed that cash from operations will be sufficient to fund and reach the milestones in this plan.
The owners have a personal equity line sufficient to finance any monthly cash-flow shortage; however, a business line of credit will be established as soon as possible. We anticipate very few accounts receivables initially, with 95% of sales cash and carry (cash, checks, credit cards). Marketing and advertising will remain at or below 5% of sales. We will continue to reinvest residual profits into company expansion, and personnel.
An approximately $700,000 loan will be obtained from a conventional or SBA lender. At least $340,000 capital will be provided by the purchasers/owners - the Johnsons. It is possible that some financing may be provided by an active investor or partner in exchange for some level of ownership in the business. If an agreement with an investor or partner cannot be reached, then the owners will contribute all of the funding outside of the loan funding.
The financial plan depends on important assumptions, most of which are shown in the following table. The key underlying assumptions are:
For our break-even analysis, we assume running costs which include payroll, rent, utilities, interest expense on the funding loan, and an estimation of other running costs. These estimations are based on real financial history data provided by the sellers of the business. Our sales forecast indicates that monthly sales are expected to be much greater than the break-even point.
The projected Profit and Loss for five years is detailed in the table and charts following. Monthly projected Profit and Loss for year 1 is available in the Appendix. Some assumptions and inclusions to be noted are:
We expect to be profitable in the first year, with net profits increasing steadily as the reputation of our business, its employees, and services become apparent to the local market and we reap the expected revenue gains from relocating the retail store, enhancing the Website, and expanding into additional products.
Cash flow will have to be carefully monitored, as in any business, but Sportsuchtig has the advantage of operating a primarily cash and carry business. After the initial investment and start-up costs are covered, the business will become relatively self-sustaining. The principle payments to service the $700,000 funding loan are reflected in the Cash Flow table.
The key to managing cash flow is to understand the current monthly sales data and to successfully manage the timing of inventory purchases. Sales for Sportsuchtig typically spike in the spring months of February, March, April, May and June. Inventory for this spring season is purchased in bulk from the four major suppliers in the fall months and can cost between $500,000 to $800,000, depending upon the extent of the orders. The suppliers provide significant price breaks on the bulk orders and do not require payment until April 1. Some of the payables associated with this inventory are paid over the 5-6 months before April 1, but the majority is kept in the cash account until full payment on April 1. Additional orders besides the fall bulk orders are also placed as needed throughout the rest of the year. Terms on these inventory orders are typically Net 30 and they are paid in in 30 days. Inventory levels are usually maintained at high levels, due to the need to have product in stock and available when customers need it and it is turned every 6-8 months. We will focus on reducing inventory levels in order to improve cash flow.
The significant cash flow negative in April is expected and is a result of paying the inventory accounts payable that have accrued over the 5-6 months between purchase and the April 1 payment.
Any amounts above $50,000 will be invested into semi-liquid stock portfolios to decrease the opportunity cost of cash held. The interest will show up as Interest Income in the Profit and Loss table and will be updated quarterly.
Cash flow projections are critical to our success. The following table shows cash flow for the first five years, and the chart illustrates monthly cash flow in the first year. Monthly cash flow projections are included in the appendix.
Sportsuchtig' projected balance sheet shows an increase in net worth by 2009, at which point it expects to be making significant after-tax profit on sales of $5 million. With the present financial projections, Sportsuchtig expects to build a company with strong profit potential, and a solid balance sheet that will be asset heavy and flush with cash at the end of five years. We plan on using the excess cash for continued growth.
The projected Balance Sheet for five years is detailed in the table following. Monthly projections for the first year Balance Sheet are available for review in the Appendix.
Business ratios for the years of this plan are shown below. Industry profile ratios based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code 5941, Sporting Goods and Bicycle Shops, are shown for comparison.