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Organic Restaurant Business Plan

Financial Plan

We expect to raise $40,000 of our own capital, and to borrow $100,000 guaranteed by the SBA as a 10-year loan. This provides the bulk of the start-up financing required.

Break-even Analysis

Our break-even analysis is based on the average of the first-year numbers for total sales by meal served, total cost of sales, and all operating expenses. These are presented as per-unit revenue, per-unit cost, and fixed costs. We realize that this is not really the same as fixed cost, but these conservative assumptions make for a better estimate of real risk.

Break-even Analysis
Monthly Units Break-even 3,205
Monthly Revenue Break-even $34,171
Assumptions:
Average Per-Unit Revenue $10.66
Average Per-Unit Variable Cost $1.50
Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost $29,375

Projected Profit and Loss

As the profit and loss table shows, we expect to become barely profitable in the second year of business, and to make an acceptable profit in the third year.

Pro Forma Profit and Loss
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Sales $367,560 $565,000 $730,000
Direct Cost of Sales $51,592 $79,250 $102,250
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Cost of Sales $51,592 $79,250 $102,250
Gross Margin $315,969 $485,750 $627,750
Gross Margin % 85.96% 85.97% 85.99%
Expenses
Payroll $282,000 $357,000 $410,000
Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses $27,000 $35,830 $72,122
Depreciation $0 $0 $0
Utilities $1,200 $1,260 $1,323
Payroll Taxes $42,300 $53,550 $61,500
Other $0 $0 $0
Total Operating Expenses $352,500 $447,640 $544,945
Profit Before Interest and Taxes ($36,532) $38,110 $82,806
EBITDA ($36,532) $38,110 $82,806
Interest Expense $9,673 $8,887 $7,637
Taxes Incurred $0 $7,306 $19,105
Net Profit ($46,204) $21,917 $56,063
Net Profit/Sales -12.57% 3.88% 7.68%

Projected Cash Flow

The cash flow projection shows that starting cost and provisions for ongoing expenses are adequate to meet our needs until the business itself generates its own cash flow sufficient to support operations.

Pro Forma Cash Flow
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Cash Received
Cash from Operations
Cash Sales $367,560 $565,000 $730,000
Subtotal Cash from Operations $367,560 $565,000 $730,000
Additional Cash Received
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received $0 $0 $0
New Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
New Other Liabilities (interest-free) $0 $0 $0
New Long-term Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Sales of Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Sales of Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
New Investment Received $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Received $367,560 $565,000 $730,000
Expenditures Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Expenditures from Operations
Cash Spending $282,000 $357,000 $410,000
Bill Payments $117,968 $185,584 $257,538
Subtotal Spent on Operations $399,968 $542,584 $667,538
Additional Cash Spent
Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out $0 $0 $0
Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Liabilities Principal Repayment $0 $0 $0
Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment $6,133 $10,000 $15,000
Purchase Other Current Assets $0 $0 $0
Purchase Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Dividends $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Cash Spent $406,101 $552,584 $682,538
Net Cash Flow ($38,541) $12,416 $47,462
Cash Balance $49,459 $61,875 $109,337

Projected Balance Sheet

The table shows projected balance sheet for three years.

Pro Forma Balance Sheet
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Assets
Current Assets
Cash $49,459 $61,875 $109,337
Other Current Assets $50,000 $50,000 $50,000
Total Current Assets $99,459 $111,875 $159,337
Long-term Assets
Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Accumulated Depreciation $0 $0 $0
Total Long-term Assets $0 $0 $0
Total Assets $99,459 $111,875 $159,337
Liabilities and Capital Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Current Liabilities
Accounts Payable $14,796 $15,294 $21,693
Current Borrowing $0 $0 $0
Other Current Liabilities $0 $0 $0
Subtotal Current Liabilities $14,796 $15,294 $21,693
Long-term Liabilities $93,867 $83,867 $68,867
Total Liabilities $108,663 $99,161 $90,560
Paid-in Capital $40,000 $40,000 $40,000
Retained Earnings ($3,000) ($49,204) ($27,287)
Earnings ($46,204) $21,917 $56,063
Total Capital ($9,204) $12,713 $68,776
Total Liabilities and Capital $99,459 $111,875 $159,337
Net Worth ($9,204) $12,713 $68,776

Business Ratios

Business ratios for the years of this plan are shown below. Industry Profile ratios based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code 5813, Eating Places, are shown for comparison.

Ratio Analysis
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Industry Profile
Sales Growth n.a. 53.72% 29.20% 7.60%
Percent of Total Assets
Other Current Assets 50.27% 44.69% 31.38% 35.60%
Total Current Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 43.70%
Long-term Assets 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 56.30%
Total Assets 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Current Liabilities 14.88% 13.67% 13.61% 32.70%
Long-term Liabilities 94.38% 74.97% 43.22% 28.50%
Total Liabilities 109.25% 88.64% 56.84% 61.20%
Net Worth -9.25% 11.36% 43.16% 38.80%
Percent of Sales
Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
Gross Margin 85.96% 85.97% 85.99% 60.50%
Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 98.90% 82.32% 78.45% 39.80%
Advertising Expenses 0.65% 1.77% 6.16% 3.20%
Profit Before Interest and Taxes -9.94% 6.75% 11.34% 0.70%
Main Ratios
Current 6.72 7.31 7.34 0.98
Quick 6.72 7.31 7.34 0.65
Total Debt to Total Assets 109.25% 88.64% 56.84% 61.20%
Pre-tax Return on Net Worth 501.98% 229.87% 109.29% 1.70%
Pre-tax Return on Assets -46.46% 26.12% 47.18% 4.30%
Additional Ratios Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Net Profit Margin -12.57% 3.88% 7.68% n.a
Return on Equity 0.00% 172.40% 81.52% n.a
Activity Ratios
Accounts Payable Turnover 8.91 12.17 12.17 n.a
Payment Days 27 30 26 n.a
Total Asset Turnover 3.70 5.05 4.58 n.a
Debt Ratios
Debt to Net Worth 0.00 7.80 1.32 n.a
Current Liab. to Liab. 0.14 0.15 0.24 n.a
Liquidity Ratios
Net Working Capital $84,663 $96,580 $137,643 n.a
Interest Coverage -3.78 4.29 10.84 n.a
Additional Ratios
Assets to Sales 0.27 0.20 0.22 n.a
Current Debt/Total Assets 15% 14% 14% n.a
Acid Test 6.72 7.31 7.34 n.a
Sales/Net Worth 0.00 44.44 10.61 n.a
Dividend Payout 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a